List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia

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This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia. There are currently 122 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), 1 former NHL, and 13 historic sites that are National Historical Parks or other areas in the National Park Service system.

Current landmarks[edit]

The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are widely distributed across Virginia's 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

[1] Landmark name[2] Image Date designated[2] Locality[2][3] County
or City[2]
Description[3]
1 Alexandria Historic District ca. 1919 HABS photograph November 13, 1966 Alexandria
38°48′12″N 77°02′47″W / 38.8033°N 77.0464°W / 38.8033; -77.0464 (Alexandria Historic District)
Alexandria (independent city) Comprises the central portion of Alexandria, Virginia
2 Aquia Church HABS photograph July 5, 1991 Garrisonville
38°27′53″N 77°24′11″W / 38.4646°N 77.40305°W / 38.4646; -77.40305 (Aquia Church)
Stafford Mid-18th-century church
3 Bacon's Castle Bacon's Castle October 9, 1960 Bacon's Castle
37°06′38″N 76°43′41″W / 37.11056°N 76.72806°W / 37.11056; -76.72806 (Bacon's Castle)
Surry One of the oldest brick buildings in Virginia
4 Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery Ball's Bluff National Cemetery.jpg April 27, 1984 Leesburg
39°07′53″N 77°31′45″W / 39.131389°N 77.529167°W / 39.131389; -77.529167 (Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery)
Loudoun Site of an embarrassing Union defeat early in the American Civil War, caused by inept generalship, after which drowned troops' bodies floated down the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.
5 Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone DC Boundary stone SW9 (Banneker), 21 Oct 2012.JPG May 11, 1976 Arlington
38°53′24″N 77°09′34″W / 38.8901°N 77.1595°W / 38.8901; -77.1595 (Benjamin Banneker: Sw 9 Intermediate Boundary Stone)
Arlington A boundary stone associated with Benjamin Banneker, (1731–1806), an African American surveyor, mathematician and astronomer who assisted Andrew Ellicott during the first two months of Ellicott's 1791–1792 survey of the boundaries of the original District of Columbia.[4]
6 Barracks, Virginia Military Institute 1968 HABS photograph December 21, 1965 Lexington
37°47′25″N 79°26′19″W / 37.7903°N 79.4386°W / 37.7903; -79.4386 (VMI Barracks (approx.))
Lexington (independent city) Gothic style cadet barracks building on the grounds of Virginia Military Institute
7 Berkeley Berkeley plantation harrison home.jpg November 11, 1971 Charles City
37°19′18″N 77°10′54″W / 37.321667°N 77.181667°W / 37.321667; -77.181667 (Berkeley Plantation)
Charles City One of the great plantations of Virginia, associated with Presidents William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
8 Berry Hill HABS photograph November 11, 1971 South Boston
36°41′48″N 78°56′39″W / 36.6967°N 78.9442°W / 36.6967; -78.9442 (Berry Hill)
Halifax A Greek Revival plantation mansion, imitating the Parthenon
9 Brandon Brandon April 15, 1970 Burrowsville
37°15′27.14″N 76°59′36.20″W / 37.2575389°N 76.9933889°W / 37.2575389; -76.9933889 (Brandon Plantation)
Prince George Plantation tended from 1614 on, with unusual brick mansion in style of Palladio's "Roman Country House" completed in 1760s
10 Bremo Historic District HABS photograph November 11, 1971 Bremo Bluff
37°43′32″N 78°19′47″W / 37.72542°N 78.32973°W / 37.72542; -78.32973 (Bremo Historic District)
Fluvanna James River plantation with mansion probably designed by Thomas Jefferson
11 Bruton Parish Church Bruton Parish Church Today.jpg April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′09″N 76°42′10″W / 37.2693°N 76.7028°W / 37.2693; -76.7028 (Bruton Parish Church)
Williamsburg (independent city) Earliest church in the British American colonies to reflect the infusion of English Renaissance style.
12 Camden 1980 HABS photograph November 11, 1971 Port Royal
38°09′48″N 77°09′41″W / 38.163228°N 77.161394°W / 38.163228; -77.161394 (Camden)
Caroline Two-story Italian villa featuring such 19th-century innovations as a central heating system, gas lights, inside toilets, and shower baths.
13 Camp Hoover Camphoover.jpg June 7, 1988 Graves Mill
38°29′30.7″N 78°25′15.5″W / 38.491861°N 78.420972°W / 38.491861; -78.420972 (Rapidan Camp)
Madison President Herbert Hoover's rustic presidential retreat, also known as Rapidan Camp.
14 Cape Henry Lighthouse CapeHenryTwoLighthouses.jpg January 29, 1964 Virginia Beach
36°55′26″N 76°00′30″W / 36.9239°N 76.0082°W / 36.9239; -76.0082 (Cape Henry Lighthouse)
Virginia Beach (independent city) First lighthouse to be erected by the Federal Government.
15 Carter's Grove Carter's Grove April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°12′25″N 76°37′29″W / 37.206981°N 76.624819°W / 37.206981; -76.624819 (Carter's Grove)
James City Georgian country house and plantation near Williamsburg.
16 Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation Bellegrove.JPG August 11, 1969 Middletown and Strasburg
39°10′03″N 78°18′03″W / 39.16750°N 78.30083°W / 39.16750; -78.30083 (Cedar Creek and Belle Grove)
Frederick and Warren Site of the American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek and the Belle Grove Plantation.
17 Christ Church, Alexandria Christchurchalexandria.jpg April 15, 1970 Alexandria
38°48′23″N 77°02′51″W / 38.806303°N 77.047517°W / 38.806303; -77.047517 (Christ Church (Alexandria))
Alexandria (independent city) 1773 Georgian brick church
18 Christ Church Christ church lancaster pulpit photo.jpg May 30, 1961 Irvington
37°40′37″N 76°25′07″W / 37.676806°N 76.418611°W / 37.676806; -76.418611 (Christ Church (Lancaster County))
Lancaster Example of British Colonial ecclesiastical architecture.
19 Confederate Capitol Virginia State Capitol.jpg December 19, 1960 Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°26′01″W / 37.5388°N 77.4336°W / 37.5388; -77.4336 (Confederate Capitol)
Richmond (independent city) From July 1861 to April 1865, the Confederate Congress met here; state capitol before and after the war
20 Charles Richard Drew House Charles-drew-house019.JPG May 11, 1976 Arlington
38°52′21″N 77°05′14″W / 38.8726°N 77.0872°W / 38.8726; -77.0872 (Drew, Charles Richard, House)
Arlington Home of Dr. Charles R. Drew, an African American physician and researcher whose leadership on stockpiling blood plasma saved lives in World War II
21 Drydock No. 1 DrydockNumber1.jpg November 11, 1971 Portsmouth
36°49′07″N 76°17′35″W / 36.8187°N 76.2931°W / 36.8187; -76.2931 (Drydock No. 1)
Portsmouth (independent city) Union frigate USS Merrimack was rebuilt by the Confederates in this drydock, becoming the ironclad CSS Virginia. Now part of Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
22 Egyptian Building Egyptian Building.JPG November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′18″N 77°25′45″W / 37.5384°N 77.4292°W / 37.5384; -77.4292 (Egyptian Building)
Richmond (independent city) First permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College
23 Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel 1985 HAER photograph October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°04′49″N 76°20′29″W / 37.080281°N 76.341514°W / 37.080281; -76.341514 (Eight-foot High Speed Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city) Wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Largely demolished.[5]
24 Elsing Green Elsinggreen.jpg November 11, 1971 Tunstall
37°36′09″N 77°03′04″W / 37.602444°N 77.051103°W / 37.602444; -77.051103 (Elsing Green)
King William Georgian plantation house built by Carter Braxton
25 Exchange 1968 HABS photograph November 11, 1971 Petersburg
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.230105°N 77.40445°W / 37.230105; -77.40445 (Exchange Building)
Petersburg (independent city) Two-story Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico.
26 Eyre Hall Eyre hall (dnr).jpg March 2, 2012 Cheriton
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.230105°N 77.40445°W / 37.230105; -77.40445 (Exchange Building)
Northampton A private plantation in the hands of the Eyre family since 1668.
27 Five Forks Battlefield Five forks.jpg December 19, 1960 Petersburg
37°08′21″N 77°37′23″W / 37.13927°N 77.62292°W / 37.13927; -77.62292 (Five Forks Battlefield)
Dinwiddie Site of Battle of Five Forks, where Lee's flank was turned, leading to virtual end of the American Civil War in 1865.
28 Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House Gerald Ford Home 2.jpg December 17, 1985 Alexandria
38°48′40″N 77°04′49″W / 38.811189°N 77.080263°W / 38.811189; -77.080263 (Gerald Ford House)
Alexandria (independent city) House of President Gerald R. Ford.
29 Fort Monroe Fort Monroe Aerial.jpg December 19, 1960 Hampton
37°00′13″N 76°18′27″W / 37.00361°N 76.30750°W / 37.00361; -76.30750 (Fort Monroe)
Hampton (independent city) Fort Monroe was completed in 1834, and is named in honor of U.S. President James Monroe. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided stone fort is the only one of its kind left in the United States that is still an active Army post.
30 Fort Myer Historic District Wright-Fort Myer.jpg November 28, 1972 Arlington
38°52′49″N 77°04′47″W / 38.880343°N 77.079735°W / 38.880343; -77.079735 (Fort Myer Historic District)
Arlington U.S. Army post adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery.
31 Franklin and Armfield Office Franklin-armfield-office.JPG June 2, 1978 Alexandria
38°48′07″N 77°03′17″W / 38.801911°N 77.054661°W / 38.801911; -77.054661 (Franklin & Armfield Office)
Alexandria (independent city) Largest slave trading firm in the antebellum South
32 Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel HAER photograph October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°04′52″N 76°20′30″W / 37.080999°N 76.341751°W / 37.080999; -76.341751 (Full Scale Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city) Full-scale wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Demolished in 2013.[6]
33 Gadsby's Tavern Gadsbys-tavern.JPG November 4, 1963 Alexandria
38°48′13″N 77°02′38″W / 38.803630°N 77.044001°W / 38.803630; -77.044001 (Gadsby's Tavern)
Alexandria (independent city) Original tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, and the United States. (Try Gadsby's Tavern Museum)
34 Ellen Glasgow House HABS photograph November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°26′42″W / 37.540934°N 77.445003°W / 37.540934; -77.445003 (Ellen Glasgpw House)
Richmond (independent city) Residence of author Ellen Glasgow
35 Carter Glass House 1976 HABS photograph December 8, 1976 Lynchburg
37°24′48″N 79°08′51″W / 37.413451°N 79.147488°W / 37.413451; -79.147488 (Carter Glass House)
Lynchburg (independent city) A home of influential congressman and senator Carter Glass
36 Green Springs Historic District NPS photograph May 30, 1974 Zion Crossroads
38°0′55″N 78°9′51″W / 38.01528°N 78.16417°W / 38.01528; -78.16417 (Green Springs Historic District)
Louisa Rural manor houses and related buildings.
37 Greenway Court HABS photograph October 9, 1960 White Post
39°02′40″N 78°07′09″W / 39.044366°N 78.119195°W / 39.044366; -78.119195 (Greenway Court)
Clarke Remnants of 5,000,000-acre (20,000 km2) estate of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only British peer in America, where George Washington worked as a surveyor
38 Gunston Hall Gunston hall loc tree.jpg December 19, 1960 Lorton
38°38′49.10″N 77°8′47.12″W / 38.6469722°N 77.1464222°W / 38.6469722; -77.1464222 (Gunston Hall)
Fairfax Home of the United States Founding Father George Mason.
39 Hampton Institute Hampton Institute - geography.jpg May 30, 1974 Hampton
37°01′17″N 76°20′14″W / 37.02128°N 76.33713°W / 37.02128; -76.33713 (Hampton University)
Hampton (independent city) Hampton University began in 1868 as a teacher training school to train young Black men and women.
40 Hanover County Courthouse HanoverCourthouseandMemorial.jpg November 7, 1973 Hanover Court House
37°45′40″N 77°22′03″W / 37.761204°N 77.367507°W / 37.761204; -77.367507 (Hanover County Courthouse)
Hanover This Georgian courthouse has been used continuously since its completion around 1735. It was here that, in 1763, Patrick Henry argued and won THE PARSON'S CAUSE, a case involving religious liberty in the Colony.
41 Holly Knoll-R. R. Moton House HOLLY KNOLL.jpg December 21, 1981 Capahosic
37°23′16″N 76°38′38″W / 37.387808°N 76.643858°W / 37.387808; -76.643858 (Holly-Knoll-Robert R. Moton House)
Gloucester Retirement home of Black educator Robert Russa Moton
42 The Homestead TheHomesteadFront.JPG July 17, 1991 Hot Springs
37°59′44″N 79°49′47″W / 37.995472°N 79.829644°W / 37.995472; -79.829644 (The Homestead)
Bath Example of Georgian and Colonial Revival architecture.
43 Humpback Bridge Humpback 1-1-.jpg October 16, 2012 Covington
37°48′02″N 80°02′49″W / 37.800597°N 80.047011°W / 37.800597; -80.047011 (Humpback Bridge)
Allegheny Oldest surviving covered bridge in Virginia; a rare example of a covered humpback bridge.
44 Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Jackson headquarters.png May 28, 1967 Winchester
39°11′17″N 78°09′58″W / 39.187947°N 78.166125°W / 39.187947; -78.166125 ("Stonewall" Jackson Headquarters)
Winchester (independent city) Confederate Major General Jackson lived here during the 1861–1862 winter
45 Jackson Ward Historic District 162560pr.jpg June 2, 1978 Richmond
37°32′54″N 77°26′27″W / 37.548333°N 77.440833°W / 37.548333; -77.440833 (Jackson Ward Historic District)
Richmond (independent city) A historically African-American neighborhood.
46 Kenmore 1983 HABS photograph April 15, 1970 Fredericksburg
38°17′35″N 77°27′59″W / 38.293155°N 77.466468°W / 38.293155; -77.466468 (Kenmore)
Fredericksburg (independent city) Home of Fielding Lewis
47 Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University Lee Chapel.jpg December 19, 1960 Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Lee Chapel, Washington And Lee University)
Lexington (independent city) Victorian Gothic brick chapel commemorates the years Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) served as president (1865–1870) of the college, then known as Washington College. Lee is buried in a chapel vault.
48 LIGHTSHIP NO. 101 "PORTSMOUTH" A Light Named Portsmouth.jpg May 5, 1989 Portsmouth
36°50′12″N 76°17′55″W / 36.836799°N 76.298616°W / 36.836799; -76.298616 (Lightship No. 101, Portsmouth)
Portsmouth (independent city) Lightship Portsmouth, commissioned as Lightship 101, was first stationed at Cape Charles, Virginia.
49 Lunar Landing Research Facility LunarLandingResearchFacility.GIF October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°06′01″N 76°23′23″W / 37.100276°N 76.389803°W / 37.100276; -76.389803 (Lunar Landing Research Facility)
Hampton (independent city) Crane at Langley Research Center used to practice Apollo lunar landings
50 Main Street Station and Trainshed Main Street Station.jpg December 8, 1976 Richmond
37°31′58″N 77°25′45″W / 37.532861°N 77.429203°W / 37.532861; -77.429203 (Main Street Station And Trainshed)
Richmond (independent city) Station is an example of Beaux-Arts influence, and the trainshed is one of the last gable-roofed trainsheds in America.
51 Marlbourne July 19, 1964 Richmond
37°39′15″N 77°13′21″W / 37.654203°N 77.222478°W / 37.654203; -77.222478 (Marlbourne)
Hanover Property of Confederate secessionist Edmund Ruffin
52 General George C. Marshall House Dodona Manor.JPG June 19, 1996 Leesburg
39°06′51″N 77°33′36″W / 39.114178°N 77.559959°W / 39.114178; -77.559959 (Marshall, Gen. George C., House)
Loudoun Last home of General George C. Marshall, who called it "Dodona Manor".
53 John Marshall House HABS photo December 19, 1960 Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°25′59″W / 37.540892°N 77.433085°W / 37.540892; -77.433085 (Marshall, John, House)
Richmond (independent city) Home of 4th Chief Justice John Marshall.
54 Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop Cyrus McCormick Farm - view from north in afternoon July 2012.JPG July 19, 1964 Steele's Tavern
37°56′02″N 79°13′04″W / 37.933889°N 79.217778°W / 37.933889; -79.217778 (Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop)
Rockbridge Home of the inventor of mechanical reaper.
55 Gari Melchers Home Gari Melchers Home.JPG December 21, 1965 Falmouth
38°19′30″N 77°28′23″W / 38.325028°N 77.472917°W / 38.325028; -77.472917 (Gari Melchers Home)
Stafford Residence and studio of painter Gari Melchers
56 Menokin VA-Menokin.jpg November 11, 1971 Warsaw
38°00′25″N 76°48′04″W / 38.006944°N 76.801111°W / 38.006944; -76.801111 (Menokin)
Richmond Home of Declaration of Independence signer Francis Lightfoot Lee.
57 Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House GENERAL BILLY MITCHELL HOUSE.jpg December 8, 1976 Middleburg
38°57′40″N 77°44′44″W / 38.961111°N 77.745556°W / 38.961111; -77.745556 (Gen. William Mitchell House)
Loudoun Residence of General William "Billy" Mitchell, advocate of military air power.
58 James Monroe Law Office Law office jmonroe.jpg November 11, 1966 Fredericksburg
38°18′01″N 77°27′42″W / 38.300194°N 77.461675°W / 38.300194; -77.461675 (Monroe Law Office)
Fredericksburg (independent city) James Monroe used this structure as a law office from 1786 to 1789.
59 James Monroe Tomb WP Commons photograph November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°31′59″N 77°27′20″W / 37.533154°N 77.455567°W / 37.533154; -77.455567 (Monroe, James, Tomb)
Richmond (independent city) Tomb with "flamboyant and delicate tracery in cast iron" of President James Monroe
60 Monticello Thomas Jefferson's Monticello Estate.jpg December 19, 1960 Charlottesville
38°0.5′N 78°27.2′W / 38.0083°N 78.4533°W / 38.0083; -78.4533 (Monticello (Thomas Jefferson House))
Albemarle Mansion of President Thomas Jefferson.
61 Montpelier Montpelier.jpg December 19, 1960 Orange
38°13′11″N 78°10′10″W / 38.219722°N 78.169444°W / 38.219722; -78.169444 (Montpelier (James Madison House))
Orange Residence of President James Madison.
62 Monument Avenue Historic District Mon-AveLee.jpg December 9, 1997 Richmond
37°33′37″N 77°28′15″W / 37.560194°N 77.470847°W / 37.560194; -77.470847 (Monument Avenue Historic District)
Richmond (independent city) Broad tree-lined avenue with several impressive memorials.
63 Monumental Church Monumental Church, Richmond, Virginia.jpg November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′13″N 77°25′48″W / 37.53699°N 77.430016°W / 37.53699; -77.430016 (Monumental Church)
Richmond (independent city) Early Greek Revival church.
64 Robert Russa Moton High School August 5, 1998 Farmville
37°17′28″N 78°23′52″W / 37.291111°N 78.397778°W / 37.291111; -78.397778 (Robert Russa Moton High School)
Prince Edward Site of a 1951 student strike that led to court case striking down the practice of "separate but equal" schools; now a museum
65 Mount Airy Mount Airy.jpg October 9, 1960 Warsaw
37°58′20″N 76°47′29″W / 37.97222°N 76.79139°W / 37.97222; -76.79139 (Mount Airy)
Richmond Stone plantation house. Burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee.
66 Mount Vernon Mtvernon1.jpg December 19, 1960 Alexandria
38°42′28″N 77°05′10″W / 38.7079°N 77.0861°W / 38.7079; -77.0861 (Mount Vernon)
Fairfax Plantation home of President George Washington.
67 Natural Bridge Natural Bridge VA size.JPG August 5, 1998 Natural Bridge
37°37′32″N 79°32′43″W / 37.625681°N 79.545173°W / 37.625681; -79.545173 (Natural Bridge)
Rockbridge Natural rock arch, once owned by Thomas Jefferson.
68 New Kent School and George W. Watkins School George W Watkins Elementary School.jpg August 7, 2001 New Kent and Quinton
37°31′56″N 77°08′29″W / 37.532222°N 77.141389°W / 37.532222; -77.141389 (New Kent School and George W. Watkins School)
New Kent Pair of schools that represent widespread token desegregation of southern schools in the decade after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education supreme court decision. Focus of 1968 Green v. County School Board, which was effective in bringing about real desegregation.
69 Oak Hill OakHillfront.jpg December 19, 1960 Leesburg
38°59′51″N 77°37′13″W / 38.997458°N 77.620403°W / 38.997458; -77.620403 (Oak Hill (James Monroe House))
Loudoun Residence of President James Monroe
70 Oatlands Oatlands Plantation.jpg November 11, 1971 Leesburg
39°02′27″N 77°37′02″W / 39.040833°N 77.617222°W / 39.040833; -77.617222 (Oatlands)
Loudoun Notable Federal-style mansion designed and built by George Carter.
71 Old City Hall 1981 HABS photograph November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′16″N 77°25′59″W / 37.5379°N 77.4331°W / 37.5379; -77.4331 (City Hall)
Richmond (independent city) Example of the High Victorian Gothic style.
72 Pear Valley Pear Valley.jpg March 11, 2013 Eastville
37°23′48″N 75°55′29″W / 37.396667°N 75.924722°W / 37.396667; -75.924722 (Pear Valley)
Northampton An early 18th century Chesapeake cottage.
73 Pentagon The Pentagon US Department of Defense building.jpg October 5, 1992 Arlington
38°52′16″N 77°03′21″W / 38.87099°N 77.05596°W / 38.87099; -77.05596 (Pentagon)
Arlington Building is symbolic of national military power.
74 Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield PETERSBURG BREAKTHROUGH BATTLEFIELD HISTORIC DISTRICT AT PAMPLIN HISTORICAL PARK.jpg February 17, 2006 Petersburg
37°11′22″N 77°28′33″W / 37.189444°N 77.475833°W / 37.189444; -77.475833 (Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield)
Dinwiddie Site of Union breakthrough that collapsed Confederate General Lee's fortifications from Petersburg to Richmond, on April 2, 1865.
75 Pittsylvania County Courthouse HABS photograph October 12, 1987 Chatham
36°49′24″N 79°23′54″W / 36.823411°N 79.398268°W / 36.823411; -79.398268 (Pittsylvania County Courthouse)
Pittsylvania In 1878, Judge J.D. Coles was arrested for excluding Black citizens from serving as jurors.
76 Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine October 12, 1994 Pocahontas
37°18′29″N 81°20′59″W / 37.308056°N 81.349722°W / 37.308056; -81.349722 (Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine)
Tazewell 1882 mine in the Pocahontas coalfield.
77 Poplar Forest Poplar Forest1.jpg November 11, 1971 Lynchburg
37°20′54″N 79°15′54″W / 37.34826°N 79.26495°W / 37.34826; -79.26495 (Poplar Forest)
Bedford Thomas Jefferson built this structure as a country retreat.
78 Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic District Potomac-Canal-Historic-District.JPG December 17, 1982 Great Falls
38°59′47″N 77°15′11″W / 38.996389°N 77.253056°W / 38.996389; -77.253056 (Potomac Canal Historic District)
Fairfax Remains of an impressively engineered canal built beside the falls of the Potomac.
79 Prestwould Prestwould.jpg July 31, 2003 Clarksville
36°39′19″N 78°34′14″W / 36.655278°N 78.570556°W / 36.655278; -78.570556 (Prestwould)
Mecklenburg Most intact and best documented plantation surviving in Southside Virginia.
80 Quarters 1 Quarters007.JPG November 28, 1972 Arlington
38°52′58″N 77°04′53″W / 38.882778°N 77.081389°W / 38.882778; -77.081389 (Quarters 1 (Fort Myer))
Arlington Residence of all U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff since 1910
81 Peyton Randolph House Peyton Randolph House.jpg April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′13″N 76°42′00″W / 37.270184°N 76.700131°W / 37.270184; -76.700131 (Peyton Randolph House)
Williamsburg (independent city) Home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
82 Virginia Randolph Cottage 1980 HABS photograph December 2, 1974 Glen Allen
37°39′40″N 77°28′56″W / 37.661124°N 77.482340°W / 37.661124; -77.482340 (Virginia Randolph Cottage)
Henrico Commemorates notable Black teacher Virginia E. Randolph (1874-1958).
83 Rendezvous Docking Simulator NASA photograph October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°05′02″N 76°22′41″W / 37.083828°N 76.378028°W / 37.083828; -76.378028 (Rendezvous Docking Simulator)
Hampton (independent city) Trainer used by Gemini and Apollo program astronauts to practice rendezvous and docking techniques at Langley Research Center
84 Reynolds Homestead December 22, 1977 Critz
36°38′32″N 80°08′55″W / 36.642298°N 80.148582°W / 36.642298; -80.148582 (Reynolds Homestead)
Patrick Home of R. J. Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
85 Ripshin Farm November 11, 1971 Trout Dale
36°41′53″N 81°24′26″W / 36.698056°N 81.407222°W / 36.698056; -81.407222 (Ripshin Farm)
Grayson Summer home of author Sherwood Anderson.
86 Rising Sun Tavern Rising sun tavern.jpg January 29, 1964 Fredericksburg
38°18′17″N 77°27′45″W / 38.304774°N 77.462402°W / 38.304774; -77.462402 (Rising Sun Tavern)
Fredericksburg (independent city) Tavern built by Charles Washington, youngest brother of George Washington
87 Rotunda, University of Virginia University of Virginia Rotunda.jpg December 21, 1965 Charlottesville
38°01′51″N 78°30′19″W / 38.030798°N 78.505222°W / 38.030798; -78.505222 (University Of Virginia Rotunda)
Charlottesville (independent city) Designed by Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death.
88 Sabine Hall HABS photograph April 15, 1970 Tappahannock
37°56′24″N 76°47′05″W / 37.940085°N 76.784799°W / 37.940085; -76.784799 (Sabine Hall)
Richmond Early Georgian two story brick mansion.
89 St. John's Episcopal Church StJohnsRichmond.JPG January 20, 1961 Richmond
37°31′46″N 77°25′11″W / 37.529539°N 77.419816°W / 37.529539; -77.419816 (St. John's Episcopal Church)
Richmond (independent city) Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech here.
90 Saint Luke's Church St Lukes Church Smithfield VA.jpg October 9, 1960 Smithfield
36°56′17″N 76°35′11″W / 36.938092°N 76.586276°W / 36.938092; -76.586276 (St. Luke's Church (Smithfield))
Isle Of Wight English room church with Gothic details
91 St. Peter's Parish Church St. Peter's Church, State Route 642, Tunstall vicinity (New Kent County, Virginia).jpg March 2, 2012 New Kent
37°32′25″N 77°03′23″W / 37.54034°N 77.05632°W / 37.54034; -77.05632 (St. Peter's Parish Church)
New Kent 1703 Episcopal church may have been where George and Martha Washington were married
92 Saratoga Saratoga November 7, 1973 Boyce
39°05′00″N 78°03′36″W / 39.08325°N 78.060028°W / 39.08325; -78.060028 (Saratoga)
Clarke Gray limestone Georgian house built by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, best known for his victory over the British at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
93 Sayler's Creek Battlefield Sayler'sCreekBattlefield 1936 LookingAcrossSaylersCreek cropped.jpg February 4, 1985 Farmville
37°19′04″N 78°14′02″W / 37.317778°N 78.233889°W / 37.317778; -78.233889 (Sayler's Creek Battlefield)
Amelia and Prince Edward Sites of Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, where 1/4 of Lee's army was cut off, three days before surrender at Appomattox
94 Scotchtown HABS photograph December 21, 1965 Ashland
37°50′40″N 77°35′04″W / 37.844361°N 77.584556°W / 37.844361; -77.584556 (Scotchtown (Patrick Henry House))
Hanover Plantation house of unusual size that was childhood home of Dolley Madison and later a home of Patrick Henry
95 James Semple House James Semple House April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′06″N 76°41′36″W / 37.268299°N 76.693322°W / 37.268299; -76.693322 (Semple, James, House)
Williamsburg (independent city) House likely designed by Thomas Jefferson; a relative of the Semples, President John Tyler resided here while attending school.
96 Shack Mountain Shack Mountain October 5, 1992 Charlottesville
38°05′32″N 78°30′04″W / 38.092208°N 78.501217°W / 38.092208; -78.501217 (Shack Mountain)
Albemarle Home of Fiske Kimball, author of Thomas Jefferson, Architect.
97 Shirley Shirley Plantation 2006.jpg April 15, 1970 Hopewell
37°21′21″N 77°14′39″W / 37.355833°N 77.244167°W / 37.355833; -77.244167 (Shirley)
Charles City Oldest plantation in Virginia.
98 Skyline Drive Skyline Drive near Big Meadow.jpg October 6, 2008 Luray
38°32′54″N 78°27′38″W / 38.548333°N 78.460556°W / 38.548333; -78.460556 (Skyline Drive Historic District)
Albemarle Road through the Shenandoah National Park
99 Spence's Point Spence's Point November 11, 1971 Westmoreland
38°04′46″N 76°33′26″W / 38.079444°N 76.557222°W / 38.079444; -76.557222 (Spence's Point (John Roderigo Dos Passos House))
Westmoreland Farm home of writer John Roderigo Dos Passos.
100 Stratford Hall StratfordHallPlantationEastGarden.jpg October 7, 1960 Lerty
38°08′59″N 76°50′23″W / 38.149801°N 76.839731°W / 38.149801; -76.839731 (Stratford Hall)
Westmoreland Notable example of early Georgian architecture. Birthplace of Robert E Lee.
101 Adam Thoroughgood House 1969 HABS photograph October 9, 1960 Virginia Beach
36°53′36″N 76°06′47″W / 36.893333°N 76.113056°W / 36.893333; -76.113056 (Adam Thoroughgood House)
Virginia Beach (independent city) One of the oldest brick houses in Virginia, built by Adam Thoroughgood.
102 Thunderbird Archeological District May 5, 1977 Limeton Warren Three archeological sites.
103 Tredegar Iron Works Alexander Gardner - 1865 - Tredegar (Detail of iron works).jpg December 22, 1977 Richmond
37°32′08″N 77°26′43″W / 37.535556°N 77.445278°W / 37.535556; -77.445278 (Tredegar Iron Works)
Richmond (independent city) One of the largest iron works from 1841 to 1865.
104 Tuckahoe Tuckahoe Plantation August 11, 1969 Manakin
37°34′14″N 77°39′11″W / 37.570472°N 77.653167°W / 37.570472; -77.653167 (Tuckahoe)
Goochland and Henrico Tuckahoe, owned by the Randolph family, was the home of president Thomas Jefferson for 7 years during his boyhood.
105 John Tyler House Sherwood Forest-1961.jpg July 4, 1961 Charles City
37°19′29″N 77°01′14″W / 37.324722°N 77.020556°W / 37.324722; -77.020556 (John Tyler House)
Charles City Residence of President John Tyler.
106 University Of Virginia Historic District University of Virginia West Lawn 1914.jpg November 11, 1971 Charlottesville
38°02′05″N 78°30′15″W / 38.034722°N 78.504167°W / 38.034722; -78.504167 (University of Virginia Historic District)
Charlottesville (independent city) District includes Jefferson's original "academical village" and the Rotunda.
107 Variable Density Tunnel NASA photograph October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°04′37″N 76°20′39″W / 37.076826°N 76.344153°W / 37.076826; -76.344153 (Variable Density Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city) Steel tank from a wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. (use source [1])
108 Virginia Governor's Mansion 2011-07-10 Virginia Executive Mansion.jpg June 7, 1988 Richmond
37°32′12″N 77°25′57″W / 37.536758°N 77.432498°W / 37.536758; -77.432498 (Governor's Mansion)
Richmond (independent city) State Executive Mansion.
109 Virginia Military Institute Historic District Barracks at Virginia Military Institute May 30, 1974 Lexington
37°47′25″N 79°26′09″W / 37.790278°N 79.435833°W / 37.790278; -79.435833 (Virginia Military Institute Historic District)
Lexington (independent city) First state-supported military college.
110 Maggie Lena Walker House Maggie L. Walker House NPS.jpg May 15, 1975 Richmond
37°32′45″N 77°26′17″W / 37.545927°N 77.438002°W / 37.545927; -77.438002 (Maggie Lena Walker House)
Richmond (independent city) Home of Maggie Lena Walker, first woman to establish an American bank.
111 Washington and Lee University Historic District WashingtonLeeUniversity.jpg November 11, 1971 Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.785508°N 79.442113°W / 37.785508; -79.442113 (Lee Chapel, Washington And Lee University)
Lexington (independent city) Neoclassical buildings that form one of the most dignified college campuses. Washington & Lee University
112 George Washington Boyhood Home Site Ferry Farm.jpg February 16, 2000 Fredericksburg
38°17′43″N 77°26′57″W / 38.295278°N 77.449167°W / 38.295278; -77.449167 (George Washington Boyhood Home Site)
Stafford Known locally as Ferry Farm.
113 Waterford Historic District Waterford, Virginia town center.jpg April 15, 1970 Waterford
39°11′12″N 77°36′36″W / 39.186667°N 77.61°W / 39.186667; -77.61 (Waterford Historic District)
Loudoun Picturesque village, oldest settlement in Loudoun County
114 Westover WestoverPlantationSEGL.jpg October 9, 1960 Charles City
37°19′58″N 77°10′23″W / 37.33278°N 77.17306°W / 37.33278; -77.17306 (Westover Plantation)
Charles City Plantation that is ancestral seat of the Byrd family
115 White House of the Confederacy WHC 1865 LC-B811- 3376.jpg December 19, 1960 Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°25′47″W / 37.538888°N 77.429738°W / 37.538888; -77.429738 (White House Of The Confederacy)
Richmond (independent city) Residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
116 Wickham-Valentine House The Wickham House, Richmond, VA.jpg November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′22″N 77°25′52″W / 37.539580°N 77.431118°W / 37.539580; -77.431118 (Valentine Museum)
Richmond One of Richmond's finest Federal residences.
117 Williamsburg Historic District Colonial Williamsburg Duke of Gloucester Street.jpg October 9, 1960 Williamsburg
37°15′45″N 76°41′59″W / 37.2625°N 76.69972°W / 37.2625; -76.69972 (Williamsburg Historic District)
Williamsburg (independent city) Capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1799.
118 Woodlawn Woodlawn August 2003 A.jpg August 5, 1998 Alexandria
38°43′00″N 77°08′10″W / 38.716667°N 77.136111°W / 38.716667; -77.136111 (Woodlawn)
Fairfax Flagship property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Try also Woodlawn
119 Woodrow Wilson Birthplace Wilson Birthplace Jan 2007.jpg July 19, 1964 Staunton
38°08′55″N 79°04′09″W / 38.148473°N 79.069136°W / 38.148473; -79.069136 (Woodrow Wilson Birthplace)
Staunton (independent city) Birthplace of President Thomas Woodrow Wilson.
120 Wren Building, College of William and Mary College of William and Mary Wren1 Williamsburg.jpg October 9, 1960 Williamsburg
37°16′08″N 76°42′33″W / 37.268973°N 76.709126°W / 37.268973; -76.709126 (Wren Building, College Of William And Mary)
Williamsburg (independent city) Wren Building at the College of William and Mary.
121 Wythe House GeorgeWythehouse.jpg April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′12″N 76°42′12″W / 37.269958°N 76.703284°W / 37.269958; -76.703284 (Wythe House)
Williamsburg (independent city) One of Virginia's finest Georgian brick townhouse and home of George Wythe.
122 Yeocomico Church YeocomicoChurch.jpg April 15, 1970 Tucker Hill
38°03′44″N 76°35′50″W / 38.062361°N 76.597139°W / 38.062361; -76.597139 (Yeocomico Church)
Westmoreland Significant example of transitional Colonial architecture.

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service[edit]

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are 13 of these in Virginia. The National Park Service lists these thirteen together with the NHLs in the state,[7] The Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park and the Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining 11 are:

Landmark name
Image Date established[8] Location County Description
1 Appomattox Court House National Historical Park 2006 photograph August 13, 1935 Appomattox Appomattox
2 Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial 2004 photograph March 4, 1925 Arlington Arlington
3 Booker T. Washington National Monument Booker T. Washington National Monument April 2, 1956 Hardy Franklin
4 Colonial National Historical Park 1995 HAER photograph December 30, 1930 James City, York and Williamsburg (independent city)
5 Cumberland Gap National Historical Park photograph June 11, 1940 (shared with Kentucky and Tennessee)
6 Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park 2007 photograph February 14, 1927 Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Spotsylvania Spotsylvania
7 George Washington Birthplace National Monument 2007 photograph January 23, 1930 Colonial Beach Westmoreland
8 Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Harpers ferry.jpg June 30, 1944 Harpers Ferry, WV (shared with Maryland and West Virginia)
9 Manassas National Battlefield Park cannon on battlefield May 10, 1940 Manassas Prince William Site of the First and Second Battles of Bull Run.
10 Petersburg National Battlefield re-enactors on Petersburg National Battlefield July 3, 1926 Petersburg, Hopewell, and more Petersburg (independent city), and Dinwiddie May include NHL Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield, and does include NHL Five Forks Battlefield, both listed above, as well as other area.
11 Richmond National Battlefield Park Battle of Cold Harbor March 2, 1936 Richmond, Virginia and environs Richmond (independent city) 30 sites of American Civil War battles, including Gaines 'Mill, Glendale, and Malvern Hill, all sites of battles during the 1862 Seven Days Battles, as well as the 1864 battles of Cold Harbor and New Market Heights

National Historic Landmarks formerly in Virginia[edit]

While no National Historic Landmarks in Virginia have been de-designated,[9] one has been moved out of the state.

Landmark name Image Date designated Date moved Locality County Description
1 USS Sequoia (presidential yacht) 1968 HABS photograph December 23, 1987 Now in the District of Columbia.[10]
2 N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship) NSsavannah-1962.jpg July 17, 1991 Newport News
39°15′31″N 76°33′19″W / 39.258488°N 76.555411°W / 39.258488; -76.555411 (N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship))
York First nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship; now berthed in Baltimore, Maryland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colors, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ a b c d National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  3. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  Retrieved on various dates, and other sources cited in the articles on each of the sites.
  4. ^ Bedini, Silvio A. (1999), The Life of Benjamin Banneker: The First African-American Man of Science, Second edition, Maryland Historical Society. ISBN 0-938420-59-3
  5. ^ http://www.nps.gov/nhl/Fall2013Nominations/EightFootHighSpeedTunnel.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.nasa.gov/centers/langley/about/demo060713.html
  7. ^ These are listed on p.117 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
  8. ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
  9. ^ No Virginia sites are listed at National Historic Landmarks de-designation list.
  10. ^ "USS Sequoia Presidential Yacht". Sequoia Presidential Yacht Group. Retrieved 2008-04-13. 

External links[edit]

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.