A cervical vertebra. (Transverse process labeled at upper right.)
A thoracic vertebra. (Transverse process labeled at center.)
|Latin||processus transversus vertebrae|
|Anatomical terms of bone|
The transverse processes (la. processus transversus) of a vertebra, two in number, project one at either side from the point where the lamina joins the pedicle, between the superior and inferior articular processes. They serve for the attachment of muscles and ligaments.
The transverse process of a lumbar vertebra is also called costal or costiform process (processus costiforme or processus costalis in Latin) by some anatomists, because it corresponds to a rudimentary rib (costa) which, as opposed to the thorax, is not developed in the lumbar region.
- Standring, Susan (2008) Gray's Anatomy p.746 Thoraci vertebrae
- Platzer (2004), pp 42-43
- Latin costa refers to either a "rib" or "side" of the body. (Diab (1999), p 76)
- Tweedie, A. The library of medicine p.31
- Heinz Feneis, Wolfgang Dauber (2000) Pocket Atlas of Human Anatomy: Based on the International Nomenclature p.2
- Diab, Mohammad (1999). Lexicon of Orthopaedic Etymology. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 90-5702-597-3.
- Platzer, Werner (2004). Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Locomotor System (5th ed.). Thieme. ISBN 3-13-533305-1.
- Anatomy figure: 02:01-10 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center
- Anatomy figure: 18:02-01 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center
- Photo of model at Waynesburg College skeleton2/transverseprocess
- Atlas image: back_bone28 at the University of Michigan Health System
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