Sāvakabuddha (Pāli) is a term used rarely in Theravada Buddhism to refer to an enlightened disciple of a Buddha. Such disciples are enlightened individuals who gain Nirvāṇa by hearing the Dhamma as initially taught by a Sammasambuddha. They might also lead others to enlightenment, but cannot teach the Dhamma in a time or world where it has been forgotten, because they depend upon a tradition that stretches back to a Sammasambuddha.
When the term Sāvakabuddha is used, it refers to a third type of Buddha, other than the Sammasambuddha and Paccekabuddha. The standard designation is Arhat, a holy man who has reached Nirvana by following the teachings of a Buddha. Buddhas are supposed to have reached Nirvana by their own efforts and insights. The term Savakabuddha is used in Theravadin commentaries, and does not occur in the scriptures of the Pali Canon.
Śrāvaka (Pāli: Sāvaka) literally means "one who hears" – a Buddhist who follows the path to enlightenment by means of hearing the instructions of others.
- Snelling, John (1987), The Buddhist handbook. A Complete Guide to Buddhist Teaching and Practice. London: Century Paperbacks. Page 81
- Udana Commentary, tr Peter Masefield, volume I, 1994, Pali Text Society, page 94; Theragatha commentary, PTS edition, volume I, page 10, not yet translated, cited by Pruitt in Journal of the Pali Text Society, volume XXIX, forthcoming
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