||It has been suggested that this article be merged with sound card. (Discuss) Proposed since August 2013.|
A sound chip is an integrated circuit (i.e. "chip") designed to produce sound (see chiptune). It might be doing this through digital, analog or mixed-mode electronics. Sound chips normally contain things like oscillators, envelope controllers, samplers, filters and amplifiers.
- General Instrument
- Konami VRC6, used in certain Konami-produced Famicom cartridges.
- MOS Technology
- Texas Instruments
- Texas Instruments SN76477
- Texas Instruments SN76489 "DCSG", used in the Sega SG-1000, BBC Micro, and Texas Instruments TI-99/4a.
- Texas Instruments SN76489A "DCSG", used in the ColecoVision, Sega Master System, Sega Pico, Sega Game Gear, and Sega Mega Drive/Genesis.
- Texas Instruments SN76496, used in the Tandy 1000.
Wavetable Synthesis (WS)
Frequency modulation synthesis (FM synth)
- Yamaha YM2413 (a.k.a. OPLL), used in the MSX in MSX Music cartridges like the FM-PAC and internally in several Japanese models by Panasonic, Sony and Sanyo; also used in the Sega Mark III (Japanese version of the Master System)
- Yamaha YM2151 (a.k.a. OPM), used in the Sharp X68000 and the Yamaha SFG-01 and SFG-05 FM Sound Synthesizer Unit cartridges for the MSX as well as extensive use in mid 80's - early mid 90's Arcade games (the most prolific FM chip used in the arcade)
- Yamaha YM2203 (a.k.a. OPN), used in the PC-88 and in some Arcade games.
- Yamaha YM2608 (a.k.a. OPNA), used in the PC-88 and PC-98
- Yamaha YM2610 (a.k.a. OPNB), used in the SNK Neo Geo
- Yamaha YM2612 (a.k.a. OPN2), used in the Sega Mega Drive / Genesis and FM Towns
- Yamaha YM3526 (a.k.a. OPL)
- Yamaha YM3812 (a.k.a. OPL2), used in AdLib and early Sound Blaster sound cards
- Yamaha YMF262 (a.k.a. OPL3), used in Sound Blaster Pro 2.0 and later cards
- Yamaha YMF278 (a.k.a. OPL4), used in the Moonsound cartridge for the MSX
- Yamaha YMF288 (a.k.a. OPN3), used in the PC-98
- Yamaha YMF7xx (Embedded audio chipset in some laptops and soundcards)
Pulse-code modulation (PCM, sample-based)
- MOS Technology 8364 "Paula", used in the Commodore Amiga
- Sony SPC700, used in the Super Nintendo Entertainment System
- Ricoh RF5c68, used in the Fujitsu FM Towns computer and Sega arcade boards
- OKI MSM6258, used in the Sharp X68000
- Atari Jerry, used in the Atari Jaguar. Also supports FM and wavetable synthesis.
- Sound generators of the 1980s home computers - Has a list of chips, pictures, datasheets, etc.