Town with county rights

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A town with county rights (or urban county, Hungarian: megyei jogú város) is a level of administrative subdivision in Hungary which can be considered as a city in some English-speaking countries. All county seats and localities with more than 50,000 inhabitants are given this status by the Hungarian Parliament and the President. On the other hand, this title cannot be taken back by any law so towns like Hódmezővásárhely or Dunaújváros that are neither county seat nor inhabited by more than 50,000 people are still megyei jogú város. Since 2006, there are 23 towns with county rights.[1] Before 1950, the former so-called towns with municipal rights (törvényhatósági jogú város) had a similar status as the present urban counties.

Budapest is not considered as an urban county and has a special status among the other Hungarian towns.

Every town with county rights is allowed to be subdivised into sectors. The representative body is the General Meeting (közgyűlés) which elects with the County Assembly a council that takes care of different tasks related to the county.[2]

History[edit]

Between 1954 and 1971, the four largest regional cities received the megyei jogú város title. These were Debrecen, Miskolc, Pécs and Szeged. Then, from 1971 to 1990, the four precedent cities and Győr had a new status called county town (megyei város) which was given in 1989 to three other towns: Salgótarján, Nyíregyháza and Kecskemét. After the end of Communism, this status was deleted and replaced by the urban counties as until 1971. The eight megyei város and twelve more towns became megyei jogú város.

List[edit]

Coats
of arms
City County Population
(2013)
Urban county
since
BlasonHU-bekescsaba.svg Békéscsaba FLAG-Békés-megye.svg Békés 61 046 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-debrecen.svg Debrecen FLAG-Hajdú-Bihar-megye.svg Hajdú-Bihar 204 333 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-dunaujvaros.svg Dunaújváros FLAG-Fejér-megye.svg Fejér 46 813 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-eger.svg Eger FLAG-Heves-megye.svg Heves 54 867 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-erd.svg Érd FLAG-Pest-megye.svg Pest 63 333 Increase 2006
BlasonHU-gyor.svg Győr FLAG-Gyor-Moson-Sopron-megye.svg Győr-Moson-Sopron 128 567 Increase 1990
BlasonHU-hodmezovasarhely.svg Hódmezővásárhely FLAG-Csongrad-megye.svg Csongrád 45 700 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-kaposvar.svg Kaposvár FLAG-Somogy-megye.svg Somogy 65 337 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-kecskemet.svg Kecskemét FLAG-Bacs-Kiskun-megye.svg Bács-Kiskun 111 863 Increase 1990
BlasonHU-miskolc.svg Miskolc FLAG-Borsod-Abauj-Zemplén-megye.svg Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén 162 905 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-nagykanizsa.svg Nagykanizsa FLAG-Zala-megye.svg Zala 49 070 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-nyiregyhaza.svg Nyíregyháza Flag-Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg-megye.svg Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 118 185 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-pecs.svg Pécs FLAG-Baranya-megye.svg Baranya 147 719 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-salgotarjan.svg Salgótarján FLAG-Nograd.svg Nógrád 37 199 Decrease 1994
BlasonHU-sopron.svg Sopron FLAG-Gyor-Moson-Sopron-megye.svg Győr-Moson-Sopron 60 528 Increase 1990
BlasonHU-szeged.svg Szeged FLAG-Csongrad-megye.svg Csongrád 161 837 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-szekszard.svg Szekszárd FLAG-Tolna-megye.svg Tolna 33 599 Decrease 1994
BlasonHU-szekesfehervar.svg Székesfehérvár FLAG-Fejér-megye.svg Fejér 99 247 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-szolnok.svg Szolnok FLAG-Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok.svg Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok 73 193 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-szombathely.svg Szombathely FLAG-Vas-megye.svg Vas 77 547 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-tatabanya.svg Tatabánya FLAG-Komárom-Esztergom-megye.svg Komárom-Esztergom 67 406 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-veszprem.svg Veszprém FLAG-Veszprém-megye.svg Veszprém 60 876 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-zalaegerszeg.svg Zalaegerszeg FLAG-Zala-megye.svg Zala 59 618 Decrease 1990

References[edit]

External links[edit]