St Thomas' Church, Lancaster
|St Thomas' Church, Lancaster|
Architects' drawing 1852–53
|OS grid reference||SD 477,614|
|Location||Marton Street, Lancaster, Lancashire|
|Website||St Thomas, Lancaster|
|Founded||3 March 1840|
|Consecrated||14 June 1841|
|Heritage designation||Grade II|
|Designated||13 March 1995|
E. G. Paley
|Spire height||120 feet (36.6 m)|
|Materials||Sandstone, slate roofs|
|Parish||St Thomas, Lancaster|
|Vicar(s)||Revd Jonathan Scamman|
|Curate(s)||Revd Craig Abbott|
|Director of music||Martin Walmsley|
|Parish administrator||David Cumming|
St Thomas' Church, Lancaster is located in Marton Street, Lancaster, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Lancaster, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the diocese of Blackburn. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.
St Thomas' was built between 1840 and 1841 to a design by the local architect Edmund Sharpe. One of the subscribers to the church was Queen Victoria who, as Duchess of Lancaster, contributed £150 (£11,800 in 2015). The land was given by George Marton of Capernwray Hall, and Elizabeth Salisbury made an endowment of £1,100. As originally planned, the church was intended to seat 1,100 people. The foundation stone was laid on 3 March 1840, the church opened for worship on 14 April 1841, and it was consecrated on 14 June by Rt Revd John Bird Sumner, Bishop of Chester. In 1852–53 Sharpe's successor, E. G. Paley added the northeast steeple and the chancel in a similar architectural style.
The authors of the Buildings of England series state that the church has "a grand approach up steps with imposing gatepiers". It is constructed in sandstone ashlar with slate roofs in Early English style. Its plan consists of a six-bay nave with north and south aisles under three gabled roofs; the nave is extended one bay to the west to form a narthex. At the east end is a two-bay chancel with a steeple in the angle between the north aisle and the chancel. The lower part of the steeple has two square stages, with buttresses and a stair turret. Above the level of the aisle it becomes octagonal with louvred bell openings. The spire is also octagonal, with two tiers of lucarnes, a finial and an iron cross. A plain parapet runs along the tops of the eaves and gables. In the west front are five tall stepped lancet windows under which is a triple doorway. On each side of the front are buttresses that rise up to turrets with finials. There are more lancet windows around the church, with a triple lancet at the east end.
Inside the church are galleries on three sides supported by cast iron columns. A brass dated 1881 was produced by Shrigley and Hunt. The arms of Queen Victoria are on the west gallery. The stained glass in the east window is by William Warrington, and the tiles on the chancel floor and in the reredos are by Mintons. The pulpit and other furnishings are by James Rattee of Cambridge, and the organ case was made by James Hatch. The three-manual pipe organ was built in 1852 by John Banfield, rebuilt in the 1880s by Richard Tubbs and, between 1920 and 1940, was rebuilt again and moved to its present position at the northeast of the nave by Jardine and Company.
- Lancaster, St Thomas, Church of England, retrieved 31 March 2010
- English Heritage. "Church of St Thomas, Lancaster (1195066)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 372.
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- Hughes 2010, pp. 171–172.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 212.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 216.
- Lancashire, Lancaster, St. Thomas, Penny Street (N10686), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 28 July 2011
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) , Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9
- Hughes, John M. (2010), Edmund Sharpe: Man of Lancaster, John M. Hughes