Sketch of the Church of Turmānīn, c. 480 A.D.
|Elevation||428 m (1,404 ft)|
|Population (2004 census)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Turmanin (Arabic: ترمانين) is a town in northern Syria, administratively part of the Idlib Governorate, located north of Idlib. Nearby localities include al-Dana and Sarmada to the southwest, Darat Izza to the northeast and Atarib to the south. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Turmanin had a population of 10,394 in the 2004 census.
The town is notable for the ruins of an ancient basilica in its vicinity. The Basilica, built around 480 AD, was an important influence on later church architecture, and operated as a monastery and a hospice that was noted for its care for the dying.
The ruins of the Byzantine monastery of Deir Turmanin, are located northeast of the modern village. The monastery buildings are built around paved courtyard containing two cisterns, a sarcophagus and several tombs. The ruins include a building that housed the monks' dormitories, and the large 5th-century basilica. The twin-towered facade of the church had a colonnade above the portal. The towers were three-stories high and were roofed with gables. The church was probably donated by wealthy patrons. Evidence at the site suggests that the monks were involved in agricultural activity and kept livestock.
- General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Idlib Governorate. (Arabic)
- "The Architecture of San Agustin". 26 December 2007. Retrieved 2012-07-22.
- Otto, Randall (Spring 2001). "Care For The Dying: The Church and Hospice". Quodlibet Journal (Scott David Foutz) 3 (2). ISSN 1526-6575.
- Baedeker, 1876, p. 555.
- Bowden; Lavan; Machado, 2004, p. 464.