Khuean Srinagarindra National Park

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Khuean Srinagarindra National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Srinagarindra dam lake.jpg
Srinagarind Reservoir
Map showing the location of Khuean Srinagarindra National Park
Map showing the location of Khuean Srinagarindra National Park
Park location in Thailand
Location Thailand
Nearest city Kanchanaburi
Coordinates 14°44′39″N 99°2′10″E / 14.74417°N 99.03611°E / 14.74417; 99.03611Coordinates: 14°44′39″N 99°2′10″E / 14.74417°N 99.03611°E / 14.74417; 99.03611
Area 1,532 km2 (592 sq mi)
Established December 1981
Governing body Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation

Khuean Srinagarindra (Thai: เขื่อนศรีนครินทร์), also known as Si Nakharin National Park, is a national park in Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. The park, centred on the Srinagarind Reservoir, is part of the Western Forest Complex protected area.

Geography[edit]

Khuean Srinagarindra National Park is located 105 kilometres (65 mi) northwest of Kanchanaburi town in Sai Yok, Si Sawat and Thong Pha Phum districts. The park's area is 1,532 square kilometres (592 sq mi).[1]

At the heart of the park is the Srinagarind Reservoir, a reservoir created by the damming of the Khwae Yai river by the Srinagarind Dam.[1]

History[edit]

The park's caves, particularly Tham Phra Prang, were used by Thai soldiers as a hiding place during the Thai - Burmese wars of the 18th century.[1]

Srinagarind Reservoir formed on completion of the Srinagarind Dam in 1980. On 23 December 1981, Khuean Srinagarindra was designated a national park.[2]

Attractions[edit]

Khuean Srinagarindra's most popular attraction is Huay Mae Khamin waterfall, a waterfall of seven levels which eventually flows to the Khwae Yai river. The waterfall stream's source is in the mountains in the east of the park. Other park waterfalls include Pha Sawan and Pha Tat.[1][2]

The park also contains numerous cave systems. The 150 metres (490 ft) long Tham Sawan features prehistoric cave paintings. Tham Neramit is dome-like in appearance and features stalactites and stalagmites. Tham Phra Prang, also featuring stalactites and stalagmites, hosts a Buddha image inside. Other caves include Tham Nam Mut and Tham Phra Kho.[1][2]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The park's mountain forests are evergreen and deciduous.[1]

Animal species include leopard cat, civet, slow loris, squirrels and bats. Bird life includes parakeets, kingfishers, orioles and barbets.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Khuean Srinagarindra National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Sri Nakarin National Park". Tourism Authority of Thailand. Retrieved 20 May 2013.