TR-1700-class submarine

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S41ARASantaCruzWWM.jpg
TR-1700 submarine ARA Santa Cruz (S-41) at Base Naval Mar del Plata.
Class overview
Builders: Thyssen Nordseewerke, Emden, Germany
Operators:  Argentine Navy
In commission: 1984-present
Planned: 6
Completed: 2
Cancelled: 2
Active: 2
Laid up: 2
General characteristics
Type: Submarine
Displacement: 2116 tonnes (Surfaced)
2264 tonnes (Submerged)
Length: 66 metres (216.53 feet)
Beam: 7.3 metres (23.95 feet)
Draught: 6.5 metres (21.32 feet)
Propulsion: 1 shaft 4 × MTU diesels
1 × Siemens electric motor
Speed: 15 Knots Surfaced
25 knots Submerged
Range: 12,000 nm at 8 knots surfaced (22,000 km at 15 km/h)
Endurance: 30 days
Complement: 26
Sensors and
processing systems:
radar Thompson CSF Calypso
Sonar Atlas Elektronik CSU 3/4, Thompson Sintra DUUX-5
Armament: 6× 533mm Tubes bow
22 torpedoes

The TR-1700 (Santa Cruz) is a class of diesel-electric patrol submarines built by Thyssen Nordseewerke for the Argentine Navy in the 1980s. These ships are amongst the largest submarines built in Germany since World War II and are among the fastest diesel-electric submarines in the world.[1]

Development[edit]

The original 1977 plan called for six boats, two TR-1700’s built in Germany by Thyssen Nordseewerke, two in Argentina by Astillero Domecq Garcia, and two smaller TR-1400’s also built in Argentina.[2] The final agreement in 1982 was modified to six TR 1700’s.

Design[edit]

The submarine was designed by Thyssen and its features include high underwater speed, endurance, and survivability. The boat's four MTU diesel engines, four generators, and Siemens electric motor can propel it at speeds up to 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph).[3] Eight 120 cell batteries are installed on each boat. They have a diving depth of 300 m. Normal endurance of these boats is 30 days with an extended range up to 70 days. These boats are equipped to accept a Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV). Armaments include six bow 533-mm torpedo tubes and 22 SST (Special Surface Target) or Mark 37 torpedo. The automatic torpedo reload system can reload the tubes in 50 seconds.[2]

The Argentine Navy requested that INVAP develop the CAREM nuclear reactor to power these submarines, but the program was halted in late 1980s.[4]

Thyssen proposed the TR1700A for the Australian Collins-class submarine program.[5] The proposed design had a reworked pressure hull, was six meters longer, and half a meter wider than the TR1700s built for Argentina. It lost to the Type 471 from Kockums, an enlarged Västergötland-class submarine.

Service[edit]

The first two submarines were delivered on schedule in 1984-85. The remaining four built in Argentina were suspended due to the Argentinean economic crisis of the 1980s. In 1996 work completely ceased on ARA Santa Fe at 70 percent (or 52 percent) completion while ARA Santiago del Estero was only 30 percent complete.[6] After attempts to complete and sell the boats to other countries (Taiwan) failed they were cannibalized, along with the parts for the fifth and sixth units, to support the continued operations of the first two submarines.[1]

The Santa Cruz received its mid-life modernization at Arsenal de Marinha, Rio de Janeiro Brazil between September 1999 and 2001.[2] The work involved the replacement of the engines, batteries, and sonar. Her sister ship San Juan entered Astillero Domecq Garcia shipyard to receive her refit in 2007 and will receive similar work.[7]

In September 2010 it was revealed that the Ministry of Defense is conducting feasibility studies to decide if ARA Santa Fe (S-43) should be completed. The decision should be made sometime after completing the mid-life modernization of ARA San Juan (S-42). The feasibility study includes technicians from INVAP and CNEA, who are investigating the possible use of a CAREM reactor in the unfinished vessel. The estimated cost of completing Santa Fe is $60 million.[8]

Boats[edit]

Ship Pennant number Builder Completed Status
ARA Santa Cruz S-41 Thyssen Nordseewerke 18 October 1984 In service with Argentine Navy
ARA San Juan S-42 Thyssen Nordseewerke 19 November 1985 In service with Argentine Navy
ARA Santa Fe S-43 Astillero Domecq Garcia Construction Suspended - 70% (or 52%) Complete[9]
Boat could be completed after feasibility studies
ARA Santiago Del Estero S-44 Astillero Domecq Garcia Construction Suspended - 30% Complete
(none) S-45 Astillero Domecq Garcia Construction Suspended - Little Complete[6]
Components cannibalized for spares
(none) S-46 Astillero Domecq Garcia Suspended
Components cannibalized for spares[6]

Pictures[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995
  1. ^ a b Miller, David (2002). The Illustrated Directory of Submarines. Zenith Press. p. 480. ISBN 0-7603-1345-8. 
  2. ^ a b c Santa Cruz class Patrol submarine
  3. ^ Watts, Anthony (March 2002). Jane's Underwater Warfare Systems, 2002-2003. Jane's Information Group. p. 629. ISBN 0-7106-2451-4. 
  4. ^ El Carem fue diseñado a partir de la idea de técnicos navales para incluir un reactor de esas características en los submarinos comprados a Alemania en la década del 70
  5. ^ Woolner, Derek (18 September 2001). Procuring Change: How Kockums was Selected for the Collins Class Submarine. Canberra: Department of the Parliamentary Library. p. 34. 
  6. ^ a b c Wertheim, Eric (2002). Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. US Naval Institute Press. p. 1124. ISBN 1-59114-955-X. 
  7. ^ The hull of the S-42 ARA San Juan again soldier
  8. ^ Por primera vez en la historia se construirán en nuestro país submarinos para la Armada
  9. ^ Congreso Nacional: del submarino ARA Santa Fe, el cual se encuentra al 70% de su construcción

External links[edit]