transverse processes ( la. processus transversus) of a vertebra, two in number, project one at either side from the point where the lamina joins the pedicle, between the superior and inferior articular processes. They serve for the attachment of muscles and ligaments.
The transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae articulate with the tubercle of the
rib. [1 ]
The transverse process of a
lumbar vertebra is also called costal [2 ] or [3 ] costiform process ( [4 ] processus costiforme or processus costalis in latin) by some anatomists, because it corresponds to a rudimentary rib ( costa) which, as opposed to the thorax, is not developed in the lumbar region. [5 ] [4 ]
Additional images [ edit ]
Transverse processes and processus costalis in the sacrum
Vertebral arches of three thoracic vertebræ viewed from the front.
Costovertebral articulations. Anterior view.
Costotransverse articulation. Seen from above.
A vertebra seen from above.
A vertebra seen from the side.
Cervical vertebra viewed posteriorly.
Cervical vertebra viewed from atop.
Thoracic vertebra viewed from atop.
Lower thoracic vertebra and upper lumbar seen from a lateral view.
Thoracic vertebra seen from above.
Lumbar vertebra viewed laterally.
Lumbar vertebra viewed from above.
^ Standring, Susan (2008) Gray's Anatomy p.746 Thoraci vertebrae
^ Platzer (2004), pp 42-43
^ Latin costa refers to either a "rib" or "side" of the body. (Diab (1999), p 76)
^ a b Tweedie, A. The library of medicine p.31
^ Heinz Feneis, Wolfgang Dauber (2000) Pocket Atlas of Human Anatomy: Based on the International Nomenclature p.2
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy .
specific ribs ( 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, true – 1–7, false – 8–12, floating – 11–12)
parts ( Angle, Tubercle, Costal groove, Neck, Head)