Kostroma Governorate (Russian: Орловская губерния, Kostromskaya guberniya, Government of Kostroma), was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Russian Empire, which existed from 1796 to 1929. Its administrative center was in the city of Kostroma.
¹ Italics indicates renamed or abolished governorates, oblasts, etc on 1 January 1914.
² An asterisk (*) indicates governorates formed or created with renaming after 1 January 1914.
³ Ostsee or Baltic general-governorship was abolished in 1876.