Stallingborough

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Stallingborough
Stallingborough Church - geograph.org.uk - 67491.jpg
Church of St Peter & St Paul, Stallingborough
Stallingborough is located in Lincolnshire
Stallingborough
Stallingborough
 Stallingborough shown within Lincolnshire
Population 1,195 
OS grid reference TA203118
   – London 150 mi (240 km)  S
Unitary authority North East Lincolnshire
Ceremonial county Lincolnshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GRIMSBY
Postcode district DN41
Dialling code 01472
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Cleethorpes
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 53°35′20″N 0°11′01″W / 53.589°N 0.1837°W / 53.589; -0.1837

Stallingborough is a village and civil parish in North East Lincolnshire, England.

Geography[edit]

The civil parish of Stallingborough is located in the county of North East Lincolnshire between Immingham and Grimsby. The parish extends about 6 km from the coast. To the north east the parish is bounded by the Humber estuary; south east is the parish of Healing, with the Oldfleet drain forming most of the boundary; to the north west is the parish of Immingham with the North Beck Drain forming the northern part of the boundary; the parishes of Keelby and Riby are to the south west and south respectively. The area is predominately low-lying: the land north east of Stallingborough village is below 5 metres (16 ft) elevation; south west of the village the land rises to 16 metres (52 ft) above sea level.[1] A minor landmark is a former cereal mill, south of the village.[2]

Stallingborough village is the only settlement of any note in the parish, apart from industrial buildings; the small hamlet of Little London is to the west of the village. Land use is predominately agricultural, with drained enclosed fields; near the Humber estuary foreshore there are industrial developments.[1] There is a large industrial estate in the north of the parish;[1] two chemical plants are located near the estuary foreshore: Cristal's Stallingborough plant (also known as the Battery Works, the former Millennium Inorganic Chemicals, or Laporte plc plant); and Synthomer's Stallingborough plant. The 1.28 GW South Humber Bank gas fired power station is adjacent to Synthomer's plant.

An industrial freight railway line to Immingham Docks (the former Grimsby and Immingham Electric Railway), the A180 road, the Barton Line (the former Great Grimsby and Sheffield Junction Railway, opened 1845), and the B1210 road run through the parish parallel to the coast (in order from north to south).[1]

At the 2011 census the parish population was 1226.[3]

Stallingborough village[edit]

Stallingborough village amenities include a public house, village hall, a Church of England primary school, a Montessori nursery and primary school, two retirement homes,[citation needed] and the church of St Peter and St Paul.[4][n 1]

Stallingborough is served by Stallingborough railway station (Barton line) and connected to the road network by the A1173 and B1210.[1]

History[edit]

Prehistory-1840[edit]

The area around Stallingborough may have been inhabited in prehistoric times; south east of the village there is evidence of an Iron Age complex of enclosures.[5]

Stallingborough is recorded as a manor (as "Stalinburg" or "Stalingeburg") in the 11th century Domesday Book.[6] The medieval village of Stallingborough was to the west of the modern village, and south of the 18th century church. The rights to hold a market and annual fair were granted by Henry III (13th century). Before the Black Death of the mid 14th century, the village had 50-60 households. This substantially decreased after the plague, but recovered to around 150 households by the mid 16th century. The medieval village is evidenced by earthworks,[7] as well as cropmarks of fishponds,[8] remains of ridge and furrow farming to the north,[9] and a medieval cross in the churchyard of the modern church.[10]

The medieval hagiography, On the Resting-Places of the Saints records that Stallingborough is the burial place of the Anglo-Saxon Saint Avbur.[11][12] A chapel to St Avbur is mentioned in a will of Ric[hard] Hooton of Stallingborough dated 1530.[13]

The village was also the site of a manor house, and associated formal gardens (post medieval, probably early 17th century).[14] The medieval church collapsed in 1746,[15] and the manor house was demolished in the same period. Enclosure in the 18th century reduced the population again, to around 67 households by 1758.[7] St Peter & St Paul's Church was built in brick in 1779-81.[16] In 1801 the village had a population of 274 in 59 houses,[7] in 1821 343 persons in 63 houses.[17] An 18th century extension of the Manor House, known as Stallingborough House, survived until the 1840s, when it was also demolished.[7]

1840-1950[edit]

Stallingborough railway station and the Great Grimsby and Sheffield Junction Railway opened around 1848, passing through the northern part of the village.

A fixed lighthouse (Stallingborough Light) was built in 1849 (lat. 53°37'), located in the Ferry House on the east bank of the outlet onto the Humber of the North Beck Drain.[18][19][20]

In about 1860 the Hull Citadel was decommissioned, and new gun batteries constructed to replace it; the major works was the fort at Paull on the north bank of the Humber; at Stallingborugh a battery of 6 guns was built.[21][n 2][22]

In about 1887 the village included the church and vicarage, a smithy, and a Wesleyan and a Primitive Methodist Chapel, with the railway passing north of the church; the village extended to the north of the railway line, including the Green Man Inn, a manor house, and various dwellings spread along the main road. The extent of development of the village remained mostly unchanged until after the Second World War.[23] The Grimsby and Immingham Electric Railway was built through the northern part of the parish in 1912.

Gun batteries were also installed on the Humber foreshore at Stallingborough in the first and second world wars.[22] During the First World War Stallingborough battery had two 6 inch breech-loading Mk VII guns;[24] the First World War fort is evidenced by a pillbox.[25] There was also a 3,000 feet (910 m) airfield (closed 1919) used by a flight of No. 251 Squadron RAF which carried out marine patrols with Airco DH.6 planes.[26] During the Second World War the site was again used, with 4.7 inch quick-firing gun and a searchlight.[24][27] There was also an anti aircraft battery at Little London, with positions for four guns.[28] Post war a location near the Little London site was used as a Royal Observer Corps monitoring post.[29]

1950-present[edit]

In 1953 National Titanium Pigments Ltd (or Laporte Titanium Ltd) established a titanium dioxide manufacturing plant on the site of the former gun battery. The plant became known as the Battery works) Through the latter part of the 20th century the plant was expanded and modernised, later becoming part of SCM Corporation (1983), Hanson plc (1986), Millennium Chemicals (1996), and Cristal (2007).[30] In the 1960s a number of companies (Doverstrand, Revertex, Harco) developed chemical plants producing synthetic lattices and resins at a site south east of the Battery Works, also on the estuary foreshore. After a series of company reorganisations and takeovers, the works were organised under a single company, Synthomer, by 2002.[31]

The village of Stallingborough underwent some minor housing development in the second half of the 20th century. By the end of the 1970s small cul-de-sac developments had been built south of the railway line off Station Road, with further small developments towards the end of the century.[32] The B1210 to the south of the village was built c.1960.[32] The A180 road was built in the 1970s, and passes through the north of parish,[33][32]

On 14 June 1966, a Royal Air Force Vickers Varsity trainer from RAF Lindholme collided with a Cessna 337A aircraft at about 6,500 feet (2,000 m) close to the village, killing two people. Five people survived the accident. The Varsity, with three crew and three student navigators, landed in a field, with its nose and wing ripped off by a tree. The Cessna broke up in the air following the collision.[citation needed]

From the 1970s a large industrial estate was developed in the north of the parish (North Moss Lane Industrial Estate, Kiln Lane Trading Estate), south west of the Battery Works.[34]

In the 1990s "Dash for gas" the 1.26 GW South Humber Bank Power Station was constructed adjacent to the Synthomer chemical plant in two phases from 1997 to 1999.[35]

In 2006 a training centre for the chemical industry, CATCH ("Centre for Assessment and Technical Competence Humber") opened at Stallingbrough industrial estate.[36]

In 2007 planning permission was given to construct 35 houses at Poaches Rise, south of Station Road south west of the station.[37] In 2008 planning permission was given to construct 43 houses (Saxonfields Drive) in the south of village near the B1210 roundabout.[38] Houses were built at both sites.

People associated with Stallingborough[edit]

See also[edit]

  • The title Viscount Addison of Stallingborough was created in 1945.
  • Stallinborugh is mentioned as the dominion of Witlaf Stalling, in the legendary 13th century tale Havelok the Dane

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The church is in the Haverstoe Deanery and is in The Keelby Group.
  2. ^ See Ordnance Survey Sheet 241SW 1952 edition. The fort was omitted from earlier editions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Ordnance Survey 2006 1:25000
  2. ^ The Mill (497869). PastScape. English Heritage.
  3. ^ Area: Stallingborough - Key Figures for People and Society: Population and Migration, Office for National Statistics, 2011 
  4. ^ St Peter & St Paul, Stallingborough, Church of England 
  5. ^ Iron Age/Roman enclosure complex (1566520). PastScape. English Heritage.
  6. ^ "Stallingborough", domesdaymap.co.uk 
  7. ^ a b c d English Heritage. "Stallingborough medieval settlement, post-medieval manor house and formal gardens (1020423)". National Heritage List for England. 
  8. ^ Probable Medieval fishponds (80456). PastScape. English Heritage.
  9. ^ Medieval ridge and furrow (80479). PastScape. English Heritage.
  10. ^ Medieval churchyard cross (80465). PastScape. English Heritage.
  11. ^ Stowe MS 944, British Library
  12. ^ Hickes, G. (1703), Dissertatio Epistolaris in Linguarum veterum septentrionalium thesaurus grammatico-criticus et archeologicus, Oxford, p. 115 
  13. ^ Foster, C.W., ed. (1918), Lincoln Wills, 2 (AD 1505-1530), Lincoln Record Society, pp. 196–197 
  14. ^ STALLINGBOROUGH (80459). PastScape. English Heritage.
  15. ^ Topographer April 1791, p. 238.
  16. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St. Peter and St. Paul (1346978)". National Heritage List for England. 
  17. ^ Allen, Thomas (1834), The History of the County of Lincoln,: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time 2, p. 232 
  18. ^ Davenport Adams, William Henry (1870), Lighthouse and lightships, p. 294 
  19. ^ "Part III East Coast of England", North Sea Pilot (2nd ed.) (Lord Commissioners of the Admiralty), 1869: 95–96 
  20. ^ Ordnance Survey Sheet 14SW 1887
  21. ^ Sheahan, James Joseph (1864), General and concise history and description of the town and port of Kingston-upon-Hull, pp. 274–275 
  22. ^ a b Salter, H.L. (2012), Gateways: The Story of Laporte 1888-1988, pp. 261–262 
  23. ^ Ordnance Survey 21NE 1887, 1905, 1946
  24. ^ a b Stallingborough Battery (1429224). PastScape. English Heritage.
  25. ^ World War I pillbox (1419809). PastScape. English Heritage.
  26. ^ Greenland Top Airfield (1512204). PastScape. English Heritage.
  27. ^ Second World War coast battery searchlight (1423725). PastScape. English Heritage.
  28. ^ HEAVY ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY HUMBER H20 (1472423). PastScape. English Heritage.
  29. ^ Royal Observer Corps monitoring post (1412031). PastScape. English Heritage.
  30. ^ See Laporte "Battery Works", Stallingborough
  31. ^ See Synthomer, Stallingborough
  32. ^ a b c Ordnance Survey 1:10000/1:10560 1956, 1966-8, 1972-82, 1988-9.
  33. ^ Symes, David, ed. (1987), Humberside in the 1980s, pp. 80–1, ISBN 0-85958-119-5 
  34. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:10560/10000 1966-8, 1972-82; 1:2500 1985-6
  35. ^ South Humber Bank, Centrica 
  36. ^ "Chemical plant simulator launched", BBC News, 19 September 2006 
  37. ^ (DC/130/07/IMM) Demolish No 42 to form new access & demolish No 40 & erect 35 dwellings with associated parking, North East Lincolnshire Council, 27 June 2007 
  38. ^ (DC/146/08/IMM) Reserved matters application pursuant to DC/309/97/IMM erect 43 dwellings and a pumping station to discharge conditions 1,2,8,13,14,15 & 18., North East Lincolnshire Council, 23 October 2008 

Source[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Maddison, A.R. (1895), "The Manor of Stallingborough", Reports and Papers of the Architectural and Archaeological Societies of the Counties of Lincoln and Northampton 23: 274– 
  • Oliver, George (1830), "Stallingborough, co. Lincoln. - Family of Ayscoghe", in Urban, Sylvanus, The Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Chronicle 100, Supplement to Vol.C. Part II, pp.592-595 

External links[edit]