United States Senate elections, 1984

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United States Senate elections, 1984
United States
1982 ←
November 6, 1984
→ 1986

34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Bob Dole, PCCWW photo portrait.JPG Robert Byrd Majority Portrait.jpg
Leader Bob Dole Robert Byrd
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Kansas West Virginia
Last election 54 seats 46 seats
Seats before 55 45
Seats won 53 47
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase2
Popular vote 22,850,493 23,079,278
Percentage 49.3% 49.8%
Swing Increase5.9% Decrease 4.3%

1984 Senate election map.svg

  Republican hold
  Republican gain
  Democratic holds
  Democratic gain

Majority Leader before election

Howard Baker
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Bob Dole
Republican

The 1984 United States Senate elections coincided with the landslide re-election of President Ronald Reagan in the 1984 presidential election. In spite of the lopsided presidential race, Reagan's Republican Party suffered a net loss of two Senate seats to the Democrats, although it retained control of the Senate and gained seats in the House.

Results summary[edit]

Parties Incumbents This
election
Result +/- Popular Vote
Not up Won Vote  %
  Democratic 45 31 16 47 Increase 2 23,079,278 49.82%
  Libertarian 0 0 0 0 Steady 160,798 0.35%
  Republican 55 36 17 53 Decrease 2 22,850,493 49.33%
Others 0 0 0 0 Steady 232,231 0.50%
Total 100 67 33 100 Steady 46,322,800 100.0%

Source: Election Statistics - Office of the Clerk

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 R55 R54 R53 R52 R51
Majority→
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43O D44O D45+ D46+ D47+ R53+ R52O R51
Majority→
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
 
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Summary of races[edit]

A bolded state name indicates an article about that state's election.

State Incumbent Party Result Other Candidates
Alabama Howell Heflin Democratic Re-elected Howell Heflin (Democratic) 62.7%
Albert L. Smith, Jr. (Republican) 36.4%
Yana Davis (Libertarian) 0.9%
Alaska Ted Stevens Republican Re-elected Ted Stevens (Republican) 71.2%
John E. Havelock (Democratic) 28.5%
Arkansas David Pryor Democratic Re-elected David Pryor (Democratic) 57.3%
Ed Bethune (Republican) 42.7%
Colorado William L. Armstrong Republican Re-elected William L. Armstrong (Republican) 64.2%
Nancy E. Dick (Democratic) 34.6%
Craig Green (Libertarian) 0.9%
David Martin (Socialist Workers) 0.2%
Earl Higgerson (Prohibition) 0.1%
Delaware Joe Biden Democratic Re-elected Joe Biden (Democratic) 60.1%
John M. Burris (Republican) 39.1%
Georgia Sam Nunn Democratic Re-elected Sam Nunn (Democratic) 79.9%
Jon M. Hicks (Republican) 20.1%
Idaho James A. McClure Republican Re-elected James A. McClure (Republican) 72.2%
Peter M. Busch (Democratic) 26.0%
Donald Billings (Libertarian) 1.8%
Illinois Charles H. Percy Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Paul Simon (Democratic) 50.1%
Charles H. Percy (Republican) 48.2%
Steven Givot (Libertarian) 1.2%
Marjorie Pries (Citizens) 0.2%
Nelson Gonzalez (Socialist Workers) 0.1%
Ishmael Flory (Communist) 0.1%
Iowa Roger Jepsen Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Tom Harkin (Democratic) 55.5%
Roger Jepsen (Republican) 43.7%
Garry De Young (Independent) 0.8%
Kansas Nancy Landon Kassebaum Republican Re-elected Nancy Landon Kassebaum (Republican) 76.0%
James R. Maher (Democratic) 21.2%
Lucille Bieger (Conservative) 0.9%
Marian Jackson (American) 0.7%
Douglas Merritt (Libertarian) 0.7%
Freda Steele (Prohibition) 0.5%
Kentucky Walter Huddleston Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Mitch McConnell (Republican) 49.9%
Walter Huddleston (Democratic) 49.5%
Dave Welters (Socialist Workers) 0.6%
Louisiana Bennett Johnston Jr. Democratic Re-elected Bennett Johnston Jr. (Democratic) 85.7%
Robert Max Ross (Republican) 8.9%
Maine William Cohen Republican Re-elected William Cohen (Republican) 73.3%
Libby Mitchell (Democratic) 25.9%
Ann Stoddard (Constitutionalist) 0.8%
Massachusetts Paul Tsongas Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
John Kerry (Democratic) 55.1%
Ray Shamie (Republican) 44.9%
Michigan Carl Levin Democratic Re-elected Carl Levin (Democratic) 51.8%
Jack R. Lousma (Republican) 47.2%
Minnesota Rudy Boschwitz Republican Re-elected Rudy Boschwitz (Republican) 58.1%
Joan Growe (Democratic) 41.3%
Mississippi Thad Cochran Republican Re-elected Thad Cochran (Republican) 60.9%
William Winter (Democratic) 39.1%
Montana Max Baucus Democratic Re-elected Max Baucus (Democratic) 56.9%
Chuck Cozzens (Republican) 40.7%
Neil Halprin (Libertarian) 2.4%
Nebraska J. James Exon Democratic Re-elected J. James Exon (Democratic) 51.9%
Nancy Hoch (Republican) 48.0%
New Hampshire Gordon J. Humphrey Republican Re-elected Gordon J. Humphrey (Republican) 58.7%
Norman D'Amours (Democratic) 41.0%
Saunder Primack (Libertarian) 0.3%
New Jersey Bill Bradley Democratic Re-elected Bill Bradley (Democratic) 64.2%
Mary V. Mochary (Republican) 35.2%
New Mexico Pete Domenici Republican Re-elected Pete Domenici (Republican) 71.9%
Judith A. Pratt (Democratic) 28.1%
North Carolina Jesse Helms Republican Re-elected Jesse Helms (Republican) 51.7%
Jim Hunt (Democratic) 47.8%
Oklahoma David L. Boren Democratic Re-elected David L. Boren (Democratic) 75.6%
Will E. Crozier (Republican) 23.4%
Robert Murphy (Libertarian) 0.9%
Oregon Mark Hatfield Republican Re-elected Mark Hatfield (Republican) 66.5%
Margie Hendriksen (Democratic) 33.4%
Rhode Island Claiborne Pell Democratic Re-elected Claiborne Pell (Democratic) 72.6%
Barbara Leonard (Republican) 27.4%
South Carolina Strom Thurmond Republican Re-elected Strom Thurmond (Republican) 66.8%
Melvin Purvis, Jr. (Democratic) 31.8%
South Dakota Larry Pressler Republican Re-elected Larry Pressler (Republican) 74.5%
George V. Cunningham (Democratic) 25.5%
Tennessee Howard Baker Republican Retired
Democratic gain
Al Gore (Democratic) 60.7%
Victor Ashe (Republican) 33.8%
Ed McAteer (Independent) 5.3%
Texas John Tower Republican Retired
Republican hold
Phil Gramm (Republican) 58.5%
Lloyd Doggett (Democratic) 41.4%
Virginia John Warner Republican Re-elected John Warner (Republican) 70.0%
Edythe C. Harrison (Democratic) 29.9%
West Virginia Jennings Randolph Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
Jay Rockefeller (Democratic) 51.8%
John Raese (Republican) 47.7%
Mary Radin (Socialist Workers) 0.5%
Wyoming Alan K. Simpson Republican Re-elected Alan K. Simpson (Republican) 78.3%
Victor A. Ryan (Democratic) 21.7%

References[edit]

  • Barone, Michael; Ujifusa, Grant (1985). The Almanac of American Politics 1986: The Senators, the Representatives and the Governors: Their Records and Election Results, Their States and Districts. 
  • Snider, William D. (1985). Helms and Hunt: The North Carolina Senate Race, 1984. University of North Carolina Press. 

See also[edit]