Soligalich

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Soligalich (English)
Солигалич (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Heating houses with Russian ovens in Soligalich city.JPG
View of Soligalich
Map of Russia - Kostroma Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kostroma Oblast in Russia
Soligalich is located in Kostroma Oblast
Soligalich
Soligalich
Location of Soligalich in Kostroma Oblast
Coordinates: 59°05′N 42°17′E / 59.083°N 42.283°E / 59.083; 42.283Coordinates: 59°05′N 42°17′E / 59.083°N 42.283°E / 59.083; 42.283
Coat of Arms of Soligalich (Kostroma oblast) (1779).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kostroma Oblast[1]
Administrative district Soligalichsky District[1]
Town of district significance Soligalich[1]
Administrative center of Soligalichsky District,[1] town of district significance of Soligalich[1]
Municipal status (as of March 2014)
Municipal district Soligalichsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Soligalich Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Soligalichsky Municipal District,[2] Soligalich Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 6,438 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Previous names Sol-Galitskaya[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 157170
Soligalich on WikiCommons

Soligalich (Russian: Солига́лич) is a town and the administrative center of Soligalichsky District in Kostroma Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kostroma River. Population: 6,438 (2010 Census);[3] 6,996 (2002 Census);[6] 7,456 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It originated as an important center of saltworks, which supplied with salt not only Russia but also much of Scandinavia. These saltworks were first mentioned in the testament of Ivan Kalita as Sol-Galitskaya (Соль-Галицкая, lit. salt of Galich).[citation needed]

By the end of the 14th century, the saltworks passed to the family of Dmitry Shemyaka, providing him with income required to wage prolonged wars for control of Moscow. It was in 1450 that both Galich and Soligalich were finally seized by Vasily II of the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

In the 16th century, the saltworks were exploited by the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius and five other monasteries. The settlement was repeatedly ravaged by Kazan Tatars and Udmurts.

In 1609, Soligalich became a voivode's seat. It was sacked by one of Polish units roaming Russia during the Time of Troubles. In 1649, the wooden town was destroyed by fire. Towards the end of the 17th century, half a dozen churches were rebuilt in brick, surviving to the present day.

In 1708, Soligalich became a part of Archangelgorod Governorate. Seven decades later, separate Kostroma Governorate was formed, with Soligalich as one of the uyezd centers.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Soligalich serves as the administrative center of Soligalichsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Soligalichsky District as the town of district significance of Soligalich.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Soligalich is incorporated within Soligalichsky Municipal District as Soligalich Urban Settlement.[2]

Tourism[edit]

The town is known as a minor spa, for it has mineral springs, silt and mud baths.

Notable people[edit]

Painter Grigory Ostrovsky was active in Soligalich; the only paintings known to be by his hand are currently held in the town's regional museum.

There is a monument to Gennady Nevelskoy, who was born in the vicinity.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #133-a
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #237-ZKO
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Администрация Костромской области. Постановление №133-а от 8 апреля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра населённых пунктов Костромской области». Вступил в силу 11 апреля 2014 г. Опубликован: "СП — нормативные документы", №15, 11 апреля 2014 г. (Administration of Kostroma Oblast. Resolution #133-a of April 8, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Inhabited Localities of Kostroma Oblast. Effective as of April 11, 2014.).
  • Костромская областная Дума. Закон №237-ЗКО от 30 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований в Костромской области и наделении их статусом», в ред. Закона №496-5-ЗКО от 28 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Костромской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований в Костромской области и наделении их статусом"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Северная Правда" ("Документы: СпецВыпуск"), №8, 26 января 2005 г. (Kostroma Oblast Duma. Law #237-ZKO of December 30, 2004 On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formations and on Granting Them Statuses, as amended by the Law #496-5-ZKO of February 28, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kostroma Oblast "On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formations and on Granting Them Statuses". Effective as of after 10 days following the official publication date.).

External links[edit]