Shincliffe

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Shincliffe is a village in the County Durham in England. It is situated just over a mile to the south-east of Durham city centre, on the A177 road to Stockton. Shincliffe is also a civil and ecclesiastical parish consisting of Shincliffe Village, High Shincliffe, Sherburn House and Whitwell House.

Shincliffe Bridge over the River Wear

Shincliffe is regarded as one of the most affluent villages in Durham City and has been designated a conservation area to preserve its historic character.

In the Middle Ages Shincliffe was an agricultural community belonging to the Prior of Durham Cathedral. The population grew significantly due to coal mining at nearby Houghall, Old Durham and Shincliffe Colliery (now High Shincliffe) but declined following mine closures in the late 19th century.

Archaeology[edit]

Shincliffe is the site of a mediaeval bridge over the River Wear and archaeological investigations in 2005 suggest Shincliffe may have been the site of a Roman crossing.[1] Durham's first railway station opened at Shincliffe in 1839 as the passenger terminus between the Durham area and Sunderland but closed in 1893 once a line had been run from Sherburn House to Durham itself. A goods line continued to Houghall and Croxdale Colliery. In the 1920s, Back Lane along the eastern side of the village was enlarged to become a bypass for it.[2]

Religion[edit]

Shincliffe was an outlying part of the large Durham parish of St. Oswald's. A rectory was built in the village in 1800, and a Chapel of Ease in 1826. Shincliffe became a parish in its own right in 1831, however the Parish Church, St. Mary's, was not built until 1851. John Wesley preached in Shincliffe in 1780.[2] A (Wesleyan) Methodist Chapel opened in Shincliffe in 1874. William Sever, Bishop of Durham (1502-1505) was born in Shincliffe.

Businesses[edit]

Primarily a residential settlement, Shincliffe is nevertheless home to two pubs - The Seven Stars and The Rose Tree (although others also existed when the mines were open), and the Poplar Tree garden centre. The former Post Office is now a private home. Shincliffe Hall, a nearby woodland mansion which served as a Land Army hostel and University of Durham Hall of Residence during the Twentieth Century, was sold in 2005 to the owners of plumbing firm Accord Maintenance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "On verge of rewriting history". The Northern Echo. 2005-09-22. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  2. ^ a b "Rich seam of commuters turns village's fortunes". The Northern Echo. 2003-10-10. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°45.6′N 1°33.0′W / 54.7600°N 1.5500°W / 54.7600; -1.5500