Swineshead, Lincolnshire

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Not to be confused with Swineshead, Bedfordshire

Coordinates: 52°56′29″N 0°09′22″W / 52.941292°N 0.156047°W / 52.941292; -0.156047

Swineshead
High Street, Swineshead, Lincs - geograph.org.uk - 260209.jpg
High Street, Swineshead
Swineshead is located in Lincolnshire
Swineshead
Swineshead
 Swineshead shown within Lincolnshire
Population 2,449 (2001)
OS grid reference TF240398
    - London 100 mi (160 km)  S
District Boston (borough)
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Boston
Postcode district PE20
Dialling code 01205
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Boston and Skegness
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Swineshead is a village and civil parish in Lincolnshire, England, approximately 7 miles (11 km) west of the town of Boston. The parish includes the areas of Swineshead Bridge and North End to the north, Fenhouses and Blackjack to the east, and Drayton to the south.

History[edit]

The lost village of Stenning, or Estovening, mentioned in the Domesday book of 1086[1] is represented by the site of the moated Estovening Hall, which was the manor house of the Holland family. Ralph, founder of the Estovening branch of the Holland family was buried in Swinehead Abbey in 1262.[2]

A medieval motte castle is believed to have been constructed in the 12th century by the de Gresley family, lords of the manor of Swineshead at Manwar Ings. The remains of the castle are visible as substantial earthworks, which are a scheduled monument. The easiest access to the motte is by turning off the A52 at the Manor Farm Shop which is located in the Baythorpe region of the village. [3][4]

Swineshead railway station opened in 1847 as part of the Sleaford and Boston Railway.[5]

Hitherto, the parish had formed part of Boston Rural District, in the Parts of Holland. Holland was one of the three divisions (formally known as parts) of the traditional county of Lincolnshire. Since the Local Government Act of 1888, Holland had been in most respects, a county in itself.

Population of Swineshead Civil Parish
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1961
Population[6] 1,555 1,561 1,696 1,994 2,079 2,044 1,622 1,616 1,752 1,899 1,895 1,990 1,945 1,824

Government[edit]

It is one of eighteen parishes which, together with Boston, form the Borough of Boston. The local government has been arranged in this way since the reorganisation of 1 April 1974, which resulted from the Local Government Act 1972. This parish forms part of the Swineshead and Holland Fen electoral ward.

Geography[edit]

Swineshead falls within the drainage area of the Black Sluice Internal Drainage Board.[7] The A17 used to pass through the village but now passes to the west. The A52 passes close to the east.

Community[edit]

St Mary's church

The village has various shops, a post office and a medical centre.[8] Public houses include the Wheatsheaf, which is a Grade II listed building dating from the 18th century.[9] The village primary school is St Mary's Church of England Primary School.[10]

Swineshead railway station is on the Nottingham-Skegness Line.

Landmarks[edit]

Swineshead, North End Mill

Hardwick House is built on the site of a medieval moated house, possibly a grange, originally owned by Swineshead Abbey, and was listed in the crown bailiff's report when the abbey was dissolved in 1534.[11]

North End Mill is a 3 stage tower windmill built in 1821 which worked until the 1930s, when the sails blew off. It is Grade II listed.[12][13]

The Wesleyan Methodists built a chapel in Swineshead in 1845, which was converted into a Sunday School after a new chapel was built in 1908. This was demolished in 1986 and the former chapel reverted to its original use, and is now a Grade II listed building.[14][15]

St Marys Church[edit]

The parish church is a Grade I listed building dedicated to Saint Mary, and dates from the 12th century with later additions and alterations. The chancel was rebuilt in 1848 by Stephen Lavin. The western tower and font are 14th-century. In the chancel is a black marble wall plaque to Sir John Lockton of Swineshead Abbey, who died in 1610.[16]

Cistercian monastery[edit]

Main article: Swineshead Abbey

Swineshead Abbey was founded in 1135 as a Savigniac monastery, but in 1147 was converted to Cistercian by Robert de Gresley. In 1536 it was dissolved and the building of a private house and a park in 1607 destroyed the last traces of it. The site is a scheduled monument.[17][18]

Notable people[edit]

Swineshead is the birthplace of Herbert Ingram, founder of the Illustrated London News and MP for Boston, who was instrumental in bringing the railways and fresh piped water to the village. His son became a lord, and the family were given the Ingram Baronetcy of Swineshead Abbey.[citation needed] Further notable people associated with the village are the abbot, Gilbert of Hoyland,[citation needed] and the goalkeeper Chris Woods.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Steyning (or Stenning)". Domesday Map. Anna Powell-Smith/University of Hull. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Stenning". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Manwar Ings". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Manwar Ings (Scheduled)". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Swineshead Railway Station". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Vision of Britain". Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Black Sluice IDB". 
  8. ^ "Swineshead Parish Council". Swineshead Parish Council. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "The Wheatsheaf". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Swineshead St Marys Church of England Primary School". Swineshead St Marys Church of England Primary School. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "Hardwick Grange". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "North End Mill". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  13. ^ "The Mill". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  14. ^ "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "Wesleyan Chapel". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "St Marys church". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  17. ^ "Swineshead Abbey". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  18. ^ "Swineshead Abbey (Scheduled)". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Swineshead, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons