Union Station (Portland, Oregon)

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For the former Union Station in Portland, Maine, see Railroad history of Portland, Maine.
Union Station - Portland, Oregon
UnionStationPortland.jpg
Station statistics
Address 800 NW Sixth Ave.
Portland, OR 97209
Coordinates 45°31′44″N 122°40′36″W / 45.529°N 122.6768°W / 45.529; -122.6768Coordinates: 45°31′44″N 122°40′36″W / 45.529°N 122.6768°W / 45.529; -122.6768
Line(s)
Connections

TriMet buses: 17, 33 and 77
MAX Light Rail

via nearby Union Station/Northwest 6th & Hoyt Street and Union Station/Northwest 5th & Glisan Street stations

Tillamook County Transportation District
Greyhound Lines

Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach
Platforms 1 side platform, 2 island platforms
Tracks 5
Parking Yes
Bicycle facilities Yes
Other information
Opened 1896
Rebuilt 1996
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code PDX
Owned by City of Portland
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 652,445[1] Decrease 2.4% (Amtrak)
Services
Preceding station   BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak   Following station
toward Eugene
Cascades
toward Los Angeles
Coast Starlight
toward Seattle
Terminus Empire Builder
toward Chicago
Union Station
Union Station (Portland, Oregon) is located in Portland, Oregon
Union Station (Portland, Oregon)
Location NW 6th Ave., Portland, Oregon
Coordinates 45°31′45″N 122°40′32″W / 45.52917°N 122.67556°W / 45.52917; -122.67556
Area 7 acres (2.8 ha)
Built 1893
Architectural style Romanesque Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 75001595[2]
Added to NRHP August 6, 1975

Union Station is a train station near the west shore of the Willamette River in the Old Town Chinatown section of Portland, Oregon, United States.

Besides serving as an Amtrak station, the building contains offices on the upper floors, as well as Wilf's Restaurant and Piano Bar on the ground level. It also has Amtrak's first Metropolitan Lounge[3] (reserved for first-class sleeping car passengers) on the West Coast.

Southeast of the station, the tracks make a sharp turn and cross the river on the historic Steel Bridge. To the northwest, they follow the river, passing through rail yards before crossing the river again on the Burlington Northern Railroad Bridge 5.1.

The Portland Development Commission earns $200,000 a year from nearly 30 tenants. Amtrak, the main tenant, has a lease through 2010 with a renewal option through 2015.[4]

Transit services[edit]

Union Station serves as a transportation hub for Portland. Portland's Greyhound bus station is the next building to the south, having moved to a new building there (from a location in the center of downtown) in 1985.[5] Union Station connects to MAX Green and Yellow Line trains at the nearby Union Station/Northwest 6th & Hoyt Street and Union Station/Northwest 5th & Glisan Street stations, as well as local bus service provided by TriMet. Located at the northern end of TriMet's transit mall, Union Station is also only a short walk to both lines of the Portland Streetcar, in the Pearl District.

History[edit]

Union Station in 1913

The initial design for the station was created in 1882 by McKim, Mead, and White. Had the original plan been built, the station would have been the largest train station in the world.[6] A smaller plan was introduced by architects Van Brunt & Howe, and accepted in 1885. Construction of the station began in 1890. It was built by Northern Pacific Terminal Company at a cost of $300,000, and opened on February 14, 1896. The signature piece of the structure is the 150 ft. tall Romanesque Revival clock tower. The neon signs were added to it in 1948.[7][8] The signs read "Go by Train" on the northeast and southwest sides and "Union Station" on the northwest and southeast sides.

The station was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.[9]

The neon signs on the tower went dark in March 1971, because the railroads using it, Union Pacific, Burlington Northern and Southern Pacific, were preparing to transfer all of their remaining passenger services to Amtrak.[7] For that reason, the station's then-owner, the Portland Terminal Railroad (itself jointly owned by those three railroads), decided to discontinue operation of the signs.[7] In 1985, two local non-profit groups, the National Railway Historical Society (Pacific Northwest chapter) and the Oregon Association of Railway Passengers, led a fundraising campaign for public donations to enable the signs to be restored to operation.[7] New neon tubes, in place of the old, were installed in July,[10] and the signs were switched back on and returned to regular use in September 1985.[11] The "Union Station" signs remain illuminated continuously, while the "Go by Train" signs flash on and off,[10] in a sequence of "Go", then "Go by", then all three words, then off and on and repeat.

The clock tower with its blue and gold neon signs

In 1987, ownership of the station and surrounding land was transferred from Portland Terminal Railroad to the Portland Development Commission as part of the Downtown/Waterfront urban renewal district.[4] Shortly afterwards, Union Station underwent a renovation. It was rededicated in 1996.

In 2004, the roadway in front of the station was reconfigured, providing a new connection to the northwest and a forecourt. In addition, the area is being redeveloped, including new housing where railroad tracks once were.

A panoramic view of the interior of Union Station

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2013, State of Oregon" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ Metropolitan Lounge, trainweb.com.
  4. ^ a b Giarelli, Andrew (May 3, 2007). "Union Station has more needs than funds". The Oregonian. p. B3. 
  5. ^ Erickson, Steve (September 11, 1985). "Greyhound depot reaches end of line; new terminal opens in NW Portland". The Oregonian.
  6. ^ Giarelli, Andrew (May 3, 2007). "A 'pretty scary place' turns around". The Oregonian. p. B3. 
  7. ^ a b c d Federman, Stan (May 1, 1985). "Rail clock buffs want to light up your life". The Oregonian. p. 1. 
  8. ^ Gorsek, Christopher S. (2012). Portland's Pearl District. Arcadia Publishing. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-7385-9324-1. 
  9. ^ "National Register of Historic Places - Oregon, Multnomah County". Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  10. ^ a b McCarthy, Nancy (July 25, 1985). "Train-station signs add color". The Oregonian. p. B6. 
  11. ^ "Sneak preview" (photograph and caption). The Oregonian, September 19, 1985, p. 1.

External links[edit]