USCGC Fir (WLM-212)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (March 2011)|
|Career (United States)|
|Operator:||United States Lighthouse Service
United States Coast Guard
|Builder:||Moore Drydock Company, Oakland, California|
|Yard number:||Hull number 194|
|Laid down:||7 January 1939|
|Launched:||18 May 1939|
|Sponsored by:||Miss Harriet Birta Mason|
|Christened:||18 May 1939|
|Commissioned:||1 October 1940 (USCG)|
|Decommissioned:||1 October 1991|
|Maiden voyage:||18 August 1939 to Portland, Oregon|
|Nickname:||Mother Fir, Building 212|
|Queen of the Fleet 30 May 1988|
|Status:||U.S. National Register of Historical Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
|Notes:||Call sign NRYR|
|Class & type:||Hollyhock class, type A|
|Type:||Coast Guard, Auxiliary, General, Lighthouse tender WAGL; Coastal Buoy tender, WLM|
|Length:||174 ft 8 1⁄2 in (53.251 m)|
|Draft:||11 ft 3 in (3.43 m)|
|Ice class:||Reinforced bow and stern. Ice-belt at water-line, notched forefoot.|
2 triple-expansion steam, horizontal engines;
2 oil-fired Babcock & Wilcox watertube boilers
Diesel conversion: (1951)
2 four-cylinder Fairbanks-Morse 38D 8-1/8
2 Detroit Diesel 100kW generators
1,000 shp (750 kW) (steam)
1,350 shp (1,010 kW) (diesel)
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
|Range:||2,000 mi (3,200 km)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 1 warrant officer, 69 enlisted (1945)|
|Radar: SO-1 (1945); CS (1966). Sonar: WEA-2 (1945); UNQ-1 (1966)|
|Armament:||1 × 3-inch gun
2 × 20mm/80 single-mount cannons
M2 Browning machine gun
2 × depth charge tracks (1945)
M60 Machine guns were added in 1957
|Notes:||Deck gear: boom, electrically powered, 20 ton hoisting capacity (1940); replaced in 1982 with hydraulic boom and A-frame system with a 15 ton hoisting capacity|
|Location||As of June 2010: Pier 38, San Francisco, California.|
|Governing body||US National Park Service.|
|NRHP Reference #||92001880|
|Added to NRHP||27 April 1992|
|Designated NHL||27 April 1992|
The United States Coast Guard Cutter Fir (WAGL/WLM 212) was the last lighthouse tender built specifically for the United States Lighthouse Service to resupply lighthouses and lightships, and to service buoys. Fir was built by the Moore Drydock Company in Oakland, California in 1939. On 22 March 1939, the U.S. Lighthouse Tender Fir was launched. She was steam driven with twin screws, 175 feet (53 m) in length, had a beam of 32 feet (9.8 m), drew 11 feet 3 inches (3.43 m) of water, and displaced 885 tons. Fir was fitted with a reinforced bow and stern, and an ice-belt at her water-line for icebreaking. She was built with classic lines and her spaces were lavishly appointed with mahogany, teak, and brass. The crew did intricate ropework throughout the ship. The cost to build Fir was approximately US$390,000. Fir's homeport was Seattle, Washington for all but one of her fifty one years of service when she was temporarily assigned to Long Beach, California when USCGC Walnut was decommissioned on 1 July 1982.
On 1 July 1939 the United States Lighthouse Service became a part of the United States Coast Guard. On 1 October 1940 Fir was commissioned as the United States Coast Guard Cutter Fir (WAGL-212). With the onset of World War II Fir was assigned to the U.S. Department of the Navy and painted battleship grey. The following armament was installed for war service: M2 Browning machine guns, a 3 inch gun, and depth charges. Her wartime duties included picket duty, towing gunnery targets, and patrolling the Washington and Oregon coasts. In 1965, Fir was reclassified as a USCG coastal buoy tender (WLM).
On 27 May 1988, after the decommissioning of USCGC Ingham, Fir gained the distinction as the U.S. Coast Guard's oldest commissioned cutter. In accordance with a Coast Guard custom, she displayed gold hull numbers on her bow and was designated as "Queen of the Fleet" on 30 May 1988. On 1 October 1990, the 200th anniversary year of the U.S. Coast Guard, Fir was honored again with the celebration on her 50th birthday. One year later, on 1 October 1991 Fir was decommissioned, and; on 27 April 1992 was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Secretary of the Interior.
During her career, Fir was a multi-mission ship whose accomplishments mirrored the changing American maritime scene, and the needs of the U.S. Coast Guard for more than half a century. Fir's primary duties included resupplying coal, potable water, food, and other vital provisions; icebreaking, aids to navigation (ATON) maintenance, delivery and pick-up of U.S. Mail for lightships and lighthouses on the Washington and Oregon coasts. Fir tended the lightships at Umatilla Reef off La Push, Washington and Swiftsure Bank at the entrance of the Strait of Juan de Fuca Washington. In addition to servicing aids to navigation (ATON), Fir stood war duties during World War II, performed search and rescue missions, marine environmental protection, and law enforcement. For her last project, Fir was tasked to do what she was originally built for in 1939. In July 1991, Fir renovated and restored the Cape Flattery Lighthouse on Tatoosh Island at the entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
There is successor cutter also named Fir, USCGC Fir (WLB-213), currently in active use by the Coast Guard, which is a 225-foot (69 m) cutter. She was launched in 2003 and is based in Astoria, Oregon.
Fir was launched in the United States Lighthouse Service, but completed under the U.S. Coast Guard, making her the last United States Lighthouse Service tender constructed. Sea trials were held on San Francisco Bay on 17 August 1939. The Trial Board consisted of R. R. Tinkham, Chief Lighthouse Engineer, Portland, Oregon; W. C. Dibrell, Superintendent of Lighthouses, Ketchikan, Alaska with F. C. Hingsburg, Superintendent of Lighthouses, Portland, Oregon, acting as his alternate; and F. H. Conant, Assistant Lighthouse Engineer, San Francisco, California. On 18 August 1939, Fir departed for Portland, Oregon. On 30 December 1939, she received orders to proceed to Lake Union, Seattle, Washington. She was commissioned as the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Fir (WAGL-212) on 1 October 1940. On 4 November 1949 Fir rescued 19 persons from MV Andalucia off Neah Bay, Washington. In 1954 Fir assisted the distressed SS Beloit Victory near Destruction Island, Washington.
In early June 1958 USS Tinian was taken in tow at Tacoma, Washington, by the U.S. Navy Military Sea Transportation Service's tugboat USNS Yuma, destined for San Diego. California. While very near the Swiftsure Bank lightship at the entrance of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, Yuma developed engine troubles. Yuma's distress call brought Fir to her rescue. The crew of the Swiftsure lightship went to general quarters, ready to assist. Fir then escorted Yuma and Tinian to safety. On 9 June 1958, Yuma and Tinian arrived at San Diego, California. In 1959 Fir was engaged in a major search operation for a downed U.S. Navy plane in her operations area. Brief video footage of Fir can seen in a 1961 season episode of Sea Hunt titled "Skipper". The tender is raising what appears to be a damaged Coast Guard patrol boat. In 1962 Fir salvaged a submerged U.S. Coast Guard HO4S helicopter which had crashed in her operations area. In 1968 Fir assisted in firefighting operations at Todd Shipyards in Seattle, Washington.
Fir was decommissioned on 1 October 1991, one year after her 50th birthday. Over 600 attendees were on hand to honor the last surviving lighthouse tender in US Coast Guard service. The oldest commissioned cutter award was presented to CDR Philip E. Sherer, USCG, commanding officer of the USCGC Storis, by Fir's commanding officer, LCDR Nutting, USCG.
After decommissioning, Fir remained in Seattle, Washington for many years while efforts were made to turn her into a floating museum. When these efforts failed, she was transferred to the United States Maritime Administration (MARAD) facility, Suisun Bay, California, in 1997. Her shafts and rudder locked, she was towed 930 miles by USCGC Mariposa to San Francisco's Golden Gate where she was met by a commercial tug that towed her the rest of the way to Suisun Bay. Significant objects were removed from the vessel and stored at a U.S. Coast Guard facility in Forestville, Maryland.
On 27 April 1992 Fir was placed on the U.S. National Register of Historical Places and designated a US National Historic Landmark. She was transferred to the Liberty Maritime Museum, Sacramento, California on 30 September 2002.
As of 26 May 2014, Fir is listed for sale at US$360,000.
Awards and honors
National Defense Service Medal with two stars
U.S. National Historic Landmark
USCGC Fir has had a varied career.
In 2002, she was transferred to the Liberty Maritime Museum, and towed to the Port of Sacramento.
In November 2007, Fir was put up for sale at an asking price $95,000. The mailing address for the museum is in Sacramento, but the ship was physically located across the river from Rio Vista at . In May 2008, the webpage reports "Fir is sold!".[clarification needed]
As of June 2010, Fir is moored at Pier 38, San Francisco.
Fir is owned by Curt Lind and has been restored by Thomas Young.
|USCGC Fir (WLM-212)|
|Media related to USCGC Fir (WLM-212) at Wikimedia Commons|
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Fir (Lighthouse Tender)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "USCGC Fir (WLB-213) History". Cutters, Craft & U.S. Coast Guard-Manned Army & Navy Vessels. US Coast Guard Historians Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- "Fir, 1940". Cutters, Craft & U.S. Coast Guard-Manned Army & Navy Vessels. US Coast Guard Historians Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- "Adventure Yacht Ex-Lighthouse Tender, San Francisco Bay Delta, CA". Yacht World. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
- Shanks, Ralph (1991). "U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Fir (WLM 212) National Historic Landmark Study". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (pdf). National Park Service. April 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-05-20. Note this source document excluded the USCGC Fir from Washington and California, and lists her at her once-intended home in Staten Island, New York.
- "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
- "National Register Information System". National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-08-15. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
- "Liberty Maritime Museum photos of towing to Rio Vista in May 2003". Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "Fir put up for sale". November 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "Lighthouse Tender FIR (WLM-212) Now for Sale!". Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "Google Maps view of the Fir". Retrieved 2012-08-31.[not in citation given]
- "Google Maps view of Fir's current location". Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- Young, Thomas. "Mother Fir". motherfir.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01.[unreliable source?]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USCGC Fir (WLM-212).|
- "Maritime Heritage of the United State NHL Theme Study Large Vessels / Fir (Lighthouse Tender)" (pdf). Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "Accompanying Photos" (pdf). Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "US Coast Guard Cutter Fir (WLM-212): A Lighthouse / Buoy Tender for the Pacific Northwest" (pdf). HAER Report No. WA-167. National Park Service. December 2001. Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- "U.S. Coast Guard 180-Foot Buoy Tenders" (pdf). Retrieved 2012-08-31. The illustrated Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) for the National Park Service on the White-class buoy tenders; the report contains a detailed history of this class of tender, including historic photographs as well as a complete set of plans. (pdf file)
- One hundred photos of Fir, taken inside and out in January 2008
USCGC Ingham (WHEC-35)
|United States Coast Guard "Queen of the Fleet"
USCGC Storis (WMEC-38)