South Tucson, Arizona
|South Tucson, Arizona|
|Motto: "The Pueblo Within A City"|
|Pima County and the state of Arizona|
|• Total||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|• Land||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,425 ft (739 m)|
|• Density||5,562.0/sq mi (2,139.2/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (no DST) (UTC-7)|
South Tucson is a city in Pima County, Arizona, United States and an enclave of the much larger city of Tucson. South Tucson is known for being heavily influenced by Hispanic, and especially Mexican, culture; restaurants and shops which sell traditional Mexican foods and other goods can be found throughout the city. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 5,562.
South Tucson is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all of it land. The city is an enclave entirely surrounded by the much larger city of Tucson.(32.196076, -110.968896).
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,490 people, 1,810 households, and 1,125 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,446.6 people per square mile (2,098.7/km²). There were 2,059 housing units at an average density of 2,042.7 per square mile (787.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.46% White, 2.31% Black or African American, 9.14% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 41.24% from other races, and 3.39% from two or more races. 81.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,810 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 20.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.83.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 112.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $14,587, and the median income for a family was $17,614. Males had a median income of $20,504 versus $14,575 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,920. About 43.5% of families and 46.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 61.2% of those under age 18 and 36.0% of those age 65 or over.
South Tucson was incorporated as a city in 1940 in an area south of the Tucson city limits. The city of Tucson now surrounds South Tucson because of later annexations.
South Tucson was incorporated as a city chiefly to take advantage of provisions in Arizona statutes of the time that permitted an incorporated city to have more alcohol licenses than comparable county areas and to permit dog racing to be allowed within city limits if regulated by the city.
In the 1950s and early 1960s, the American Automobile Association advised travelers to exercise extreme caution about speed limits and stop signs when traveling through South Tucson on their ways to and from California. The allegation of being a speed trap led to South Tucson receiving only a very short length of I-10 going through its boundaries in an area that must be accessed from onramps outside of South Tucson city limits, effectively eliminating policing abuses.
South Tucson has been struggling heavily with dangerously high crime rates. In most crime categories, South Tucson has higher 2006 crime rates than those of Camden, New Jersey, which is the United States's most dangerous city on Morgan Quitno's statistics. South Tucson (as a standalone city) has more than four times the United States average in larceny theft and aggravated assault. On the plus side, Murder and rape are at a considerably lower rate than Camden, and robbery is at essentially the same rate, although all these figures greatly exceed national averages.
There have been sizable advances in repressing criminal activity, due to use of "wolf pack" saturation tactics by the South Tucson Police Department in conjunction with the Arizona Department of Public Safety. Vigorous enforcement of liquor license laws has reduced the number of alcohol-related crimes. Neighborhood activism has considerably reduced the amount of open drug activity and a rising level of education of youth is making a slow impact on gang related activity.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arizona" (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 21, 2006. Retrieved November 14, 2006.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Arizona". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Crime Rate Comparison: Camden Vs. South Tucson, areaConnect, 2008. Accessed 2008-05-06.