Nissan Navara

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Nissan Navara/Nissan Frontier
Nissan Navara front 20080509.jpg
Nissan Navara D22 (up) Nissan Navara (down)
2nd Nissan Frontier SE crew cab.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Frontier (North America)
Nissan NP300 (Mexico, Europe)
Production 1997–present
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door truck
4-door truck
Related Nissan Xterra
Nissan Pathfinder (1997-2012)
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan D21 series

Nissan Navara is the name for the D22 and D40 generations of Nissan pickup trucks sold in Asia; in North, Central and South America and the Philippines it is sold as the Nissan Frontier. The line began in 1997, replacing the D21 Nissan Hardbody truck. As of 2002, the D22 series pickup is no longer sold in Japan; the D22's primary market being North America. It is now built at the Nissan factory in Canton, Mississippi.

Nissan was the pioneer of the "Hardbody" or "Nissan Frontier" since 1986. The first was the D21, considered to be a small pick up. After more than 10 years with the D21, the second generation Navara was manufactured from 1997 and went until 2004 which was classed as a compact sized pick up. It was replaced with the bigger, taller, longer D40, which Nissan now considers to be a mid-size pick up truck.

The Navara gets its name from the Navarre region of northern Spain, and the European version is built at the Nissan factory in Barcelona. In many European markets it is sold as the Nissan NP300.

D22 series (1997– )[edit]

First Generation (D22)
2001-2005 Nissan Navara ST-R 3.0Di 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Nissan Frontier
Nissan Frontier Bravado
Nissan Fiera
Nissan Hardbody
Nissan Paladin (SUV version)
Nissan PickUp
Nissan Winner
Nissan Big M Frontier (Thailand, 1998–2001)[1]
Dongfeng Oting (SUV)[2]
Dongfeng Rich Pickup
Dongfeng Rich multi-purpose Commercial Vehicle
Nissan NP300
Production AUS: 1997–present
USA: August 1997–2004
PRC: since January 1999
PRC: since April 2005 (Facelift version)
THA: 1998–2007[1]
Assembly Tochigi, Tochigi, Japan
Smyrna, Tennessee, United States (Nissan USA)
Curitiba, Brazil
Barcelona, Spain (Nissan Ibérica)
Rosslyn, South Africa[3]
Samut Prakan, Thailand[1]
Makati City, Philippines
Taipei, Taiwan
Aguascalientes, Mexico (Nissan Mexico)
Zhengzhou, Henan, China (Zhengzhou Nissan) [4]
Cairo, Egypt (Seoudi Group)[5]
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[6]
Al Jazirah state, Sudan (Giad)[7]
Designer Unnamed (1994)
Jerry Hirschberg (1997: Crew Cab)
Diane Allen (facelift: 1999)[8]
Body and chassis
Class Compact pickup truck
Layout Front-engine
rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Related Nissan Xterra
Nissan Pathfinder
Nissan Patrol
Powertrain
Engine 3.0L V6
3.3L VG33E V6
3.3L VG33ER V6 supercharged
2.4L KA24DE I4
2.5L TD25 I4 Diesel
2.5L YD25DDTi (133 PS) I4 Diesel
2.7L TD27Ti I4 Diesel
2.7L TD27ETi I4 Diesel
2.7L TD273 I4 Diesel
3.0L ZD30DDT I4 Diesel
3.2L QD323 I4 Diesel
Transmission 4-speed automatic
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase Regular Cab: 104.3 in (2,649 mm)
King Cab / Crew Cab Short Bed: 116.1 in (2,949 mm)
Crew Cab Long Bed: 131.1 in (3,330 mm)
Length 1998–2002 King Cab: 196.1 in (4,981 mm)
Regular Cab: 184.3 in (4,681 mm)
1998–2002 Crew Cab: 193.1 in (4,905 mm)
2003-04 King Cab: 202.9 in (5,154 mm)
2003-04 Crew Cab: 199.9 in (5,077 mm)
2003-04 Crew Cab Long Bed: 217.8 in (5,532 mm)
Width 2WD: 66.5 in (1,689 mm)
4WD & 2001-02 Desert Runner, Crew Cab 2WD & King Cab 2WD: 71.9 in (1,826 mm)
2003-04: 71.2 in (1,808 mm)
2003-04 King Cab 2WD: 67.7 in (1,720 mm)
Height 1998–2002 King Cab 2WD: 62.6 in (1,590 mm)
King Cab 4WD & 2001-02 Desert Runner, Crew Cab 2WD & King Cab 2WD: 65.9 in (1,674 mm)
1998–2000 Regular Cab 2WD: 62.5 in (1,588 mm)
1998–2002 XE Regular Cab 2WD: 62.8 in (1,595 mm)
1998–2000 Regular Cab 4WD: 66.1 in (1,679 mm)
2003-04 King Cab 4WD & XE 2WD: 66.7 in (1,694 mm)
2003-04 Crew Cab 4WD: 67.1 in (1,704 mm)
2003-04 SVE & SC Long Bed Crew Cab 4WD: 71.8 in (1,824 mm)
2003-04 King Cab 2WD: 63.2 in (1,605 mm)
SC 2WD: 69.9 in (1,775 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Hardbody (D21)
Successor Nissan Navara/Frontier (D40)
2001–2004 Nissan Frontier (North America)

The Frontier was introduced in 1997 for the 1998 model year as a replacement for the aging 1986.5–1997 Nissan Hardbody Truck. Nissan first offered the Frontier with a 4-cylinder engine, the KA24DE, but added the V6 engine, the VG33E in 1999. In Australia, a 3.0L V6 was introduced in June 2000. In February 2003, 4x4 models received a larger 3.3L V6 (available only with a 5-speed manual), while 4x2 models continued with the 3.0L V6 (with manual or automatic transmissions). The V6 was dropped in 2005, leaving the 2.5L turbo diesel as the only available engine. Elsewhere, the Frontier was also known as the Nissan Navara.

A four-door version of the D22 was designed and developed during 1997-1998, being first produced in April 1999 and launched in May 1999 as the 2000 Frontier Crew Cab. In February 2000 at the Chicago Auto Show, Nissan introduced a facelifted Frontier for 2001, with bolder styling in an effort to make it more appealing to younger buyers in its second generation. The Frontier was completely redone after the 2004 model year, which later resulted in the indefinite discontinuation of the regular cab model.[9]

D22 (GEN-1) Names

D22 Frontier (1997–2000)[edit]

1997–2000 Nissan Frontier regular cab

Built in Tennessee from 1997 to 2000. Versions: Single cab, King Cab, Crew Cab (Introduced in 1999 and only available on 2000-current models). Engines: Petrol (KA24DE) and Diesel (TD27) (2wd and 4wd) with 5 speed manual transmission. These models were also exported to Central and South America. US production in Tennessee started in 1997 with a Single cab and a King cab. A Crew Cab was developed during 1998 and arrived in 1999 as a 2000 model.[10][11][12]

In 1999, a special edition was offered. Nissan called it the Desert Runner. It had a king cab base but on the 4X4 frame which gave it a boost in ride height, bigger tires and a 4- or 5-speed 2WD drivetrain. For 2001 the Desert Runner got a new look and a supercharged version of the V6 engine.

Engines: 143 hp (107 kW) 2.4-liter (KA24DE) I4 and 170 hp (127 kW) 3.3-liter (VG33E) V6, 2wd or 4wd, Manual and Automatic. Japanese Production exported to Central, South America.

D22 Navara (1997– )[edit]

The D22 Navara was a compact size pick up truck manufactured from 1997 to 2004. However, Nissan continues to build the D22 as a cheaper alternative to the current D40, and is known as "Pickup".[citation needed]

2009–2011 Nissan Navara DX (Australia). Note: updated exterior door handles from 2009 onwards.

Originally planned to follow the D21 Hard Body in being designed by Nissan Design International in La Jolla, CA, design of the D22 was reluctantly given to Japan during the 1994-1995 period. This was due to NDI being busy with many design projects of for concepts and models, such as the Quest (VX54 II), Altima (L30), Maxima (A32.5), and etc. Design of an updated D22 was eventually given to NDI in 1998.[13]

The first series of D22s had larger (QD32) 3.2-litre normally aspirated Diesel engines producing 75 kW. The second series has 4 available engine types. They were as follows:

KA24DE: 2.4-litre, DOHC, 16V, 4-cylinder, producing 110 kW (148 hp) @ 5600 rpm and 208 N·m (153 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm.
YD25DDTi (133 PS): 2.5-litre, DOHC, 16V, 4-cylinder, Turbo diesel intercooler, producing 98 kW (133 PS; 131 hp) @ 4000 rpm and 304 N·m (31 kg·m; 224 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm.
ZD30DDT: 3.0-litre, DOHC, 16V, 4-cylinder, Turbo diesel (non intercooler), producing 110 kW (148 hp) @ 3400 rpm and 314 N·m (232 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm.
VG33E: 3.3-litre, SOHC, 12V, 6-cylinder, producing 125 kW (168 hp) @ 4800 rpm and 266 N·m (196 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm.

Currently the D22 Navara series remains on Nissan lineup for many countries and is known as Nissan NP300, Pickup, Frontier and Navara D22. In 2009 the D22 was updated with redesigned exterior door handles.

D22 Frontier/NP-300/Terrano (2001–2004)[edit]

2003–2004 Nissan Frontier crew cab

The Navara (D22) was no longer sold in Japan after 2002. Sales and production started in North America, with Crew Cab and King Cab versions and new grille, bumper, headlights, taillights. Other body changes included built in fender flares and tailgates. Available engines include a petrol 143 hp (107 kW) 2.4-liter Inline-4, 180 hp (134 kW) 3.3-liter V6, and a 210 hp (157 kW) 3.3-liter V6 Supercharged version. It is available with both 2-wheel and 4-wheel drive. Nissan began exporting the second generation to central and South America where it is called the Nissan Frontier. Single cabs and crew cabs are available with the Petrol or Diesel engines, 2wd and 4wd. It is also available in Australia and New Zealand. The Brazilian plant started production around 2002 (Crew Cab Diesel 2wd or 4wd, 5-speed manual, or single cab 2wd Diesel. Only for Mexican market: petrol 2.4L manufactured in Mexico) and export to Argentina (all Brazilian versions) and Mexico (Crew Cab, Petrol 2.4L, 2wd, Manual 5-speed). The Egyptian Plant exports to the Middle East, and a South African Plant to African countries. Mexican production, starting in 2008: D22 truck Single Cab Chassis and Long Bed (2wd or 4wd, Petrol 2.4L or Diesel, Crew Cab (2wd and Petrol) called the D22 Pick up.

  • Nissan Bolivia actually imports from Japan the Nissan Frontier D-22 Crew Cab, Petrol 2.4 or Diesel, 4x4. Imported from Mexico, the D-22 Crew Cab and single cab long bed, Petrol 4x2. Some Frontiers were imported from the USA. These were V6 and Automatic for private importers.

D40 series (2004-)[edit]

Second Generation (D40)
2005-2007 Nissan Navara (D40) RX 4-door utility (2007-12-12) 01.jpg
Overview
Also called
  • Suzuki Equator
  • Nissan Frontier
  • Nissan Navara Brute
  • Nissan Frontier Navara
  • Acmat ALTV
Production October 20, 2004–present
Assembly
Designer Kiyoshi Yanase (2002)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size pickup truck
Layout
Platform Nissan F-Alpha platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 5-speed automatic
  • 5-speed manual
  • 6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 125.9 in (3,198 mm)
Length
  • LWB: 219.4 in (5,573 mm)
  • SWB: 205.5 in (5,220 mm)
Width 72.8 in (1,849 mm)
Height
  • XE King Cab: 68.7 in (1,745 mm)
  • SE King Cab: 69.7 in (1,770 mm)
  • Crew Cab: 70.1 in (1,781 mm)
  • LE Crew Cab 2WD: 73.9 in (1,877 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Frontier (D22)
Successor Nissan Navara (D23)

Initially, the Frontier was considered a compact, but beginning with the totally redesigned model year 2005 Frontier (introduced at the 2004 North American International Auto Show), it became more mid-sized (as did rival Toyota Tacoma for this model year). It uses the new Nissan F-Alpha platform and exterior body styling resembles that of the company's full-size Nissan Titan truck. In 2012 production was shifted from Smyrna, Tennessee to Canton Mississippi.

The new truck has a fully boxed ladder frame. The wheelbase is 125.9 in (3.20 m) with a 205.5 in (5.22 m) overall length. Towing capacity is 6500 lb (2,950 kg). A 4.0 L VQ-family V6, the VQ40DE, is the standard engine, and it produces 261 hp (195 kW) and 281 pound-feet (381 N·m) of torque. Also available is the QR25DE four-cylinder engine, which is also found in the Nissan Altima. It produces 152 hp (113 kW) and 171 pound-feet (232 N·m) of torque. A six-speed manual is standard with a five-speed automatic optional. Both rear and four-wheel drive are available. Traction control and hill-descent control are also available.

The Frontier is called Navara when sold in Europe. The engine is a 2.5 L YD25DDTi diesel, with 142 hp (106 kW) or 172 hp (128 kW). The stronger version has 403 N·m (297 lb·ft) of torque.

  • Nissan of Bolivia imports the D40 and D22. Sourced from Japan are the Nissan Frontier D-22 Crew Cab 4x4 and from Mexico the D-22 Crew Cab and single cab long bed 4x2. Nissan of Bolivia imports a Nissan Navara D40 Crew Cab as well. Some Frontier D40s are imported from the United States with a V6 and automatic transmission.
2009 Suzuki Equator extended cab

Suzuki has begun selling a Frontier-based mid-sized pickup that is produced by Nissan North America at the Smyrna plant.[15] The truck debuted at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show as the Suzuki Equator.[16] For 2009 the Frontier will get a face lift with more options, colors, and new wheels. The Nismo model will be replaced by a new PRO-4X model.

D40 Navara[edit]

The Navara came with a 174 bhp (130 kW; 176 PS) (169 bhp (126 kW; 171 PS) engine on post September '06 vehicles with the introduction of the Euro IV compliant engine). It has four trim levels, the S, SE, Outlaw and Aventura. The Aventura trim package is equipped with leather upholstery, Dual Zone Climate Control, 6 CD/MP3 changer and satellite navigation as standard.

In Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, the D40 Navara has a few differences from the UK versions. There are 2 engines available, 2.5-liter Turbo-charged Diesel engine and the V-6 petrol. The Diesel engine in 4WD models produces 128 kW (172 hp) at 4000 rpm and 403 N·m (297 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm, with the 2WD models producing less at 106 kW (142 hp) at 4000 rpm and 356 N·m (263 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm. The V-6 produces 198 kW (266 hp) at 5600 rpm of power and 385 N·m (284 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm. Both engines come with a standard 5-speed Automatic, with a 6-speed manual available for the Diesel. These models do not have leather, climate control or satellite navigation system like their UK versions.

The 2008 model of the Navara was launched on July 2. Changes included a new style of alloy wheels, bluetooth as standard, side work lights and indicators on the wing mirrors.

The 2008 Single Cab became available in Thailand March 6. The 2.5 engine reduces the torque output from 356 N·m (263 ft·lbf) to 294 N·m (217 ft·lbf) @ 2,000 rpm. This model has 15" wheels. Power steering is standard. Also available are electric mirrors and central power locking as optional extra. Nissan planned to sell the single cab and began to export worldwide at the same month. Nissan also continues to sell the D22 pickups with minor updates for a lower price (now called as Frontier LCV).

The Nissan Navara Double Cab became available in Malaysia on November 5, 2008. It is available with a 2.5L diesel engine producing 128 kW (172 hp) and 403 N·m (297 ft·lbf), only with a 5-speed automatic. A year later the 6-speed manual version became available. The D22 series Nissan Frontier remains on sale in Malaysia with a manual transmission.[17] In November 2008 Nissan Thailand Released the all new Nissan Navara Calibre with a 144 PS (106 kW) @4000 rpm 36.3 kg·m (356 N·m; 263 ft·lbf) @2000 rpm available with a 5-speed automatic an a 6-speed manual transmissions. The Navara is not offered in Singapore due to the high excise duty for the pickup trucks there, and lack of interest.

Facelift[edit]

2011 Nissan Frontier Pro-4X (US)

For North American Frontiers model year 2009, and European Navarras model year 2010, Nissan updated the shape of some minor components.

The 2010 Nissan Navara facelift are now powered by a new 3.0-litre V6 turbo V9X Engine diesel engine producing 240 hp (175 kW),406 lb-ft (500 Nm) @ 2,500 rpm and a revised 2.5-litre dCi unit(YD25DDTi High Power). The 2011 Nissan Navara and Pathfinder facelift V6 develop 170 kW (231 PS) and 550 Nm of torque between 1,700 rpm and 2,500 rpm and the famous YD engine which produces 190 PS (140 kW) and 450 Nm of torque and the VQ40DE remains the same with the 261 hp (195 kW) @5600 rpm; 281 pound-feet (381 N·m) @4000 rpm.

There are subtle changes to the headlights and the bonnet. The v-shaped grille shell is less pronounced and the bumper is rounder and projects 80 mm further forward, but the six-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels or optional 18-inch alloy wheels are the biggest change.

Inside the new Navara (top of the line model), Nissan designers have specified softer materials of a better quality for the dash, seats and interior moulds. The centre console and fascia designs have been revised, as have the instrument binnacle layout and door trims. Additional bright/gloss finish surfacing is used throughout the cabin. The six-stack CD audio system or the TV Navigation entertainment console is upgraded with speed-sensing volume, MP3 compatibility and Bluetooth connectivity for the (six disc CD audio system). Other new or revised features include dual-zone climate control, remote audio/Bluetooth/trip computer controls on the steering wheel, trip computer, external temperature gauge, speed-sensitive variable windscreen wipers and 'follow me home' lighting. The electric mirrors now fold in fully for car washes or parking in narrow spaces.

Importantly, the upgraded Navara (diesel only) gains stability control, which Nissan calls Vehicle Dynamics Control and all petrol V6 and diesel variants gain side-impact and side-curtain airbags to complement the dual front airbags.

D23 Series (2014-)[edit]

Third Generation (D23)
Overview
Also called
  • Nissan NP300
Production July 2014–present
Designer Mamoru Aoki (2012)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size pickup truck
Layout
Powertrain
Transmission
  • 7-speed automatic
  • 6-speed manual
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Frontier (D40)

On June 11, 2014, Nissan unveiled the 12th generation pickup, the D23 Navara, for non-US markets. Series production will commence at a new plant $360 million plant in Samut Prakan, Thailand in July 2014 and deliveries were began in August. A Nissan North America spokesperson, Dan Bedore, has stated that the D23 is not indicative of a D40 Frontier replacement.[18][19][20][21]

International production facilities[edit]

The Frontier is known as Nissan Navara in most of Europe and Australia and New Zealand, and Nissan Terrano in Chile (only the D40 series is known as Navara). It is currently built in Canton, Mississippi, Spain, South Africa, Thailand, Philippines, China, Mexico, Brazil and Egypt.

Safety[edit]

The D40 Navara has undergone Euro NCAP crash testing along with the Mitsubishi Triton and Isuzu D-Max, and received one star with a strikeout; however, after retesting with upgraded computer software it went from the lowest in the group to the highest (overall) with 3 stars. Among the problems discovered during the test was delayed airbag deployment and insufficient seatbelt restraint, which were solved with the software upgrade. The car receives good rating in Frontal Offset Test, Side Impact, and Roof Test by IIHS but only Acceptable in rear impact.[citation needed]

Motorsports[edit]

The D40 Frontier platform is currently being used as a Stage Rally vehicle by the NISMO Stuff Racing effort currently competing in the Coupe Rallye Quebec series. This team has been racing the current D40 Frontier for over two years with eight stage rallies and two hill climbs under its belt having never suffered a mechanical failure of any kind.

Nissan South Africa campaigned both the D22 and D40 platforms very successfully in the local ABSA Off-Road Series, winning eight consecutive driver’s championships[22] (2001 to 2008). The vehicles were prepared by Hallspeed South Africa. Hallspeed also developed and sold vehicles to the Belgian based company Overdrive. For several years Overdrive have competed with the Hallspeed built vehicles in the European rally Raid series, including the Dakar.[23]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Concept trucks[edit]

In 2014 Nissan released a concept truck with a 2.8 Inline-four engine Cummins Diesel engine paired with a ZF 8HP transmission.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "แกะรอยกระบะนิสสัน (4) ปิดตำนานบิ๊กเอ็ม". Manager Online. 2007-05-20. Retrieved 2011-06-02.  (Thai)
  2. ^ http://www.zznissan-oting.com.cn/ official Dongfeng Oting website
  3. ^ "Fiat. Fiat In South Africa". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  4. ^ http://www.zznissan.com.cn/ official Website of Zhenzhou-Nissan (since 2003 a part of Dongfeng Motor)
  5. ^ "Nissan. Nissan In Egypt". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  6. ^ "Nissan. Nissan In Malaysia". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  7. ^ ":: Giad Automotive Industry Co. Ltd. (Holding Company) :: GIAD Vehicles Co. Ltd". Giadauto.com. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  8. ^ http://www.autonews.com/article/20000911/ANA/9110786
  9. ^ http://amarillo.com/stories/2000/10/28/whe_nissan.shtml
  10. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1998/08/09/automobiles/nissan-gives-a-glimpse-of-its-plan-for-recovery.html
  11. ^ http://www.pickuptrucks.com/html/reviews/2000/nissan/frontier.html
  12. ^ http://www.nissanusa.com/about/heritage
  13. ^ http://www.wheels.ca/1999-nissan-frontier-king-cab/
  14. ^ ยุทธพงษ์ ภาษี (2007-02-05). "ลองรถ "ขอบคุณ" นิสสัน นาวารา 4WD (ตอน1)". กรุงเทพธุรกิจ (Krungthep Turakij). Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 2010-08-27.  (Thai)
  15. ^ Suzuki Auto Announces Plans for Pickup Truck Built by Nissan North America, Business Wire, December 11, 2007
  16. ^ Leaked: 2009 Suzuki Equator, Edumunds.com, January 29, 2008
  17. ^ Tan, Paul (2008-11-05). "Nissan Navara with 174 PS launched in Malaysia". Paultan.org. Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  18. ^ http://www.motoring.com.au/news/commercial/nissan/navara/nissan-officially-unveils-new-navara-44050
  19. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/most-recent/414828/nissan-early-with-new-plant
  20. ^ http://blog.caranddriver.com/a-new-frontier-nissan-posts-teaser-image-of-new-pickup-on-instagram/
  21. ^ http://www.autoblog.com/2014/06/11/nissan-frontier-np300-navara-official-videos/
  22. ^ "Strong South African Nissan Presence In 2009 Dakar Rally | Nissan South Africa". Nissan.co.za. Retrieved 2014-02-25. 
  23. ^ iwcweb. "Overdrive Racing - palmares". Overdriveracing.be. Retrieved 2014-02-25. 
  24. ^ "2014 Nissan Frontier Truck". Nissan USA. Retrieved 2014-02-25. 
  25. ^ "2011 Nissan Frontier | Awards & Reviews". Nissan USA. Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  26. ^ "2011 Nissan Frontier | Awards & Reviews". Nissan USA. Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  27. ^ "Nissan Frontier Cummins Diesel". Retrieved 6 February 2014. 

External links[edit]