Val d'Orcia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Valdorcia)
Jump to: navigation, search
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Val d'Orcia
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Typical landscape of the Val d’Orcia
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, vi
Reference 1026
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2004 (28th Session)

The Val d’Orcia, or Valdorcia, is a region of Tuscany, central Italy, which extends from the hills south of Siena to Monte Amiata. It is characterised by gentle, carefully cultivated hills occasionally broken by gullies and by picturesque towns and villages such as Pienza (rebuilt as an “ideal town” in the 15th century under the patronage of Pope Pius II), Radicofani (home to the notorious brigand-hero Ghino di Tacco) and Montalcino (the Brunello di Montalcino is counted among the most prestigious of Italian wines). It is a landscape which has become familiar through its depiction in works of art from the Renaissance painting to the modern photograph.

World Heritage Site[edit]

In 2004 the Val d’Orcia was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites under these criteria:

  • Criterion (iv): The Val d’Orcia is an exceptional reflection of the way the landscape was re-written in Renaissance times to reflect the ideals of good governance and to create an aesthetically pleasing pictures.
  • Criterion (vi): The landscape of the Val d’Orcia was celebrated by painters from the Scuola Senese, which flourished during the Renaissance. Images of the Val d’Orcia, and particularly depictions of landscapes where people are depicted as living in harmony with nature, have come to be seen as icons of the Renaissance and have profoundly influenced the development of landscape thinking.
Val d'Orcia with Monte Amiata, view to the west from La Foce

Orcia DOC[edit]

Sangiovese vineyards in the Val D'Orcia, Monte Amiata in the background.

Within the Val d'Orcia is a strip of land following the Orcia river between the DOCG zones of Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano. Here the Sangiovese and Trebbiano-based wines are produced under the Orcia Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) status. The DOC red wine is composed of at least 60% Sangiovese with other local varieties, such as Abrusco, permitted to fill in the remainder of the blend. The dry white wine and Vin Santo style DOC wines are composed of at least 50% Trebbiano with other local varieties filling out the rest of the blend. All grapes destined for DOC wine production are limited to a maximum harvest yield of 10 tonnes/hectare with the finished wines required to have a minimum alcohol level of at least 12%.[1]

In popular culture[edit]

The book War in the Val D'Orcia by Iris Origo is a first hand account of World War II in this region.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Saunders, Peter Lionel (2004). Wine label language. Firefly Books Ltd. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-55297-720-0. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°04′N 11°33′E / 43.067°N 11.550°E / 43.067; 11.550