|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Antoin Scholten (VVD)|
|• Total||128.99 km2 (49.80 sq mi)|
|• Land||124.96 km2 (48.25 sq mi)|
|• Water||4.03 km2 (1.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||21 m (69 ft)|
|Population (August 2013)|
|• Density||803/km2 (2,080/sq mi)|
|Demonym||Venloër, Venlonaar, Venloënaar|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
In 2001, the (now former) municipalities of Belfeld and Tegelen were merged into the municipality of Venlo. Tegelen was originally part of the Duchy of Jülich centuries ago, whereas Venlo has a past in the Duchy of Guelders. On 1 January 2010, the (now former) municipality of Arcen en Velden, was merged into the municipality of Venlo.
The city of Venlo
History of the city
Roman and Celtic coins and remains of a Roman bridge across the river Meuse have been found in Venlo; it may have been the settlement known as Sablones on the Roman road connecting Maastricht with Xanten. Blerick, on the west bank, was known as Blariacum.
Documents from the 9th century mention Venlo as a trade post; it developed into one of the more important ones in the Meuse-Rhine area, receiving city rights in 1343, and becoming a member of the Hanseatic League in 1375.
Because of its strategic importance, the city of Venlo was besieged several times. The most significant siege was that of 1702, carried on by Menno van Coehoorn. Consequently, Venlo was incorporated into the Generaliteitslanden of the United Provinces and later became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Venlo in the Second World War
On November 9, 1939, two British Intelligence Service agents were kidnapped by the Sicherheitsdienst in what became known as the Venlo Incident. The incident was used by the Nazis to link Great Britain to Georg Elser's failed assassination of Hitler at the Bürgerbräukeller two days before and to justify their later invasion of the Netherlands, a neutral country, on 10 May 1940.
Because Venlo had both a road and a rail bridge over the river Meuse River ("Maas" in Dutch) the city was severely damaged during several bomb raids (13 October – 19 November 1944) on those bridges at the end of the war. The Allied forces made 13 attempts to destroy the bridges to cut the German supply lines and block a retreat of the German army across the river. These failed, and it was the retreating German troops who in the end blew up the bridges in an attempt to stop the allied advance. Allied forces liberated Venlo from the east, from inside Germany itself.
About 300 people were killed due to those raids. The raids also cost Venlo a major part of its historical buildings. However, some old buildings, such as the city hall (the 'Stadhuis') and the 'Römer' house, survived the war relatively unscathed.
Before the War, Venlo had an active Jewish community. After the war several members came back, but the community never returned to its pre-war size.
- Theatre "De Maaspoort"
- historical and cultural Museum "Limburgs Museum" and art Museum "Museum van Bommel van Dam"
- Popvenue Perron55
- Major annual cultural events
- Carnaval called "Vastelaovend" in February/March (6 weeks before Easter).
- Summer park festivities called "Zomerparkfeest" in August held in and around the main park of Venlo, a 4 days podium for a broad audience, including live music, film, dance, art etc.
In 2003 Venlo was awarded the title "Greenest city of Europe". In 2012 it hosted the Floriade.
The Venlo railway station is a junction station. It provides regular connections to the Dutch cities of Eindhoven, Roermond, and Nijmegen. Furthermore, it provides regular international connections to Germany, via Kaldenkirchen (the first stop in Germany) and Viersen to Mönchengladbach.
VVV-Venlo is a century-old football club that plays in De Koel Stadium. In the season 2008–2009, VVV-Venlo won the Eerste Divisie (Eerste Divisie) and was promoted to the highest Dutch professional football league: the Eredivisie.
The headquarters of multinational Océ is located in Venlo.
- Henri Alexis Brialmont, Dutch-born Belgian military engineer.
- Glenn Corneille, Acclaimed Dutch jazz pianist
- Paul Cox, award-winning Australian-based film director.
- Teun van Dijck, Dutch politician and one of the members of the PVV.
- Evert Dudok, President of EADS Astrium Space Transportation
- Michael Evans, Dutch footballer.
- Maico Gerritsen, Dutch footballer
- Hubert Goltzius, Renaissance painter, engraver, and printer
- Rick Hoogendorp, Dutch footballer
- Jens Janse, Dutch footballer
- Luc Joordens, Dutch footballer
- Saskia Linssen, Dutch model and actress
- Jos Luhukay, Dutch football coach and former player.
- Jo van Nunen, Dutch engineer and Professor of Logistics
- Will Sanders, an acclaimed hornist.
- Frank Scheffer, Dutch cinematographer and producer of documentary film,
- Jeu Sprengers, Dutch chairman of the Royal Netherlands Football Association
- Paul van der Sterren, chess grandmaster
- Boris Titulaer, Dutch singer. He was the winner of the second season of Idols in the Netherlands.
- Chriet Titulaer, Dutch astronomer and media personality
- Jolande Sap, Dutch politician
- Geert Wilders, Dutch politician. He has been a member of the Dutch Parliament since 1998, and is leader and chairperson of the PVV.
By the late 1990s, drug-related nuisance had become a problem in the centre of Venlo. National and municipal officials launched the Q-4 Project and Tango initiatives that, amongst other measures, included moving the town's largest coffee shops to the outskirts, where they continue to do business in a former rest stop. This was a win-win solution,[according to whom?] as the town was freed from disturbances and the coffee shops are now even closer to the expressways. Since Germany prohibits the sale of hashish and marihuana, German citizens cross the nearby border to purchase these substances. Venlo is connected to Germany by two motorways (i.e., Bundesautobahn 40 and Bundesautobahn 61), which connect to Düsseldorf, Cologne, and the Ruhr area within one hour.
- "Burgemeester en wethouders" [Mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Venlo. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Postcodetool for 5911HT". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- Snippe, J.; Naayer, H.; Bieleman, B. (2006), Hektor in 2005. Evaluatie aanpak drugsoverlast in Venlo, Groningen/Rotterdam: Interval/WODC
||Horst aan de Maas||Bergen||Geldern (DE-NW)|
|Peel en Maas / Meuse||Straelen (DE-NW)|
|Beesel||Brüggen (DE-NW)||Nettetal (DE-NW)|