Texarkana (Amtrak station)
|Address||100 East Front Street
Texarkana, AR 71854
|Connections||Texarkana Urban Transit District|
|Platforms||1 side platform|
|Owned by||Jeff Sandefur|
|Passengers (2013)||8,903 0.6%|
Texarkana Union Station
|Location||State Line and Front St., Texarkana, Texas, USA|
|MPS||Historic Railroad Depots of Arkansas MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||78000611|
|Added to NRHP||November 19, 1978|
Texarkana Union Station or the Texarkana Amtrak station is a historic train station in Texarkana, Arkansas, United States served by Amtrak, the national railroad passenger system. Although the Arkansas-Texas border bisects the center of the structure, the current Amtrak waiting room and ticket office is located in a former Railway Express Agency office on the Arkansas side of the structure. When Amtrak's Texas Eagle is stopped in Texarkana, the west end of the train is in Texas, and the east end of the train is in Arkansas. The station was built in 1928 and is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
Texarkana Union Station was constructed and operated by Union Station Trust, a subsidiary organization created as a joint effort between the Missouri-Pacific, Texas & Pacific, Cotton Belt and Kansas City Southern railroads. E.M. Tucker, chief architect for Missouri Pacific, designed the building with a track layout and overhead concourse reminiscent of the style he had used when rebuilding Little Rock Union Depot after a 1921 fire.
The present structure replaced an earlier Texarkana station on the same site, and was opened for business on April 17, 1930, with a large celebration and dedication held on May 12, 1930, according to Missouri Pacific Lines Magazine, June 1930. The station and the federal courthouse anchor the south and north ends of State Line Avenue, the dividing line between Arkansas and Texas. In 1876, Congress mandated that the Texarkana railroad station would straddle the state line, and the building has entrances and exits into both states. Missouri Pacific and Texas and Pacific, the two carriers with the most passenger trains serving Texarkana Union Station, were able to operate through the facility without a backup move. Kansas City Southern and Cotton Belt passenger trains both made back-up moves to access the station.
Provisions were made in the original station design for a restaurant, but as a result of the Great Depression, the only food service was provided by a snack bar and news stand.
The station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.
Name trains serving Texarkana Union Station
- Missouri Pacific Railroad and Texas and Pacific Railway
- Kansas City Southern
- Flying Crow
- Southern Belle
- Cotton Belt
- Lone Star
- Morning Star
Mail and express service
During the heyday of private railroad passenger train service, Texarkana served as a major distribution point for mail and express, and a large Terminal Railway Post Office was located in and adjacent to the station. In addition, express cars originating at such distant points as New York City were routed to Texarkana, where the shipments were sorted for transportation in different trains to their final destination.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Miller County, Arkansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Bowie County, Texas
- Amtrak – Stations – Texarkana, AR
- Texarkana Amtrak Station (USA Rail Guide -- Train Web)
- Texarkana Union Station (Cotton Belt Railway website)
- OAG Travel Information (Texarkana Union Station)
- Flickr Photo
- Texarkana (TXA)--Great American Stations (Amtrak)