Teispes

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Teïspes (Old Persian: 𐎨𐎡𐏁𐎱𐎡𐏁[1] Cišpiš,[2] from Greek: Τεΐσπης ) lived from 675-640 BCE. He was the son of Achaemenes and an ancestor of Cyrus the Great.[3] There is evidence that Cyrus I and Ariaramnes were both his sons.[3] Cyrus I is the grandfather of Cyrus the Great, whereas Ariaramnes is great grandfather of Darius the Great. According to 7th-century BC docu­ments, he captured the Elamite city of Anshan after being freed from Median supremacy, and expanded his small kingdom. His kingdom was however a vassal state of the Neo Assyrian Empire (911-605 BC). He was succeeded by his second son, Cyrus I.[3]

Etymology of the name[edit]

Schmitt suggests that the name is probably Iranian, but its etymology is unknown. Its connection with either the name of the Mitannian and Araratian storm god Tešup-Theispas, or with the (Elamite) byname Za-iš-pi-iš-ši-ya is likely.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akbarzadeh (2006), page 56
  2. ^ Kent (1384 AP), page 394
  3. ^ a b c d Schmitt, 1992

Bibliography[edit]

  • Akbarzadeh, D.; Yahyanezhad, A. (2006). The Behistun Inscriptions (Old Persian Texts) (in Persian). Khaneye-Farhikhtagan-e Honarhaye Sonati. ISBN 964-8499-05-5. 
  • Kent, Ronald Grubb (1384 AP). Old Persian: Grammar, Text, Glossary (in Persian). translated into Persian by S. Oryan. ISBN 964-421-045-X.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Schmitt, Rüdiger (1992). "ČIŠPIŠ". Encyclopaedia Iranica 5. 
Teispes
Born:  ?? Died: 640 BC
Preceded by
Achaemenes
King of Anshan Succeeded by
Cyrus I