Vickers Varsity

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Varsity
Vickers Varsity.jpg
Role military trainer
Manufacturer Vickers-Armstrongs
First flight 17 July 1949[1]
Introduction 1951
Primary user RAF
Number built 160
Developed from Vickers VC.1 Viking

The Vickers Varsity was a British twin-engined crew trainer operated by the Royal Air Force for 25 years from 1951.

Design and development[edit]

Varsity T1 on display at the Newark Air Museum
Varsity T1 on display at the Newark Air Museum

The Varsity was developed by Vickers and based on the Viking and Valetta to meet Air Ministry Specification T.13/48 for a twin-engined training aircraft to replace the Wellington T10 and the Valetta T3 and T4.[2] The main differences were the wider-span wings, longer fuselage and tricycle undercarriage.There was also a ventral pannier to allow a trainee bomb aimer to lie in a prone position and a bomb bay with a capacity for 24 x 25lb smoke & flash bombs.[2] The prototype Type 668 first flew from Wisley on 17 July 1949.[2]

A civil version the VC.3 was planned but with the success of the VC.2 Viscount the idea was abandoned.[2]

Operational history[edit]

The Varsity was introduced to replace the Wellington T10 trainer. Following deliveries to trials units the first production aircraft were delivered for operational use in 1951 to No. 201 Advanced Flying School at RAF Swinderby, where they were used to train pilots to fly multi-engined aircraft. It also equipped two Air Navigator Schools in 1952, and the Bomber Command Bombing school, with the job of training crews for RAF Bomber-Command's V-bomber crews.[3]

The Swedish Air Force operated a single Varsity from January 1953 to 1973 mainly for electronic intelligence missions. The Swedish military designation was Tp 82.

The Varsity was withdrawn from service with the RAF in May 1976, its role as a pilot and navigation trainer being taken over by the Scottish Aviation Jetstream T1.

The last flying example (Serial WL679) was operated by the Royal Aircraft Establishment; it was retired into preservation at the RAF Museum in 1992.

Operators[edit]

 Jordan
 Sweden
 United Kingdom

Survivors[edit]

Germany[edit]

On display
  • Royal Air Force Varsity T1 WF382 at the Allied Museum, Berlin-Tegel.

Sweden[edit]

On display

United Kingdom[edit]

On display

United States[edit]

Stored or under restoration
  • Varsity T1 N65558, formerly WJ948, is in external storage at Horizon Airport, El Paso, Texas, still in Royal Air Force colour scheme. Severely damaged in landing accident.

Specifications (T Mk 1)[edit]

Data from Vickers Aircraft since 1908.[9]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • Bombs: 600 lb (272 kg) practice bombs in an external pannier

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Thetford 1957, p. 448.
  2. ^ a b c d Martin 1975, p. 9.
  3. ^ Rawlings 1971, pp. 172–173.
  4. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 170.
  5. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 207.
  6. ^ "Vickers Varsity - A New Kind of Wellington", Classic Air Force retrieved 18 December 2013
  7. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 129.
  8. ^ Ellis 2008, p. 175.
  9. ^ Andrews and Morgan 1988, p. 416.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Andrews, C.F. and E.B. Morgan. Vickers Aircraft since 1908. London: Putnam, 1988. ISBN 0-85177-815-1.
  • Ellis, Ken. Wrecks & Relics. Manchester, UK: Crécy Publishing, 21st edition, 2008. ISBN 978-0-85979-134-2.
  • Martin, Bernard. The Viking, Valetta and Varsity. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1975. ISBN 0851300383.
  • Rawlings, J.D.R. "Vickers Varsity". Air Pictorial, Vol. 33, No. 5, May 1971, pp. 172–176.
  • Thetford, Owen. Aircraft of the Royal Aircraft 1918-57. London: Putnam, 1st edition, 1957.

External links[edit]