Sirinat National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sirinat National Park
อุทยานแห่งชาติสิรินาถ
IUCN category II (national park)
Nai Yang Beach, Phuket (4448621322).jpg
Hat Nai Yang
Map showing the location of Sirinat National Park
Map showing the location of Sirinat National Park
Park location in Thailand
Location Phuket Province, Thailand
Nearest city Phuket
Coordinates 8°5′17″N 98°17′46″E / 8.08806°N 98.29611°E / 8.08806; 98.29611Coordinates: 8°5′17″N 98°17′46″E / 8.08806°N 98.29611°E / 8.08806; 98.29611
Area 90 km2 (35 sq mi)
Established July 1981
Governing body Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation

Sirinat National Park (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติสิรินาถ) is a national park in Phuket Province, Thailand. This park, with sections on land and sea, is in the northwest of the island of Phuket.

Geography[edit]

Sirinat National Park is located in Thalang district, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Phuket town on the coastal section surrounding Phuket International Airport.

The park's total area is 90 square kilometres (35 sq mi), with 68 square kilometres (26 sq mi) of marine area and 22 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi) land-based.[1] The park comprises four main beaches: Hat Nai Thon, Hat Nai Yang, Hat Mai Khao, Hat Sai Kaeo. Hat Mai Khao is Phuket's longest beach.[1][2]

History[edit]

The park was originally known as Nai Yang National Park and designated Thailand's 51st national park on 13 July 1981. It was renamed Sirinat National Park in 1992.[1]

A 2014 Bangkok Post editorial said that "The latest questionable development in the sad saga of Sirinat National Park in Phuket province raises serious and vexing issues. Among the most pertinent is the old paradox of 'Who will watch the watchers?' The Royal Thai Navy has moved into the precious park on the pretext of providing security. But the threats to this little jewel of national land are not physical, and heavily armed military men provide no solution at all".[3]

Attractions[edit]

Sirinat National Park is best known for its well-preserved white sand beaches. Also, Hat Mai Khao and Hat Nai Yang are both sea turtle nesting areas. Between November and February sea turtles come to lay eggs on these beaches.[1]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The park's beach forests, approximately 2 square kilometres (0.77 sq mi) in area, consist of numerous tree species with the effect of providing a windbreak during tropical storms and stabilising the beach sands. Tree species include Common Ironwood, Tulip tree, tropical almond, White Barringtonia, Cajeput Tree, Alexandrian laurel, screwpine, Ashoka tree, black plum, elephant apple and morning glory.[1]

Beach forest birds include Magpie-robin, Common myna, Spotted dove, Asian Fairy-bluebird, Oriole, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo and some Bulbul species.[1]

Sirinat National Park also hosts a small area (1 square kilometre) of mangrove forest, located where freshwater and seawater mix in estuarine areas. Tree species here include red mangrove, white mangrove, black mangrove, cannonball mangrove, looking-glass mangrove and Ceriops. Other plant species include Rhizophora apiculata and Derris trifoliata.[1]

Mangrove forest birds include Collared Kingfisher, Terek Sandpiper, Bar-tailed Godwit, White-breasted Waterhen, Slaty-breasted Rail, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Brahminy Kite and Large-billed Crow.[1]

The mangrove forest hosts some reptiles such as monitor lizard, mangrove snake and turtle.

Mangrove marine life includes shrimp, mudskipper, mullet, grouper and garfish.

Coral reefs are located in the marine section of the park at a distance of 700 metres (2,300 ft) to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) offshore. Reef species include plate coral, soft coral, sea fan and sea anemone.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Sirinat National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Sirinat National Park". Tourism Authority of Thailand. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  3. ^ The fight to save Sirinat