Ultima II: The Revenge of the Enchantress

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Ultima II: The Revenge of the Enchantress
Ultima II cover.jpg
DOS cover
Developer(s) Richard Garriott
Publisher(s) Sierra On-Line, Origin Systems (re-release)
Designer(s) Richard Garriott
Platform(s) Apple II, Atari 800, Atari ST, Commodore 64, DOS, FM Towns, Macintosh, MSX2, NEC PC-9801, FM-7
Release date(s) August 24, 1982
Genre(s) Role-playing video game
Mode(s) Single player
Distribution Floppy disk

Ultima II: The Revenge of the Enchantress, released on August 24, 1982 (USCO# PA-317-502), is the second role-playing video game in the Ultima series.

It was also the only official Ultima game published by Sierra On-Line. Controversy with Sierra over royalties for the PC port of this game led the series creator Richard Garriott to start his own company, Origin Systems.[1]

Gameplay[edit]

The main overhead view of Ultima II. The player is on the Italian Peninsula on Earth in the year 1423 BC. There is a town to the west.

The gameplay is very similar to the previous game in the series, Ultima. The scope of the game is bigger, in that there are several more places to explore, even though some of them (like most of the solar system planets and the dungeons and towers) are optional and not required to complete the game.

In the game, the player has to travel to several different time periods of Earth, using time doors. The periods are the Time of Legends (a mythological period), Pangea (about 300 to 250 million years ago), B.C. (1423, "before the dawn of civilization"), A.D. (1990), and the Aftermath (after 2112).[2] The player also has to travel to space, where all the planets in the solar system can be visited.[2]

Plot[edit]

From the game's story, the player learns that the lover of the dark wizard Mondain, the enchantress Minax, is threatening Earth through disturbances in the space-time continuum. The player must guide a hero through time and the solar system in order to defeat her evil plot.

The young Minax survived her mentor's and lover's death at the hands of the Stranger (in Ultima I) and went into hiding. Several years later, Minax got older and very powerful, more so than Mondain once was.[2][3] Minax wanted to avenge the death of her lover, so she used the time doors created by Mondain's defeat to travel to the Time of Legends, a place located at the origin of times.[2] From there, she sent her evil minions to all the different time eras; she also used her dark powers to disturb the fabric of time and influence men, who ultimately destroyed each other in the far future, nearly wiping out humanity.[2]

Lord British called for a hero to crush Minax's evil plans. The Stranger once again answered British's call.[2] The game begins with the Stranger starting his quest to defeat Minax. Minax's castle, named Shadowguard, can only be reached through time doors (similar to moongates in the later games); even then an enchanted ring is required to pass through the force fields inside. The war against Minax's vile legions is long and hard, but eventually the hero hunts down the sorceress to the Time of Legends, pursues her as she teleports throughout the castle, and destroys her with the quicksword Enilno (online backwards).

It's interesting to note that this game is set on Earth. Even though Ultima I is set on the fictional land of Sosaria, Ultima II borrowed characters and the story of Ultima I, but relocated them to Earth with no explanation. Later games in the Ultima series ret-conned this, and assumed that Ultima II actually happened on Sosaria,[3] not Earth, to create a continuity among the games.

Development and versions[edit]

Ultima II was Garriott's first program that he wrote completely in assembly language[4] instead of interpreted BASIC. Playing speed and reaction time were vastly improved over the original release of Ultima I. Since Garriott was attending the University of Texas at the time it took him almost two years to create Ultima II,[5] including learning assembly in one month from Tom Luhrs, the author of the popular Apple II arcade game Apple-oids.[6]

Ultima II was the first game in the series to include a cloth map inside the box, which would become a staple of the franchise. This map, which illustrated how the time doors were linked, was inspired by the one seen in the film Time Bandits.[7] California Pacific Computer, which published Garriott's first two games, had financial difficulties and did not pay full royalties; when other publishers approached him Garriott insisted on including the map. Sierra On-Line agreed and provided Garriott, who had left the university, with technical assistance as he developed his first major assembly-language project.[6] Two versions of this map were produced. The first version is of a heavier and thicker material. This map can be found in the large boxed (8"x11") Apple II and Atari 800 versions of the game. Later production runs of the game featured a much smaller box and a lighter weight map.

Ultima II was also the first game to be officially ported to platforms other than the Apple II. Versions for the IBM PC with CGA composite graphics, Commodore 64, Atari ST, Atari 800 and Apple Macintosh were published. (An Atari 800 version of Ultima I was published in 1982, some considerable time after Ultima II's release; the Atari ST and Macintosh versions of Ultima II were published in 1985.)

Despite reservations of Richard Garriott and Chuck Bueche, the original Apple II version of the game was copy-protected using its new Spiradisc system.[8]

The original Apple Ultima II received an audiovisual upgrade in 1989, bringing its graphics up to date with more recent games in the series much as was done with Ultima I. This "enhanced" version was only available as part of the Ultima Trilogy I-II-III box set released that year and discontinued only months later. (The Commodore and IBM versions of the Ultima Trilogy include the original, unenhanced versions of the game for their respective platforms.)

The game was re-released several times later in CD-ROM PC compilations, including 1998's Ultima Collection. All these re-releases are missing necessary map files for most planets other than Earth; however, the map for "Planet X" is intact and the game is still winnable. Modern computers also generate a divide by zero error when attempting to run the game. These issues are addressed with patches created by Voyager Dragon, a fan of the series, and are available on his website the Exodus Project.[9] The game is known to run without errors and at an acceptable speed in a DOSBox environment, provided the missing map files are present.

Reception[edit]

Computer Gaming World in 1983 gave Ultima II a positive review, noting its vast improvements over the original, particularly in the amount of detail. The magazine also praised the great scope of the work, even though little of it is necessary to complete the game; it suggested that additional scenarios would be added leading up to an "Ultimate" quest.[10] In 1991 the magazine called it "a good sequel to the original game".[11] PC Magazine gave Ultima II 15.5 points out of 18, also praising the game's "great big wonderful world".[12]

Ultima II sold over 50,000 in 1982, and over 100,000 copies to date.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Official Book of Ultima (second edition), page 25.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Ultima II: The Revenge of the Enchantress Manual. Origin Systems. 1982. 
  3. ^ a b Ultima IV: Quest for the Avatar Manual: The History of Britannia. Origin Systems. 1985. 
  4. ^ Garriott, Richard (July 1988). "Lord British Kisses and Tells All / as told by His Royal Highness, High King of Britannia". Computer Gaming World. p. 28. 
  5. ^ The Official Book of Ultima, page 23.
  6. ^ a b Maher, Jimmy (2012-10-11). "The Wizardry and Ultima Sequels". The Digital Antiquarian. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  7. ^ The Official Book of Ultima, page 17.
  8. ^ Levy, Steven (2010). "Chapter 19: Applefest". Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution (25th Anniversary Edition). O'Reilly Media. pp. 326–332. ISBN 978-1449388393. 
  9. ^ Michael C. Maggio. "The Exodus Project - Projects - Ultima II". Exodus.voyd.net. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  10. ^ McPherson, James (Mar–April 1983). "Ultima II: A Review". Computer Gaming World. pp. 23, 45. 
  11. ^ Scorpia (October 1991). "C*R*P*G*S / Computer Role-Playing Game Survey". Computer Gaming World. p. 16. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Wiswell, Phil (1984-08-21). "Ultimate Sorcery". PC Magazine. p. 271. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  13. ^ The Official Book of Ultima (second edition), page 23.

External links[edit]