Template:Infobox bromine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bromine   35Br
Bromine 25ml.jpg
General properties
Name, symbol bromine, Br
Pronunciation /ˈbrmn/ BROH-meen
or /ˈbrmɨn/ BROH-min
Appearance gas/liquid: red-brown
solid: metallic luster
Bromine in the periodic table
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Cl

Br

I
seleniumbrominekrypton
Atomic number 35
Standard atomic weight 79.904(1)
Element category diatomic nonmetal
Group, period, block group 17 (halogens), period 4, p-block
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
per shell: 2, 8, 18, 7
Physical properties
Phase liquid
Melting point 265.8 K, ​−7.2 °C, ​19 °F
Boiling point 332.0 K, ​58.8 °C, ​137.8 °F
Density (near r.t.) (Br2, liquid) 3.1028 g·cm−3 (at 0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
Triple point 265.90 K, ​5.8[1] kPa
Critical point 588 K, 10.34[1] MPa
Heat of fusion (Br2) 10.571 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (Br2) 29.96 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (Br2)
75.69 J·mol−1·K−1

Vapor pressure

P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 185 201 220 244 276 332
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 7, 5, 4, 3, 1, −1
(strongly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity 2.96 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 1139.9 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2103 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3470 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius empirical: 120 pm
Covalent radius 120±3 pm
Van der Waals radius 185 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure orthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for bromine
Speed of sound (20°C) 206 m·s−1
Thermal conductivity 0.122 W·m−1·K−1
Electrical resistivity at 20 °C: 7.8×1010 Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[2]
CAS Number 7726-95-6
History
Discovery Antoine Jérôme Balard and Leopold Gmelin (1825)
First isolation Antoine Jérôme Balard and Leopold Gmelin (1825)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of bromine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
79Br 50.69% 79Br is stable with 44 neutrons
81Br 49.31% 81Br is stable with 46 neutrons
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ a b Haynes, William M., ed. (2011). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 4.121. ISBN 1439855110. 
  2. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

This infobox is used for chemical elements.

Parameters[edit]

Usually parameters reproduce the value, and the template adds the SI unit of additional text. Depending on the specific value, additional formattings may be added by the template (a newline &ltbr>, or text like (at 25 °C).
(do not type the _ underscore:)

..._2, ..._3

Numbered values make a list.

..._ref

Most parameters have a _ref brother that allows for the reference. This reference is added right after the unit.

..._comment

Parameters with a _comment suffix are added to the end of a line, with a space added. Comments are reproduced without additions (no brackets, italics &tc.).

In general

The result best shows readable text, however technical it may be. For example, that is why "(at ...)" is used, or newlines.

Subtemplates used[edit]

Isotopes[edit]

Other[edit]

Other subtemplates are used automatically, they do not need specific editor's input.

{{Periodic table (32 columns, micro)}}
When the atomic number is ≥ 119, the miniature periodic table shows an extended version (period 8 and up). See for example {{infobox ununennium}}.

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Endt, P. M. (1990). "Energy levels of A = 21–44 nuclei (VII)". Nuclear Physics A 521: 1–400. Bibcode:1990NuPhA.521....1E. doi:10.1016/0375-9474(90)90598-G. 
  2. ^ Chisté 2006.

See also[edit]

Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 1H
ibox E
/s /t
2He
ibox E
/s /t
2 3Li
ibox E
/s /t
4Be
ibox E
/s /t
5B
ibox E
/s /t
6C
ibox E
/s /t
7N
ibox E
/s /t
8O
ibox E
/s /t
9F
ibox E
/s /t
10Ne
ibox E
/s /t
3 11Na
ibox E
/s /t
12Mg
ibox E
/s /t
13Al
ibox E
/s /t
14Si
ibox E
/s /t
15P
ibox E
/s /t
16S
ibox E
/s /t
17Cl
ibox E
/s /t
18Ar
ibox E
/s /t
4 19K
ibox E
/s /t
20Ca
ibox E
/s /t
21Sc
ibox E
/s /t
22Ti
ibox E
/s /t
23V
ibox E
/s /t
24Cr
ibox E
/s /t
25Mn
ibox E
/s /t
26Fe
ibox E
/s /t
27Co
ibox E
/s /t
28Ni
ibox E
/s /t
29Cu
ibox E
/s /t
30Zn
ibox E
/s /t
31Ga
ibox E
/s /t
32Ge
ibox E
/s /t
33As
ibox E
/s /t
34Se
ibox E
/s /t
35Br
ibox E
/s /t
36Kr
ibox E
/s /t
5 37Rb
ibox E
/s /t
38Sr
ibox E
/s /t
39Y
ibox E
/s /t
40Zr
ibox E
/s /t
41Nb
ibox E
/s /t
42Mo
ibox E
/s /t
43Tc
ibox E
/s /t
44Ru
ibox E
/s /t
45Rh
ibox E
/s /t
46Pd
ibox E
/s /t
47Ag
ibox E
/s /t
48Cd
ibox E
/s /t
49In
ibox E
/s /t
50Sn
ibox E
/s /t
51Sb
ibox E
/s /t
52Te
ibox E
/s /t
53 I 
ibox E
/s /t
54Xe
ibox E
/s /t
6 55Cs
ibox E
/s /t
56Ba
ibox E
/s /t
1 asterisk 72Hf
ibox E
/s /t
73Ta
ibox E
/s /t
74W
ibox E
/s /t
75Re
ibox E
/s /t
76Os
ibox E
/s /t
77Ir
ibox E
/s /t
78Pt
ibox E
/s /t
79Au
ibox E
/s /t
80Hg
ibox E
/s /t
81Tl
ibox E
/s /t
82Pb
ibox E
/s /t
83Bi
ibox E
/s /t
84Po
ibox E
/s /t
85At
ibox E
/s /t
86Rn
ibox E
/s /t
7 87Fr
ibox E
/s /t
88Ra
ibox E
/s /t
1 asterisk 104Rf
ibox E
/s /t
105Db
ibox E
/s /t
106Sg
ibox E
/s /t
107Bh
ibox E
/s /t
108Hs
ibox E
/s /t
109Mt
ibox E
/s /t
110Ds
ibox E
/s /t
111Rg
ibox E
/s /t
112Cn
ibox E
/s /t
113Uut
ibox E
/s /t
114Fl
ibox E
/s /t
115Uup
ibox E
/s /t
116Lv
ibox E
/s /t
117Uus
ibox E
/s /t
118Uuo
ibox E
/s /t
Extended 119E119
ibox E
/s /t
120E120
ibox E
/s /t
1 asterisk 57La
ibox E
/s /t
58Ce
ibox E
/s /t
59Pr
ibox E
/s /t
60Nd
ibox E
/s /t
61Pm
ibox E
/s /t
62Sm
ibox E
/s /t
63Eu
ibox E
/s /t
64Gd
ibox E
/s /t
65Tb
ibox E
/s /t
66Dy
ibox E
/s /t
67Ho
ibox E
/s /t
68Er
ibox E
/s /t
69Tm
ibox E
/s /t
70Yb
ibox E
/s /t
71Lu
ibox E
/s /t
 
1 asterisk 89Ac
ibox E
/s /t
90Th
ibox E
/s /t
91Pa
ibox E
/s /t
92U
ibox E
/s /t
93Np
ibox E
/s /t
94Pu
ibox E
/s /t
95Am
ibox E
/s /t
96Cm
ibox E
/s /t
97Bk
ibox E
/s /t
98Cf
ibox E
/s /t
99Es
ibox E
/s /t
100Fm
ibox E
/s /t
101Md
ibox E
/s /t
102No
ibox E
/s /t
103Lr
ibox E
/s /t
 
Category:Periodic table infobox templates (by element) · Category:Infobox element templates (subtemplates)
Sandboxes: {{Infobox element/sandbox}} · {{Infobox element/testcases}}