Identity cards, theoretically obligatory for all citizens, male and female, existed already in the late Ottoman Empire. They were known in Turkish as nüfus tezkeresi. To the Slavic (Macedonian, in modern terms) subjects of the Ottoman state they were known colloquially as nofuz (Macedonian or Bulgarian: нофуз).
Ministry of Interior of Turkey is still working for release a new kind identity cards for all Turkish citizens. New identity cards will be biometric as well as passport, and can be used as bank card, bus ticket or at international trips.
1 Officially the Republic of China, partially unrecognised. 2 Kosovo's declaration of Independence is not universally recognised and Serbia holds that Kosovo is an integral part of its territory. 3Transcontinental country.
Biometric identity cards () are indicated in italics.