St. Lucie River
The St. Lucie River is a 7-mile-long (11 km) estuary linked to a coastal river system in St. Lucie and Martin counties in the U.S. state of Florida. Its North Fork flows south from St Lucie County into Martin County where it joins the north-flowing South Fork, which was once called the Halpatiokee River, just south of the old Roosevelt Bridge (Old Dixie Highway) in Stuart to form the main St. Lucie River. It then passes under the Florida East Coast Railway drawbridge and the new high-level Roosevelt Bridge (U.S. Route 1) and flows east with Rio on the north side and Stuart on the south until it reaches the northern end of the Sewall's Point peninsula, where it runs south under the Evans Crary Bridge to the end of Sewall's Point, where it flows into the Indian River Lagoon directly west of the St. Lucie Inlet which goes into the Atlantic Ocean. The entire river is accessible to Lake Okeechobee by the Okeechobee Waterway.
The main river passes through Sewall's Point, Port Salerno, Stuart, and Jensen Beach. The South Fork passes through Palm City. Although brackish for most of its length, the salt content of the South Fork diminishes considerably south of the Kanner Highway bridge. The headwaters of the South Fork are located in ranchland and scrub forest, primarily to the east of I-95 and northwest of Hobe Sound. The North Fork passes through Port Saint Lucie and White City. A Club Med resort lies on the eastern shore of the North Fork of the river at Greenridge Point. The North Fork is brackish along most of its length, but takes on the character of a fresh-water creek from White City northward. The headwaters of the North Fork are in the farmlands of St. Lucie County near Interstate 95 at an elevation of 20 feet (6 m) above sea level.
Historic modifications to St. Lucie River, most notably digging of the Okeechobee Waterway (C-44 Navigational Canal), connections with the C-24 and C-23 drainage canals, and the associated water control structures, have had impacted water quality throughout the river basin. Intermittent freshwater discharges from Lake Okeechobee have negatively affected the river itself and the connected Indian River Lagoon. The impact takes several forms. First, this water tends to be rich in nutrients as a result of agricultural runoff, and thus has a tendency to cause algae blooms and other imbalances. Second, it contains pollutants found in street runoff and other urban sources, which are carried south by the Kissimmee River from the southern Orlando suburbs into Lake Okeechobee. Third, it is a source of turbidity and particulates that settle along the river bottom as a layer of muck. Finally, the discharges radically reduce salinity levels, making the river temporarily uninhabitable by fauna and flora that are intolerant to fresh water. In 2013 heavy rains in southern Florida resulted in high runoff into the lake; rising lake levels forced the Army Corp of Engineers to release large volumes of polluted water from the lake through the St. Lucie River estuary to the east and the Caloosahatchee River estuary to the west. Thus the normal mix of fresh and salt water in those estuaries was replaced by a flood of polluted fresh water resulting in ecological damage.
List of crossings
This is the list of bridges crossing the river, starting with the North Fork, then going down the main river, and then jumping back to where the South Fork joins the North Fork to form the main river and going south up the South Fork.
|CR 712 Midway Road west of Florida's Turnpike||Fort Pierce|
|Florida's Turnpike||Fort Pierce|
|Interstate 95||Fort Pierce|
|Selvitz Road||Fort Pierce|
|Florida East Coast Railway "K" Subdivision||Fort Pierce|
|State Road 615 Hawley Road||Fort Pierce|
|CR 712 Midway Road west of Sunrise Blvd.||Fort Pierce|
|Prima Vista Boulevard State Road 778||Port St. Lucie-River Park|
|State Road 716 Port St. Lucie Blvd.||Port St. Lucie|
|old Roosevelt Bridge drawbridge||State Road 707 Old Dixie Highway||Stuart|
|Florida East Coast Railway Flagler Subdivision drawbridge||Stuart|
|new Roosevelt Bridge fixed span||U.S. Route 1/State Road 5||Stuart|
|Evans Crary Bridge fixed span||State Road A1A S.E. Ocean Blvd.||Sewall's Point|
|Palm City Bridge fixed span||State Road 714 Monterey Rd, Martin Downs Blvd.||Stuart to Palm City|
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed April 18, 2011
- Lizette Alvarez (September 8, 2013). "In South Florida, a Polluted Bubble Ready to Burst". The New York Times. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- List of bridges and locks on Okeechobee Waterway from Stuart to Ft. Myers
- St. Lucie River Watershed - Florida DEP