List of national parks of Thailand

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Haeo Suwat waterfall in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand's first national park, designated in 1961.

National parks in Thailand (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติทางบก) are defined as an area that contains natural resources of ecological importance or unique beauty, or flora and fauna of special importance. Currently there are 102 national parks (including 21 marine national parks, อุทยานแห่งชาติทางทะเล). Often forest parks (วนอุทยานใน) are miscalled as national parks as well.

The parks are administrated by the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department (DNP), which is part of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). The department was newly created in 2002, and took over the national parks from the Royal Forest Department of the Ministry of Agriculture.

The first national park was Khao Yai in 1961, when the National Park Act B.E. 2504 was passed. The first marine park was Khao Sam Roi Yot, established in 1966. In 1993 the administration of the national parks was split into two divisions, one for the terrestrial and one for the Marine National Park Division (MNPD).[1]

Controversies about Thailand's national parks include excessive development and private concessions. Ko Samet, and other island-based national parks, are particularly impacted by private concessions, often in the form of excessive bungalow developments. Further, many of the northern parks are greatly impacted by illegal swidden farming and poaching.

There are 33 national parks and three marine parks in the process of creation, and are scheduled to be officially gazetted in the future.

National parks of Thailand[edit]

North[edit]

A view over Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park in Loei, Phitsanulok and Phetchabun provinces.
Wachirathan (lit. "Diamond Creek") waterfall on Doi Inthanon, the highest mountain in Thailand.
Great Hornbill flying in Khao Yai National Park
Name Province Area (km²) Date created
Thung Salaeng Luang Phitsanulok, Phetchabun
1,262.4
Nam Nao Phetchabun
966
Doi Inthanon Chiang Mai
482.4
1954
Doi Khun Tan Lamphun, Lampang
255.29
Lan Sang Tak
104
Ramkhamhaeng Sukhothai
341
1980
Doi Suthep-Pui Chiang Mai
261.06
Si Satchanalai Sukhothai
213.2
1981
Mae Ping Lamphun, Tak, Chiang Mai
1,003.75
Wiang Kosai Phrae, Lampang
410
Namtok Mae Surin Mae Hong Son
396.6
1981
Taksin Maharat Tak
149
1981
Khlong Lan Kamphaeng Phet
300
1985
Phu Hin Rong Kla Phitsanulok, Loei
307
1984
Mae Yom Phrae
454.75
Mae Wong Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan
894
1987
Namtok Chat Trakan Phitsanulok
543
Kaeng Chet Khwae Phitsanulok
261
Chae Son Lampang
592
1988
Sri Lanna Chiang Mai
1,406
Doi Luang Chiang Rai, Phayao, Lampang
1,170
Khlong Wang Chao Kamphaeng Phet, Tak
747
Op Luang Chiang Mai
553
1991
Sa La Win Mae Hong Son
721.52
Khun Chae Chiang Rai
270
1995
Huai Nam Dang Chiang Mai
1,252.12
Lam Nam Nan Phrae, Uttaradit
999.15
Tat Mok Phetchabun
290
Mae Moei Tak
185.28
Doi Phu Kha Nan
1,704
Mae Phang Chiang Mai
524
Phu Sang Chiang Rai, Phayao
284.88
Chiang Dao Chiang Mai
1,154.92
2000
Mae Wa Lampang, Tak
587
Tham Pla – Namtok Pha Suea Mae Hong Son
511
Mae Puem Chiang Rai, Phayao
350.948

North-East[edit]

Khao Yai National Park is the second largest in Thailand, covering an area of 2,168 square kilometers.
Name Province Area (km²) Date created
Khao Yai Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi
2,168.635
Phu Kradung Loei
348.12
Phu Phan Sakon Nakhon, Kalasin
664.70
Phu Ruea Loei
120.84
Tat Ton Chaiyaphum
217.18
Kaeng Tana Ubon Ratchathani
80
Thap Lan National Park Nakhon Ratchasima, Prachinburi
2,235.80
Phu Kao - Phu Phan Kham National Park Khon Kaen
322
Phu Chong-Na Yoi Ubon Ratchathani
686
Huai Huat National Park Nakhon Phanom, Sakon Nakhon, Mukdahan
828.56
Mukdahan National Park Mukdahan
48.5
Phu Wiang Khon Kaen
325
Phu Pha Man National Park Loei, Khon Kaen
340
Pha Taem National Park Ubon Ratchathani
350
Phu Sa Dok Bua Ubon Ratchathani, Yasothon, Mukdahan
231
Sai Thong Chaiyaphum
319
Na Haew Loei
117.16
Ta Phraya National Park Sakaeo, Buriram
594
Khao Phra Wihan National Park Ubon Ratchathani, Sisaket
130
Nam Phong Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphum
197

Western, Central and Eastern Thailand[edit]

Name Province Area (km²) Date created
Namtok Phlio Chanthaburi
134.5
Erawan Kanchanaburi
549.98
Khao Chamo-Khao Wong Rayong, Chanthaburi
83.68
Khao Khitchakut Chanthaburi
58.310
Chaloem Rattanakosin Kanchanaburi
59
Sai Yok Kanchanaburi
500
Thong Pha Phum Kanchanaburi
1120
Phra Puttachai Saraburi
44.57
Kaeng Krachan Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan
2,914.70
Khuean Srinagarindra Kanchanaburi
1,532
Pang Sida Sa Kaeo, Prachinburi
844
1982
Khao Laem Kanchanaburi
1,497
Phu Toei Suphanburi
317.48
Kui Buri Prachuap Khiri Khan
969
Ta Phraya Buriram, Sa Kaeo
594
1996
Phu Toei Suphanburi
317.48

South[edit]

Khao Sok National Park
Name Province Area (km²) Date created
Khao Luang Nakhon Si Thammarat
570
Khao Sok Surat Thani
738.74
1980
Khao Phanom Bencha Krabi
50.12
Khao Pu-Khao Ya Phattalung
694
Si Phang-nga Phang Nga
246.08
Namtok Yong Nakhon Si Thammarat
205
Khao Nam Khang Songkhla
212
Kaeng Krung Surat Thani
541
1990
Tai Rom Yen Surat Thani
425
1991
Bang Lang Yala
261
Namtok Ngao Ranong, Chumphon
668
Budo-Sungai Padi Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala
341
1974
Namtok Si Khid Nakhon Si Thammarat, Surat Thani
145
Khlong Phanom Surat Thani
410.40
2000
Sirinat Phuket
90
1981

Marine parks[edit]

Sunset at Mu Ko Surin National Marine Park in Phang Nga Province.
Phraya Nakhon Cave in Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park, Thailand's first national marine park.
One of the many beaches of Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
Name Province Area (km²) Date created
Khao Sam Roi Yot Prachuap Khiri Khan
98.08
1966
Ao Phang Nga National Park Phang Nga
400
1981[2]
Tarutao Satun
1,490.00
1976
Thaleban Satun
196.00
1980
Mu Ko Ang Thong Surat Thani
102.00
1980
Than Sadet-Ko Pha-Ngan Surat Thani
65.93
1983
Mu Ko Surin Phang Nga
135.00
1981
Sirinath Phuket
90.00
1981
Khao Laem Ya-Mu Ko Samed Rayong
131.00
1981
Hat Chao Mai Trang
230.87
1981
Mu Ko Similan Phang Nga
140.00
1982
Mu Ko Chang Trat
650.00
1982
Laemson Ranong
315.00
1983
Hat Nopparatthara-Mu Ko Phi Phi Krabi
387.90
1983
Mu Ko Phetra Trang, Satun
494.38
1984
Khao Lam Pee-Hat Thai Muang Phang Nga
72.00
1986
Ko Lanta Krabi
134.00
1990
Khao Lak-Lam Ru Phang Nga
125.00
1991
Hat Vanakorn
38.00
1992
Than Bokkhorani Krabi
104.00
1998
Mu Ko Chumphon Chumphon
317.00
1999
Lam Nam Kraburi Ranong
160.00
1999

Not yet gazetted[edit]

The beach at the under-development Hat Khanom - Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park.
A Siam Tulip (Curcuma alismatifolia) in the proposed Pa Hin Ngam National Park in Chaiyaphum Province.
Name Province Area (km²)
Mai Ta Khai Chiang Mai
Aob Khan Chiang Mai
Doi Wiang Pha Lampang
Tham Phathai Lampang
Doi Phaklong Phrae
Klong Tron Uttaradit
Sri Nan Nan
Doi Phu Nang Phayao
Mae Tho Chiang Mai
Namtok Pacharoen Tak
Kaeng Jegquar Phitsanulok, Uttaradit
Khun Khan Chiang Mai
Mae Ngao Mae Hong Son, Tak, Chiang Mai
Pa Mae Paem Chiang Rai, Phayao
Pu Soidao Uttaradit
Mae Charim Nan
Mae Wang Lampang, Lamphun
Mae Phasa Tak
Khunnan Nan
Nunthaburi Nan
Lam Klong Ngu Kanchanaburi
Namtok Klong Kaew Trat
Pa Hin Ngam Chaiyaphum
Phu Langka Mae Hong Son
Phu Pha Lek Sakon Nakhon, Ubon Ratchathani
Phu Lan Ka Chaiyaphum
Namtok Sai Khao Pattani, Yala, Songkhla
Khao Nan Nakhon Si Thammarat
Sun Gala Khiri Yala, Songkhla
Namtok Shipo Pattani, Narathiwat
Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan Ratchaburi
Hat Khanom - Mu Ko Thale Tai Nakhon Si Thammarat, Surat Thani
739

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meprasert, Somrudee; Oregon State University (2006). The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Tourism impacts and recovery progress in Thailand's marine national parks. ProQuest. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-0-542-96361-2. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  2. ^ Ao Phangnga was created by Royal decree and gazetted under proclamation number 98 section 64 of 29 April 1981

External links[edit]