Spencer Wells

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Spencer Wells
Spencer Wells.jpg
Spencer Wells
Born (1969-04-06) April 6, 1969 (age 45)
Marietta, Georgia, USA
Citizenship American
Fields Genetics
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin
Harvard University
Notable awards Kistler Prize (2007)

Spencer Wells (born April 6, 1969 in Marietta, Georgia, USA) is a geneticist and an Explorer-in-Residence at the National Geographic Society, and Frank H.T. Rhodes Class of '56 Professor at Cornell University. He leads The Genographic Project.

Biography[edit]

Youth and education[edit]

Born in Marietta, Georgia, Wells grew up in Lubbock, Texas.[1] He obtained a Bachelor of Science in Biology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1988, and a Ph.D. in Biology from Harvard University in 1994. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University between 1994 and 1998, and a research fellow at the University of Oxford between 1999 and 2000.

Career[edit]

Spencer Wells at the TED Global conference in Arusha, Tanzania in 2007

Wells did his Ph.D. work under Richard Lewontin, and later did postdoctoral research with Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza and Sir Walter Bodmer. His work, which has helped to establish the critical role played by Central Asia in the peopling of the world, has been published in journals such as Science, American Journal of Human Genetics, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

He wrote the book The Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey (2002),[2] which explains how genetic data has been used to trace human migrations over the past 50,000 years, when modern humans first migrated outside of Africa. According to Wells, one group took a southern route and populated southern India and southeast Asia, then Australia. The other group, accounting for 90% of the world's non-African population (some 5.4 billion people as of 2014), took a northern route, eventually peopling most of Eurasia (largely displacing the aboriginals in southern India, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia in the process), North Africa and the Americas. Wells also wrote and presented the 2003 PBS/National Geographic documentary of the same name. By analyzing DNA from people in all regions of the world, Wells has concluded that all humans alive today are descended from a single man who lived in Africa around 60,000 – 90,000 years ago, a man also known as Y-chromosomal Adam.[3]

Since 2005, Wells has headed The Genographic Project, undertaken by the National Geographic Society, IBM, and the Waitt Family Foundation,[4] which aims to creating a picture of how our ancestors populated the planet by analyzing DNA samples from around the world.[5] He presents the knowledge gained from the project around the world, including at the 2007 TED conference, where he spoke specifically about human diversity.[6]

As director of the Genographic Project he said this about the possibility of two human species living today together[clarification needed]: "We don't know how long it takes for hominids to fission off into separate species, but clearly they were separated for a very long time".[7] This question may be estimated by comparing other species with similar speed of reproduction.[8]

He was a keynote speaker at the Science & Technology Summit in The Hague on November 18, 2010. Wells also gave the keynote address at the University of Texas College of Natural Sciences commencement exercises on May 21, 2011.

He was one of the keynote speakers at the Southern California Genealogical Society (SCGS) Jamboree that was co-sponsored by the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) on June 3, 2013. The focus was on Family History and DNA: Genetic Genealogy in 2013 and has the following blurb:

Since 2005, the Genographic Project has used the latest genetic technology to expand our knowledge of the human story, and its pioneering use of DNA testing to engage and involve the public in the research effort has helped to create a new breed of "citizen scientist." Geno 2.0 expands the scope for citizen science, harnessing the power of the crowd to discover new details of human population history.[9]

Awards[edit]

Books[edit]

  • The Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey, 2002 (Penguin, UK; Princeton University Press and Random House, US; Fischer Verlag, Germany; Longanesi, Italy; Oceano, Spain/Latin America; Ucila International, Slovenia; Dokoran, Czech Republic; Akkord, Hungary; Oriental Press, China; Basilico, Japan; ScienceBooks, Korea; Yurt, Turkey; CD Press, Romania; Alpina, Russia)
  • Deep Ancestry: Inside the Genographic Project, 2006 (National Geographic)
  • Pandora's Seed: The Unforeseen Cost of Civilization,[10] 2010 (Random House, US; Penguin, UK; Contact, Netherlands; Codice, Italy; Eksmo, Russia; Nika Center, Ukraine; Commonwealth, Taiwan; Eulyoo, Korea; Kagaku-Dojin, Japan; Shanghai BBT, China)

Films[edit]

  • 2000 – The Difference (Channel Four, UK)
  • 2002 – The Real King and Queen (Discovery Channel)
  • 2003 – Journey of Man (PBS/National Geographic Channel) – CINE Golden Eagle award
  • 2004 – Quest for the Phoenicians (PBS)
  • 2005 – Search for Adam (National Geographic Channel)
  • 2007 – China's Mystery Mummies (National Geographic Channel) – nominated for Outstanding Historical Programming Emmy
  • 2009 – The Human Family Tree (National Geographic Channel) – nominated for Outstanding Science and Technology Programming Emmy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wells, Spencer The Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey (Random House, 2003), p. 93; originally published by Princeton University Press, 2002.
  2. ^ The journey of man: a genetic odyssey – by Spencer Wells – Princeton University Press, 2002 (Digitised online by Google Books), ISBN 0-8129-7146-9
  3. ^ "Documentary Redraws Humans' Family Tree". News.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Waitt Foundation". Waitt Foundation. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  5. ^ Wells, Spencer (July 2007). "Out of Africa". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Spencer Wells builds a family tree for humanity". TED (conference). Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  7. ^ Rincon, Paul (April 24, 2008) Human line 'nearly split in two'. BBC
  8. ^ Chen, Fc; Li, Wh (2001). "Genomic divergences between humans and other hominoids and the effective population size of the common ancestor of humans and chimpanzees". American Journal of Human Genetics 68 (2): 444–56. doi:10.1086/318206. ISSN 0002-9297. PMC 1235277. PMID 11170892. 
  9. ^ Wells, Spencer (2013). "The Genographic Project and the Rise of Citizen Science". Southern California Genealogical Society (SCGS). Retrieved July 10, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Pandora's Seed". facebook.com/pandorasseed. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 

External links[edit]