List of municipalities of the Netherlands

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Map showing the municipal boundaries in the Netherlands in 2013
Map of municipalities of the Netherlands after the mergers of 1 January 2014
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
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There are 403 regular municipalities (gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands. Municipalities are the second-level administrative division in the Netherlands and are subdivisions of their respective provinces. Their duties are delegated to them by the central government and they are ruled by a municipal council that is elected every four years. Municipal mergers have reduced the total number of municipalities by two-thirds since the first official boundaries were created in the mid 19th century. Municipalities themselves are informally subdivided into districts and neighbourhoods for administrative and statistical purposes.

These municipalities come in a wide range of sizes, Schoonhoven is the smallest at 6.92 km2 (2.67 sq mi) and Súdwest-Fryslân the largest with an area of 841.56 km2 (324.93 sq mi). Schiermonnikoog is both the least populous municipality and has the lowest population density with 938 inhabitants for a density of 700121000000000000021 /km2 (54 /sq mi). Amsterdam has the highest population with 810,909 residents, whereas The Hague is most densely populated with a density of 70036131000000000006,131 /km2 (15,880 /sq mi).

Municipal status[edit]

As a second level administrative division municipalities are the third tier of public administration in the Netherlands after the central government and the provinces.[1][2] The Netherlands is a decentralized unitary state, which means that the central government is supreme and delegates certain tasks to lower levels of government by law.[3] The different levels do, however, make work agreements, which give municipalities a certain degree of independence in their policy decisions. Municipalities are responsible for a wide variety of public services, which include land-use planning, public housing, management and maintenance of local roads, waste management and social security.[4] After the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010 three special municipalities (officially public bodies) were formed. These municipalities function the same as regular municipalities and are grouped together as the Caribbean Netherlands and are not part of a province.[5]

The municipalities are governed by both a board of mayor and aldermen and a municipal council. The municipal council, which is titled island council in the special municipalities, is elected every four years.[6] The number of members in the council ranges from nine members for the smallest municipalities to forty-five members for the largest.[7] It is the highest administrative body in the municipality and controls public policy. The executive power lies with the executive board, which consists of a mayor, titled lieutenant governor in the special municipalities, and multiple aldermen, titled island deputies in the special municipalities. The mayor is appointed for six years at a time by the crown and the alderman are elected by the municipal council, typically after each municipal election.[8] The mayor is responsible for public order and is the first in command during emergencies, all other tasks are distributed freely between mayor and aldermen. The exact portfolio for each person differs between each municipality.[5][9][10]

Historical number of municipalities
Year No.   ±%  
1850 1,209 —    
1900 1,121 −7.3%
1950 1,015 −9.5%
2000 537 −47.1%
2014 403 −25.0%
Source: Ekamper et al. (2003),[11] CBS[12]

Official municipal boundaries were first drawn up in 1832 in the Netherlands after a cadastre was formed. The Municipalities Act of 1851, written by prime minister Thorbecke, led to the disappearance of small municipalities. Throughout the years, less populous municipalities have been merged. They were either added to the larger neighbouring cities or multiple smaller municipalities merged into a larger new municipality with a new name. The number of municipalities reduced from 1,209 in 1850 to 537 in 2000; as of 2014 there are 403 municipalities. During this time, multiple mergers occurred simultaneously in large parts of individual provinces; the municipal boundaries were basically redrawn in these regions.[11][12][13] In the 19th and large parts of the 20th century, municipal mergers were forced by the central government. This policy changed in the end of the 20th century; local support for the merger is now a large part of the decision-making process. The larger, merged municipalities are intended to handle an increasing workload because more public services are delegated from higher levels of government to the municipalities. Another reason for municipal mergers is the assumption that larger municipalities are more efficient in performing their tasks than smaller ones.[13][14]

Municipalities have the right to decentralize themselves and form submunicipalities as an additional level of government. This right and the submunicipalities will cease to exist in the near future to reduce the number of levels of government.[15] Only Amsterdam,[16] where the districts are called stadsdelen, and Rotterdam,[17] where the districts are called deelgemeenten, consist of such formal subdivisions. The Hague,[18] Almere,[19] Breda, Eindhoven,[20] Eschede, Groningen,[21] Nijmegen[22] and Utrecht have instituted stadsdelen as well, although they do not have the same legal submunicipal status. For administrative use by municipalities and data collection by Statistics Netherlands all municipalities are subdivided into districts (wijken), which in turn are subdivided into neighbourhoods (buurten).[23] These subdivisions have, in contrast to the submunicipalities, no formal status. As of 2012, the municipalities in the Netherlands were subdivided into 2,621 districts and 11,896 neighbourhoods.[24]

Municipalities[edit]

Regular municipalities[edit]

Municipality CBS code[12] Province Population[a][25] Population density[b][26] Area[c][26] Map
Aa en Hunze 1680 Drenthe 25,333 93 /km2 (241 /sq mi) 278.88 km2 (107.68 sq mi) Location of Aa en Hunze
Aalburg 0738 North Brabant 12,859 253 /km2 (655 /sq mi) 53.17 km2 (20.53 sq mi) Location of Aalburg
Aalsmeer 0358 North Holland 30,792 1,486 /km2 (3,849 /sq mi) 32.29 km2 (12.47 sq mi) Location of Aalsmeer
Aalten 0197 Gelderland 27,030 283 /km2 (733 /sq mi) 97.03 km2 (37.46 sq mi) Location of Aalten
Achtkarspelen 0059 Friesland 28,002 274 /km2 (710 /sq mi) 103.98 km2 (40.15 sq mi) Location of Achtkarspelen
Alblasserdam 0482 South Holland 19,822 2,216 /km2 (5,739 /sq mi) 10.06 km2 (3.88 sq mi) Location of Alblasserdam
Albrandswaard 0613 South Holland 25,044 1,143 /km2 (2,960 /sq mi) 23.76 km2 (9.17 sq mi) Location of Albrandswaard
Alkmaar 0361 North Holland 94,906 3,222 /km2 (8,345 /sq mi) 31.2 km2 (12.05 sq mi) Location of Alkmaar
Almelo 0141 Overijssel 72,435 1,079 /km2 (2,795 /sq mi) 69.41 km2 (26.8 sq mi) Location of Almelo
Almere 0034 Flevoland 196,156 1,490 /km2 (3,859 /sq mi) 248.77 km2 (96.05 sq mi) Location of Almere
Alphen aan den Rijn 0484 South Holland 106,809 844 /km2 (2,190 /sq mi) 132.49 km2 (51.15 sq mi) Location of Alphen aan den Rijn
Alphen-Chaam 1723 North Brabant 9,712 102 /km2 (264 /sq mi) 93.51 km2 (36.1 sq mi) Location of Alphen-Chaam
Ameland 0060 Friesland 3,565 60 /km2 (155 /sq mi) 268.5 km2 (103.67 sq mi) Location of Ameland
Amersfoort 0307 Utrecht 150,943 2,358 /km2 (6,107 /sq mi) 63.86 km2 (24.66 sq mi) Location of Amersfoort
Amstelveen 0362 North Holland 85,135 2,011 /km2 (5,208 /sq mi) 44.08 km2 (17.02 sq mi) Location of Amstelveen
Amsterdam 0363 North Holland 810,909 4,767 /km2 (12,346 /sq mi) 219.32 km2 (84.68 sq mi) Location of Amsterdam
Apeldoorn 0200 Gelderland 157,535 462 /km2 (1,197 /sq mi) 341.15 km2 (131.72 sq mi) Location of Apeldoorn
Appingedam 0003 Groningen 12,049 507 /km2 (1,313 /sq mi) 24.58 km2 (9.49 sq mi) Location of Appingedam
Arnhem 0202 Gelderland 150,817 1,523 /km2 (3,945 /sq mi) 101.54 km2 (39.2 sq mi) Location of Arnhem
Assen 0106 Drenthe 67,209 820 /km2 (2,124 /sq mi) 83.45 km2 (32.22 sq mi) Location of Assen
Asten 0743 North Brabant 16,479 234 /km2 (606 /sq mi) 71.34 km2 (27.54 sq mi) Location of Asten
Baarle-Nassau 0744 North Brabant 6,617 88 /km2 (228 /sq mi) 76.21 km2 (29.42 sq mi) Location of Baarle-Nassau
Baarn 0308 Utrecht 24,344 749 /km2 (1,940 /sq mi) 33.01 km2 (12.75 sq mi) Location of Baarn
Barendrecht 0489 South Holland 47,375 2,373 /km2 (6,146 /sq mi) 21.73 km2 (8.39 sq mi) Location of Barendrecht
Barneveld 0203 Gelderland 54,176 304 /km2 (787 /sq mi) 176.69 km2 (68.22 sq mi) Location of Barneveld
Bedum 0005 Groningen 10,475 236 /km2 (611 /sq mi) 44.96 km2 (17.36 sq mi) Location of Bedum
Beek 0888 Limburg 16,268 783 /km2 (2,028 /sq mi) 21.03 km2 (8.12 sq mi) Location of Beek
Beemster 0370 North Holland 8,919 124 /km2 (321 /sq mi) 72.07 km2 (27.83 sq mi) Location of Beemster
Beesel 0889 Limburg 13,593 488 /km2 (1,264 /sq mi) 29.15 km2 (11.25 sq mi) Location of Beesel
Bellingwedde 0007 Groningen 8,908 86 /km2 (223 /sq mi) 110.08 km2 (42.5 sq mi) Location of Bellingwedde
Bergambacht 0491 South Holland 9,983 282 /km2 (730 /sq mi) 38.06 km2 (14.7 sq mi) Location of Bergambacht
Bergeijk 1724 North Brabant 18,250 179 /km2 (464 /sq mi) 101.73 km2 (39.28 sq mi) Location of Bergeijk
Bergen (LI) 0893 Limburg 13,230 128 /km2 (332 /sq mi) 108.48 km2 (41.88 sq mi) Location of Bergen, Limburg
Bergen (NH) 0373 North Holland 30,075 316 /km2 (818 /sq mi) 119.46 km2 (46.12 sq mi) Location of Bergen, North Holland
Bergen op Zoom 0748 North Brabant 66,423 826 /km2 (2,139 /sq mi) 93.13 km2 (35.96 sq mi) Location of Bergen op Zoom
Berkelland 1859 Gelderland 44,650 174 /km2 (451 /sq mi) 260.53 km2 (100.59 sq mi) Location of Berkelland
Bernheze 1721 North Brabant 29,703 332 /km2 (860 /sq mi) 90.41 km2 (34.91 sq mi) Location of Bernheze
Bernisse 0568 South Holland 12,368 217 /km2 (562 /sq mi) 68.46 km2 (26.43 sq mi) Location of Bernisse
Best 0753 North Brabant 28,594 836 /km2 (2,165 /sq mi) 35.1 km2 (13.55 sq mi) Location of Best
Beuningen 0209 Gelderland 25,254 582 /km2 (1,507 /sq mi) 47.09 km2 (18.18 sq mi) Location of Beuningen
Beverwijk 0375 North Holland 40,052 2,172 /km2 (5,625 /sq mi) 20.09 km2 (7.76 sq mi) Location of Beverwijk
Bildt, hethet Bildt 0063 Friesland 10,633 117 /km2 (303 /sq mi) 116.48 km2 (44.97 sq mi) Location of het Bildt
Bilt, DeDe Bilt 0310 Utrecht 42,013 635 /km2 (1,645 /sq mi) 67.13 km2 (25.92 sq mi) Location of De Bilt
Binnenmaas 0585 South Holland 28,682 418 /km2 (1,083 /sq mi) 75.57 km2 (29.18 sq mi) Location of Binnenmaas
Bladel 1728 North Brabant 19,825 260 /km2 (673 /sq mi) 75.62 km2 (29.2 sq mi) Location of Bladel
Blaricum 0376 North Holland 9,112 813 /km2 (2,106 /sq mi) 15.56 km2 (6.01 sq mi) Location of Blaricum
Bloemendaal 0377 North Holland 22,077 555 /km2 (1,437 /sq mi) 45.18 km2 (17.44 sq mi) Location of Bloemendaal
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk 1901 South Holland 32,986 434 /km2 (1,124 /sq mi) 88.64 km2 (34.22 sq mi) Location of Bodegraven-Reeuwijk
Boekel 0755 North Brabant 10,089 289 /km2 (749 /sq mi) 34.52 km2 (13.33 sq mi) Location of Boekel
Boer, TenTen Boer 0009 Groningen 7,465 165 /km2 (427 /sq mi) 45.73 km2 (17.66 sq mi) Location of Ten Boer
Borger-Odoorn 1681 Drenthe 25,633 94 /km2 (243 /sq mi) 277.89 km2 (107.29 sq mi) Location of Borger-Odoorn
Borne 0147 Overijssel 21,901 830 /km2 (2,150 /sq mi) 26.16 km2 (10.1 sq mi) Location of Borne
Borsele 0654 Zeeland 22,592 160 /km2 (414 /sq mi) 194.52 km2 (75.1 sq mi) Location of Borsele
Boxmeer 0756 North Brabant 28,135 255 /km2 (660 /sq mi) 113.84 km2 (43.95 sq mi) Location of Boxmeer
Boxtel 0757 North Brabant 30,325 475 /km2 (1,230 /sq mi) 64.85 km2 (25.04 sq mi) Location of Boxtel
Breda 0758 North Brabant 179,999 1,400 /km2 (3,626 /sq mi) 128.68 km2 (49.68 sq mi) Location of Breda
Brielle 0501 South Holland 16,306 583 /km2 (1,510 /sq mi) 31.14 km2 (12.02 sq mi) Location of Brielle
Bronckhorst 1876 Gelderland 36,941 132 /km2 (342 /sq mi) 286.42 km2 (110.59 sq mi) Location of Bronckhorst
Brummen 0213 Gelderland 21,169 254 /km2 (658 /sq mi) 85.01 km2 (32.82 sq mi) Location of Brummen
Brunssum 0899 Limburg 28,914 1,697 /km2 (4,395 /sq mi) 17.34 km2 (6.7 sq mi) Location of Brunssum
Bunnik 0312 Utrecht 14,619 391 /km2 (1,013 /sq mi) 37.57 km2 (14.51 sq mi) Location of Bunnik
Bunschoten 0313 Utrecht 20,547 664 /km2 (1,720 /sq mi) 34.81 km2 (13.44 sq mi) Location of Bunschoten
Buren 0214 Gelderland 25,995 193 /km2 (500 /sq mi) 142.92 km2 (55.18 sq mi) Location of Buren
Bussum 0381 North Holland 32,646 4,029 /km2 (10,435 /sq mi) 8.15 km2 (3.15 sq mi) Location of Bussum
Capelle aan den IJssel 0502 South Holland 66,177 4,640 /km2 (12,018 /sq mi) 15.4 km2 (5.95 sq mi) Location of Capelle aan den IJssel
Castricum 0383 North Holland 34,244 694 /km2 (1,797 /sq mi) 60.37 km2 (23.31 sq mi) Location of Castricum
Coevorden 0109 Drenthe 35,771 121 /km2 (313 /sq mi) 299.69 km2 (115.71 sq mi) Location of Coevorden
Cranendonck 1706 North Brabant 20,388 267 /km2 (692 /sq mi) 78.05 km2 (30.14 sq mi) Location of Cranendonck
Cromstrijen 0611 South Holland 12,748 235 /km2 (609 /sq mi) 70.33 km2 (27.15 sq mi) Location of Cromstrijen
Cuijk 1684 North Brabant 24,780 481 /km2 (1,246 /sq mi) 57.07 km2 (22.03 sq mi) Location of Cuijk
Culemborg 0216 Gelderland 27,579 939 /km2 (2,432 /sq mi) 31.14 km2 (12.02 sq mi) Location of Culemborg
Dalfsen 0148 Overijssel 27,655 166 /km2 (430 /sq mi) 166.52 km2 (64.29 sq mi) Location of Dalfsen
Dantumadiel 1891 Friesland 19,035 226 /km2 (585 /sq mi) 87.53 km2 (33.8 sq mi) Location of Dantumadiel
Delft 0503 South Holland 99,973 4,324 /km2 (11,199 /sq mi) 24.06 km2 (9.29 sq mi) Location of Delft
Delfzijl 0010 Groningen 25,686 198 /km2 (513 /sq mi) 227.5 km2 (87.84 sq mi) Location of Delfzijl
Deurne 0762 North Brabant 31,669 271 /km2 (702 /sq mi) 118.36 km2 (45.7 sq mi) Location of Deurne
Deventer 0150 Overijssel 98,327 752 /km2 (1,948 /sq mi) 134.33 km2 (51.87 sq mi) Location of Deventer
Diemen 0384 North Holland 25,980 2,080 /km2 (5,387 /sq mi) 14.04 km2 (5.42 sq mi) Location of Diemen
Dinkelland 1774 Overijssel 25,937 148 /km2 (383 /sq mi) 176.82 km2 (68.27 sq mi) Location of Dinkelland
Doesburg 0221 Gelderland 11,449 1,002 /km2 (2,595 /sq mi) 12.96 km2 (5 sq mi) Location of Doesburg
Doetinchem 0222 Gelderland 56,350 711 /km2 (1,841 /sq mi) 79.66 km2 (30.76 sq mi) Location of Doetinchem
Dongen 0766 North Brabant 25,389 861 /km2 (2,230 /sq mi) 29.72 km2 (11.47 sq mi) Location of Dongen
Dongeradeel 0058 Friesland 24,183 145 /km2 (376 /sq mi) 266.92 km2 (103.06 sq mi) Location of Dongeradeel
Dordrecht 0505 South Holland 118,716 1,504 /km2 (3,895 /sq mi) 99.47 km2 (38.41 sq mi) Location of Dordrecht
Drechterland 0498 North Holland 19,257 327 /km2 (847 /sq mi) 80.74 km2 (31.17 sq mi) Location of Drechterland
Drimmelen 1719 North Brabant 26,705 277 /km2 (717 /sq mi) 119.43 km2 (46.11 sq mi) Location of Drimmelen
Dronten 0303 Flevoland 40,451 121 /km2 (313 /sq mi) 423.89 km2 (163.66 sq mi) Location of Dronten
Druten 0225 Gelderland 18,206 482 /km2 (1,248 /sq mi) 42.46 km2 (16.39 sq mi) Location of Druten
Duiven 0226 Gelderland 25,580 752 /km2 (1,948 /sq mi) 35.19 km2 (13.59 sq mi) Location of Duiven
Echt-Susteren 1711 Limburg 31,940 312 /km2 (808 /sq mi) 104.53 km2 (40.36 sq mi) Location of Echt-Susteren
Edam-Volendam 0385 North Holland 28,934 1,760 /km2 (4,558 /sq mi) 24.78 km2 (9.57 sq mi) Location of Edam-Volendam
Ede 0228 Gelderland 110,657 342 /km2 (886 /sq mi) 318.62 km2 (123.02 sq mi) Location of Ede
Eemnes 0317 Utrecht 8,773 284 /km2 (736 /sq mi) 33.7 km2 (13.01 sq mi) Location of Eemnes
Eemsmond 1651 Groningen 15,910 86 /km2 (223 /sq mi) 543.35 km2 (209.79 sq mi) Location of Eemsmond
Eersel 0770 North Brabant 18,201 220 /km2 (570 /sq mi) 83.33 km2 (32.17 sq mi) Location of Eersel
Eijsden-Margraten 1903 Limburg 24,980 323 /km2 (837 /sq mi) 78.32 km2 (30.24 sq mi) Location of Eijsden-Margraten
Eindhoven 0772 North Brabant 220,782 2,476 /km2 (6,413 /sq mi) 88.87 km2 (34.31 sq mi) Location of Eindhoven
Elburg 0230 Gelderland 22,658 351 /km2 (909 /sq mi) 65.91 km2 (25.45 sq mi) Location of Elburg
Emmen 0114 Drenthe 108,003 324 /km2 (839 /sq mi) 346.25 km2 (133.69 sq mi) Location of Emmen
Enkhuizen 0388 North Holland 18,395 1,471 /km2 (3,810 /sq mi) 116.25 km2 (44.88 sq mi) Location of Enkhuizen
Enschede 0153 Overijssel 158,542 1,121 /km2 (2,903 /sq mi) 142.72 km2 (55.1 sq mi) Location of Enschede
Epe 0232 Gelderland 32,352 208 /km2 (539 /sq mi) 157.37 km2 (60.76 sq mi) Location of Epe
Ermelo 0233 Gelderland 26,080 305 /km2 (790 /sq mi) 87.33 km2 (33.72 sq mi) Location of Ermelo
Etten-Leur 0777 North Brabant 42,351 760 /km2 (1,968 /sq mi) 55.92 km2 (21.59 sq mi) Location of Etten-Leur
Ferwerderadiel 1722 Friesland 8,771 90 /km2 (233 /sq mi) 133.18 km2 (51.42 sq mi) Location of Ferwerderadiel
Franekeradeel 0070 Friesland 20,437 200 /km2 (518 /sq mi) 109.17 km2 (42.15 sq mi) Location of Franekeradeel
De Friese Meren 1921 Friesland 51,223 142 /km2 (370 /sq mi) 559.93 km2 (216.19 sq mi) Location of De Friese Meren
Geertruidenberg 0779 North Brabant 21,597 806 /km2 (2,088 /sq mi) 29.64 km2 (11.44 sq mi) Location of Geertruidenberg
Geldermalsen 0236 Gelderland 26,339 263 /km2 (681 /sq mi) 101.73 km2 (39.28 sq mi) Location of Geldermalsen
Geldrop-Mierlo 1771 North Brabant 38,854 1,247 /km2 (3,230 /sq mi) 31.39 km2 (12.12 sq mi) Location of Geldrop-Mierlo
Gemert-Bakel 1652 North Brabant 29,354 237 /km2 (614 /sq mi) 123.34 km2 (47.62 sq mi) Location of Gemert-Bakel
Gennep 0907 Limburg 17,285 364 /km2 (943 /sq mi) 50.42 km2 (19.47 sq mi) Location of Gennep
Giessenlanden 0689 South Holland 14,423 228 /km2 (591 /sq mi) 65.11 km2 (25.14 sq mi) Location of Giessenlanden
Gilze en Rijen 0784 North Brabant 26,013 391 /km2 (1,013 /sq mi) 65.66 km2 (25.35 sq mi) Location of Gilze en Rijen
Goeree-Overflakkee 1924 South Holland 48,233 184 /km2 (480 /sq mi) 422.34 km2 (163.07 sq mi) Location of Goeree-Overflakkee
Goes 0664 Zeeland 36,977 398 /km2 (1,031 /sq mi) 101.92 km2 (39.35 sq mi) Location of Goes
Goirle 0785 North Brabant 23,060 542 /km2 (1,404 /sq mi) 42.34 km2 (16.35 sq mi) Location of Goirle
Gorinchem 0512 South Holland 35,252 1,855 /km2 (4,804 /sq mi) 21.93 km2 (8.47 sq mi) Location of Gorinchem
Gouda 0513 South Holland 70,923 4,225 /km2 (10,943 /sq mi) 18.11 km2 (6.99 sq mi) Location of Gouda
Graft-De Rijp 0365 North Holland 6,433 321 /km2 (831 /sq mi) 21.76 km2 (8.4 sq mi) Location of Graft-De Rijp
Grave 0786 North Brabant 12,696 471 /km2 (1,220 /sq mi) 28.03 km2 (10.82 sq mi) Location of Grave
Hague, TheThe Hague 0518 South Holland 508,592 6,131 /km2 (15,879 /sq mi) 98.12 km2 (37.88 sq mi) Location of The Hague
Groesbeek 0241 Gelderland 18,956 428 /km2 (1,109 /sq mi) 44.14 km2 (17.04 sq mi) Location of Groesbeek
Groningen 0014 Groningen 198,108 2,474 /km2 (6,408 /sq mi) 83.75 km2 (32.34 sq mi) Location of Groningen
Grootegast 0015 Groningen 12,193 141 /km2 (365 /sq mi) 87.74 km2 (33.88 sq mi) Location of Grootegast
Gulpen-Wittem 1729 Limburg 14,492 198 /km2 (513 /sq mi) 73.35 km2 (28.32 sq mi) Location of Gulpen-Wittem
Haaksbergen 0158 Overijssel 24,357 233 /km2 (603 /sq mi) 105.5 km2 (40.73 sq mi) Location of Haaksbergen
Haaren 0788 North Brabant 13,578 236 /km2 (611 /sq mi) 58.56 km2 (22.61 sq mi) Location of Haaren
Haarlem 0392 North Holland 155,205 5,195 /km2 (13,455 /sq mi) 32.09 km2 (12.39 sq mi) Location of Haarlem
Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude 0393 North Holland 5,547 284 /km2 (736 /sq mi) 21.19 km2 (8.18 sq mi) Location of Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude
Haarlemmermeer 0394 North Holland 144,166 806 /km2 (2,088 /sq mi) 185.29 km2 (71.54 sq mi) Location of Haarlemmermeer
Halderberge 1655 North Brabant 29,379 393 /km2 (1,018 /sq mi) 75.21 km2 (29.04 sq mi) Location of Halderberge
Hardenberg 0160 Overijssel 59,592 190 /km2 (492 /sq mi) 317.14 km2 (122.45 sq mi) Location of Hardenberg
Harderwijk 0243 Gelderland 45,741 1,177 /km2 (3,048 /sq mi) 48.27 km2 (18.64 sq mi) Location of Harderwijk
Hardinxveld-Giessendam 0523 South Holland 17,736 1,043 /km2 (2,701 /sq mi) 19.35 km2 (7.47 sq mi) Location of Hardinxveld-Giessendam
Haren 0017 Groningen 18,790 405 /km2 (1,049 /sq mi) 50.73 km2 (19.59 sq mi) Location of Haren
Harlingen 0072 Friesland 15,810 633 /km2 (1,639 /sq mi) 387.67 km2 (149.68 sq mi) Location of Harlingen
Hattem 0244 Gelderland 11,742 511 /km2 (1,323 /sq mi) 24.16 km2 (9.33 sq mi) Location of Hattem
Heemskerk 0396 North Holland 39,092 1,441 /km2 (3,732 /sq mi) 31.67 km2 (12.23 sq mi) Location of Heemskerk
Heemstede 0397 North Holland 26,320 2,848 /km2 (7,376 /sq mi) 9.64 km2 (3.72 sq mi) Location of Heemstede
Heerde 0246 Gelderland 18,515 232 /km2 (601 /sq mi) 80.42 km2 (31.05 sq mi) Location of Heerde
Heerenveen 0074 Friesland 49,388 273 /km2 (710 /sq mi) 187.76 km2 (72.49 sq mi) Location of Heerenveen
Heerhugowaard 0398 North Holland 53,246 1,367 /km2 (3,541 /sq mi) 39.99 km2 (15.44 sq mi) Location of Heerhugowaard
Heerlen 0917 Limburg 88,202 1,977 /km2 (5,120 /sq mi) 45.53 km2 (17.58 sq mi) Location of Heerlen
Heeze-Leende 1658 North Brabant 15,376 148 /km2 (383 /sq mi) 105.04 km2 (40.56 sq mi) Location of Heeze-Leende
Heiloo 0399 North Holland 22,626 1,211 /km2 (3,136 /sq mi) 19.01 km2 (7.34 sq mi) Location of Heiloo
Helder, DenDen Helder 0400 North Holland 56,553 1,261 /km2 (3,266 /sq mi) 178.8 km2 (69.04 sq mi) Location of Den Helder
Hellendoorn 0163 Overijssel 35,697 259 /km2 (671 /sq mi) 138.99 km2 (53.66 sq mi) Location of Hellendoorn
Hellevoetsluis 0530 South Holland 38,918 1,250 /km2 (3,237 /sq mi) 46.27 km2 (17.86 sq mi) Location of Hellevoetsluis
Helmond 0794 North Brabant 89,346 1,668 /km2 (4,320 /sq mi) 54.75 km2 (21.14 sq mi) Location of Helmond
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht 0531 South Holland 28,952 2,648 /km2 (6,858 /sq mi) 11.9 km2 (4.59 sq mi) Location of Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht
Hengelo 0164 Overijssel 80,975 1,329 /km2 (3,442 /sq mi) 61.83 km2 (23.87 sq mi) Location of Hengelo
's-Hertogenbosch 0796 North Brabant 143,745 1,680 /km2 (4,351 /sq mi) 91.79 km2 (35.44 sq mi) Location of 's-Hertogenbosch
Heumen 0252 Gelderland 16,342 412 /km2 (1,067 /sq mi) 41.54 km2 (16.04 sq mi) Location of Heumen
Heusden 0797 North Brabant 43,180 547 /km2 (1,417 /sq mi) 81.22 km2 (31.36 sq mi) Location of Heusden
Hillegom 0534 South Holland 20,987 1,613 /km2 (4,178 /sq mi) 13.48 km2 (5.2 sq mi) Location of Hillegom
Hilvarenbeek 0798 North Brabant 15,082 159 /km2 (412 /sq mi) 96.49 km2 (37.25 sq mi) Location of Hilvarenbeek
Hilversum 0402 North Holland 86,574 1,875 /km2 (4,856 /sq mi) 46.35 km2 (17.9 sq mi) Location of Hilversum
Hof van Twente 1735 Overijssel 34,987 167 /km2 (433 /sq mi) 215.41 km2 (83.17 sq mi) Location of Hof van Twente
Hollands Kroon 1911 North Holland 47,501 133 /km2 (344 /sq mi) 662.2 km2 (255.68 sq mi) Location of Hollands Kroon
Hoogeveen 0118 Drenthe 54,680 430 /km2 (1,114 /sq mi) 129.25 km2 (49.9 sq mi) Location of Hoogeveen
Hoogezand-Sappemeer 0018 Groningen 34,360 521 /km2 (1,349 /sq mi) 72.99 km2 (28.18 sq mi) Location of Hoogezand-Sappemeer
Hoorn 0405 North Holland 71,741 3,519 /km2 (9,114 /sq mi) 53.25 km2 (20.56 sq mi) Location of Hoorn
Horst aan de Maas 1507 Limburg 41,718 222 /km2 (575 /sq mi) 191.92 km2 (74.1 sq mi) Location of Horst aan de Maas
Houten 0321 Utrecht 48,427 872 /km2 (2,258 /sq mi) 58.99 km2 (22.78 sq mi) Location of Houten
Huizen 0406 North Holland 41,239 2,629 /km2 (6,809 /sq mi) 23.32 km2 (9 sq mi) Location of Huizen
Hulst 0677 Zeeland 27,402 137 /km2 (355 /sq mi) 251.82 km2 (97.23 sq mi) Location of Hulst
IJsselstein 0353 Utrecht 34,268 1,620 /km2 (4,196 /sq mi) 21.68 km2 (8.37 sq mi) Location of IJsselstein
Kaag en Braassem 1884 South Holland 25,758 406 /km2 (1,052 /sq mi) 72.24 km2 (27.89 sq mi) Location of Kaag en Braassem
Kampen 0166 Overijssel 51,069 355 /km2 (919 /sq mi) 161.79 km2 (62.47 sq mi) Location of Kampen
Kapelle 0678 Zeeland 12,508 334 /km2 (865 /sq mi) 49.63 km2 (19.16 sq mi) Location of Kapelle
Katwijk 0537 South Holland 62,825 2,546 /km2 (6,594 /sq mi) 31.13 km2 (12.02 sq mi) Location of Katwijk
Kerkrade 0928 Limburg 46,773 2,159 /km2 (5,592 /sq mi) 22.13 km2 (8.54 sq mi) Location of Kerkrade
Koggenland 1598 North Holland 22,473 278 /km2 (720 /sq mi) 84.13 km2 (32.48 sq mi) Location of Koggenland
Kollumerland en Nieuwkruisland 0079 Friesland 12,856 118 /km2 (306 /sq mi) 116.35 km2 (44.92 sq mi) Location of Kollumerland en Nieuwkruisland
Korendijk 0588 South Holland 10,693 140 /km2 (363 /sq mi) 100.47 km2 (38.79 sq mi) Location of Korendijk
Krimpen aan den IJssel 0542 South Holland 28,814 3,681 /km2 (9,534 /sq mi) 8.95 km2 (3.46 sq mi) Location of Krimpen aan den IJssel
Laarbeek 1659 North Brabant 21,815 390 /km2 (1,010 /sq mi) 56.17 km2 (21.69 sq mi) Location of Laarbeek
Landerd 1685 North Brabant 15,262 214 /km2 (554 /sq mi) 70.71 km2 (27.3 sq mi) Location of Landerd
Landgraaf 0882 Limburg 37,530 1,549 /km2 (4,012 /sq mi) 24.66 km2 (9.52 sq mi) Location of Landgraaf
Landsmeer 0415 North Holland 10,457 458 /km2 (1,186 /sq mi) 26.5 km2 (10.23 sq mi) Location of Landsmeer
Langedijk 0416 North Holland 26,984 1,123 /km2 (2,909 /sq mi) 27.03 km2 (10.44 sq mi) Location of Langedijk
Lansingerland 1621 South Holland 57,188 1,018 /km2 (2,637 /sq mi) 56.37 km2 (21.76 sq mi) Location of Lansingerland
Laren 0417 North Holland 10,846 915 /km2 (2,370 /sq mi) 12.41 km2 (4.79 sq mi) Location of Laren
Leek 0022 Groningen 19,607 307 /km2 (795 /sq mi) 64.28 km2 (24.82 sq mi) Location of Leek
Leerdam 0545 South Holland 20,586 612 /km2 (1,585 /sq mi) 34.42 km2 (13.29 sq mi) Location of Leerdam
Leeuwarden 0080 Friesland 108,113 713 /km2 (1,850 /sq mi) 166.99 km2 (64.48 sq mi) Location of Leeuwarden
Leeuwarderadeel 0081 Friesland 10,275 253 /km2 (655 /sq mi) 41.46 km2 (16.01 sq mi) Location of Leeuwarderadeel
Leiden 0546 South Holland 121,199 5,409 /km2 (14,009 /sq mi) 23.27 km2 (8.98 sq mi) Location of Leiden
Leiderdorp 0547 South Holland 26,788 2,313 /km2 (5,991 /sq mi) 12.28 km2 (4.74 sq mi) Location of Leiderdorp
Leidschendam-Voorburg 1916 South Holland 73,392 2,214 /km2 (5,734 /sq mi) 35.62 km2 (13.75 sq mi) Location of Leidschendam-Voorburg
Lelystad 0995 Flevoland 76,170 325 /km2 (842 /sq mi) 765.45 km2 (295.54 sq mi) Location of Lelystad
Leudal 1640 Limburg 36,213 224 /km2 (580 /sq mi) 164.89 km2 (63.66 sq mi) Location of Leudal
Leusden 0327 Utrecht 28,967 493 /km2 (1,277 /sq mi) 58.89 km2 (22.74 sq mi) Location of Leusden
Lingewaal 0733 Gelderland 11,059 216 /km2 (559 /sq mi) 54.49 km2 (21.04 sq mi) Location of Lingewaal
Lingewaard 1705 Gelderland 45,814 735 /km2 (1,904 /sq mi) 69.14 km2 (26.7 sq mi) Location of Lingewaard
Lisse 0553 South Holland 22,376 1,435 /km2 (3,717 /sq mi) 16.05 km2 (6.2 sq mi) Location of Lisse
Littenseradiel 0140 Friesland 10,929 84 /km2 (218 /sq mi) 132.64 km2 (51.21 sq mi) Location of Littenseradiel
Lochem 0262 Gelderland 33,268 156 /km2 (404 /sq mi) 215.94 km2 (83.37 sq mi) Location of Lochem
Loon op Zand 0809 North Brabant 23,104 460 /km2 (1,191 /sq mi) 50.71 km2 (19.58 sq mi) Location of Loon op Zand
Lopik 0331 Utrecht 14,000 185 /km2 (479 /sq mi) 78.98 km2 (30.49 sq mi) Location of Lopik
Loppersum 0024 Groningen 10,181 93 /km2 (241 /sq mi) 111.99 km2 (43.24 sq mi) Location of Loppersum
Losser 0168 Overijssel 22,619 229 /km2 (593 /sq mi) 99.61 km2 (38.46 sq mi) Location of Losser
Maasdonk 1671 North Brabant 11,222 302 /km2 (782 /sq mi) 37.35 km2 (14.42 sq mi) Location of Maasdonk
Maasdriel 0263 Gelderland 24,197 364 /km2 (943 /sq mi) 75.46 km2 (29.14 sq mi) Location of Maasdriel
Maasgouw 1641 Limburg 23,888 526 /km2 (1,362 /sq mi) 57.99 km2 (22.39 sq mi) Location of Maasgouw
Maassluis 0556 South Holland 32,097 3,751 /km2 (9,715 /sq mi) 10.12 km2 (3.91 sq mi) Location of Maassluis
Maastricht 0935 Limburg 122,331 2,131 /km2 (5,519 /sq mi) 60.03 km2 (23.18 sq mi) Location of Maastricht
Marne, DeDe Marne 1663 Groningen 10,205 62 /km2 (161 /sq mi) 240.33 km2 (92.79 sq mi) Location of De Marne
Marum 0025 Groningen 10,350 161 /km2 (417 /sq mi) 64.89 km2 (25.05 sq mi) Location of Marum
Medemblik 0420 North Holland 43,331 354 /km2 (917 /sq mi) 257.56 km2 (99.44 sq mi) Location of Medemblik
Meerssen 0938 Limburg 19,259 716 /km2 (1,854 /sq mi) 27.64 km2 (10.67 sq mi) Location of Meerssen
Menameradiel 1908 Friesland 13,653 200 /km2 (518 /sq mi) 70.03 km2 (27.04 sq mi) Location of Menameradiel
Menterwolde 1987 Groningen 12,250 154 /km2 (399 /sq mi) 81.62 km2 (31.51 sq mi) Location of Menterwolde
Meppel 0119 Drenthe 32,875 585 /km2 (1,515 /sq mi) 57.03 km2 (22.02 sq mi) Location of Meppel
Middelburg 0687 Zeeland 47,660 984 /km2 (2,549 /sq mi) 53.04 km2 (20.48 sq mi) Location of Middelburg
Midden-Delfland 1842 South Holland 18,449 385 /km2 (997 /sq mi) 49.38 km2 (19.07 sq mi) Location of Midden-Delfland
Midden-Drenthe 1731 Drenthe 33,368 98 /km2 (254 /sq mi) 345.87 km2 (133.54 sq mi) Location of Midden-Drenthe
Mill en Sint Hubert 0815 North Brabant 10,843 209 /km2 (541 /sq mi) 53.17 km2 (20.53 sq mi) Location of Mill en Sint Hubert
Millingen aan de Rijn 0265 Gelderland 5,883 682 /km2 (1,766 /sq mi) 10.27 km2 (3.97 sq mi) Location of Millingen aan de Rijn
Moerdijk 1709 North Brabant 36,775 229 /km2 (593 /sq mi) 184.03 km2 (71.05 sq mi) Location of Moerdijk
Molenwaard 1927 South Holland 29,043 246 /km2 (640 /sq mi) 126.47 km2 (48.83 sq mi) Location of Molenwaard
Montferland 1955 Gelderland 34,985 332 /km2 (860 /sq mi) 106.63 km2 (41.17 sq mi) Location of Montferland
Montfoort 0335 Utrecht 13,639 361 /km2 (935 /sq mi) 38.2 km2 (14.75 sq mi) Location of Montfoort
Mook en Middelaar 0944 Limburg 7,783 453 /km2 (1,173 /sq mi) 18.81 km2 (7.26 sq mi) Location of Mook en Middelaar
Muiden 0424 North Holland 6,286 447 /km2 (1,158 /sq mi) 36.49 km2 (14.09 sq mi) Location of Muiden
Naarden 0425 North Holland 17,201 802 /km2 (2,077 /sq mi) 32.9 km2 (12.7 sq mi) Location of Naarden
Neder-Betuwe 1740 Gelderland 22,591 373 /km2 (966 /sq mi) 68.16 km2 (26.32 sq mi) Location of Neder-Betuwe
Nederlek 0643 South Holland 14,095 503 /km2 (1,303 /sq mi) 31.24 km2 (12.06 sq mi) Location of Nederlek
Nederweert 0946 Limburg 16,773 167 /km2 (433 /sq mi) 101.78 km2 (39.3 sq mi) Location of Nederweert
Neerijnen 0304 Gelderland 12,022 181 /km2 (469 /sq mi) 72.9 km2 (28.15 sq mi) Location of Neerijnen
Nieuwegein 0356 Utrecht 61,017 2,566 /km2 (6,646 /sq mi) 25.65 km2 (9.9 sq mi) Location of Nieuwegein
Nieuwkoop 0569 South Holland 27,114 342 /km2 (886 /sq mi) 91.16 km2 (35.2 sq mi) Location of Nieuwkoop
Nijkerk 0267 Gelderland 40,600 578 /km2 (1,497 /sq mi) 72.1 km2 (27.84 sq mi) Location of Nijkerk
Nijmegen 0268 Gelderland 168,499 3,081 /km2 (7,980 /sq mi) 57.6 km2 (22.24 sq mi) Location of Nijmegen
Noord-Beveland 1695 Zeeland 7,508 88 /km2 (228 /sq mi) 121.51 km2 (46.92 sq mi) Location of Noord-Beveland
Noordenveld 1699 Drenthe 31,110 154 /km2 (399 /sq mi) 205.32 km2 (79.27 sq mi) Location of Noordenveld
Noordoostpolder 0171 Flevoland 46,372 101 /km2 (262 /sq mi) 595.43 km2 (229.9 sq mi) Location of Noordoostpolder
Noordwijk 0575 South Holland 25,689 719 /km2 (1,862 /sq mi) 51.45 km2 (19.86 sq mi) Location of Noordwijk
Noordwijkerhout 0576 South Holland 15,982 692 /km2 (1,792 /sq mi) 23.42 km2 (9.04 sq mi) Location of Noordwijkerhout
Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten 0820 North Brabant 22,596 669 /km2 (1,733 /sq mi) 33.94 km2 (13.1 sq mi) Location of Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten
Nunspeet 0302 Gelderland 26,707 207 /km2 (536 /sq mi) 129.53 km2 (50.01 sq mi) Location of Nunspeet
Nuth 0951 Limburg 15,577 473 /km2 (1,225 /sq mi) 33.13 km2 (12.79 sq mi) Location of Nuth
Oegstgeest 0579 South Holland 22,855 3,123 /km2 (8,089 /sq mi) 7.97 km2 (3.08 sq mi) Location of Oegstgeest
Oirschot 0823 North Brabant 17,989 175 /km2 (453 /sq mi) 102.84 km2 (39.71 sq mi) Location of Oirschot
Oisterwijk 0824 North Brabant 25,835 403 /km2 (1,044 /sq mi) 65.13 km2 (25.15 sq mi) Location of Oisterwijk
Oldambt 1895 Groningen 38,558 172 /km2 (445 /sq mi) 295.96 km2 (114.27 sq mi) Location of Oldambt
Oldebroek 0269 Gelderland 22,824 233 /km2 (603 /sq mi) 98.84 km2 (38.16 sq mi) Location of Oldebroek
Oldenzaal 0173 Overijssel 32,152 1,493 /km2 (3,867 /sq mi) 21.95 km2 (8.47 sq mi) Location of Oldenzaal
Olst-Wijhe 1773 Overijssel 17,760 155 /km2 (401 /sq mi) 118.37 km2 (45.7 sq mi) Location of Olst-Wijhe
Ommen 0175 Overijssel 17,370 97 /km2 (251 /sq mi) 182.01 km2 (70.27 sq mi) Location of Ommen
Onderbanken 0881 Limburg 7,882 376 /km2 (974 /sq mi) 21.24 km2 (8.2 sq mi) Location of Onderbanken
Oost Gelre 1586 Gelderland 29,648 274 /km2 (710 /sq mi) 110.12 km2 (42.52 sq mi) Location of Oost Gelre
Oosterhout 0826 North Brabant 53,733 756 /km2 (1,958 /sq mi) 73.09 km2 (28.22 sq mi) Location of Oosterhout
Ooststellingwerf 0085 Friesland 25,672 115 /km2 (298 /sq mi) 226.11 km2 (87.3 sq mi) Location of Ooststellingwerf
Oostzaan 0431 North Holland 9,154 789 /km2 (2,044 /sq mi) 16.08 km2 (6.21 sq mi) Location of Oostzaan
Opmeer 0432 North Holland 11,374 274 /km2 (710 /sq mi) 41.94 km2 (16.19 sq mi) Location of Opmeer
Opsterland 0086 Friesland 29,894 133 /km2 (344 /sq mi) 227.64 km2 (87.89 sq mi) Location of Opsterland
Oss 0828 North Brabant 85,039 555 /km2 (1,437 /sq mi) 159.87 km2 (61.73 sq mi) Location of Oss
Oud-Beijerland 0584 South Holland 23,727 1,249 /km2 (3,235 /sq mi) 19.61 km2 (7.57 sq mi) Location of Oud-Beijerland
Oude IJsselstreek 1509 Gelderland 39,614 292 /km2 (756 /sq mi) 137.94 km2 (53.26 sq mi) Location of Oude IJsselstreek
Ouder-Amstel 0437 North Holland 13,255 548 /km2 (1,419 /sq mi) 25.78 km2 (9.95 sq mi) Location of Ouder-Amstel
Ouderkerk 0644 South Holland 8,188 297 /km2 (769 /sq mi) 28.57 km2 (11.03 sq mi) Location of Ouderkerk
Oudewater 0589 Utrecht 9,868 252 /km2 (653 /sq mi) 40.1 km2 (15.48 sq mi) Location of Oudewater
Overbetuwe 1734 Gelderland 46,653 423 /km2 (1,096 /sq mi) 115.08 km2 (44.43 sq mi) Location of Overbetuwe
Papendrecht 0590 South Holland 32,140 3,380 /km2 (8,754 /sq mi) 10.79 km2 (4.17 sq mi) Location of Papendrecht
Peel en Maas 1894 Limburg 43,298 271 /km2 (702 /sq mi) 161.35 km2 (62.3 sq mi) Location of Peel en Maas
Pekela 0765 Groningen 12,733 262 /km2 (679 /sq mi) 50.2 km2 (19.38 sq mi) Location of Pekela
Pijnacker-Nootdorp 1926 South Holland 51,068 1,341 /km2 (3,473 /sq mi) 38.61 km2 (14.91 sq mi) Location of Pijnacker-Nootdorp
Purmerend 0439 North Holland 79,552 3,389 /km2 (8,777 /sq mi) 24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi) Location of Purmerend
Putten 0273 Gelderland 24,044 280 /km2 (725 /sq mi) 87.41 km2 (33.75 sq mi) Location of Putten
Raalte 0177 Overijssel 36,526 214 /km2 (554 /sq mi) 172.29 km2 (66.52 sq mi) Location of Raalte
Reimerswaal 0703 Zeeland 21,915 213 /km2 (552 /sq mi) 242.42 km2 (93.6 sq mi) Location of Reimerswaal
Renkum 0274 Gelderland 31,577 687 /km2 (1,779 /sq mi) 47.23 km2 (18.24 sq mi) Location of Renkum
Renswoude 0339 Utrecht 4,928 262 /km2 (679 /sq mi) 18.51 km2 (7.15 sq mi) Location of Renswoude
Reusel-De Mierden 1667 North Brabant 12,728 162 /km2 (420 /sq mi) 78.64 km2 (30.36 sq mi) Location of Reusel-De Mierden
Rheden 0275 Gelderland 43,563 533 /km2 (1,380 /sq mi) 84.35 km2 (32.57 sq mi) Location of Rheden
Rhenen 0340 Utrecht 19,123 453 /km2 (1,173 /sq mi) 43.76 km2 (16.9 sq mi) Location of Rhenen
Ridderkerk 0597 South Holland 45,207 1,904 /km2 (4,931 /sq mi) 25.26 km2 (9.75 sq mi) Location of Ridderkerk
Rijnwaarden 0196 Gelderland 10,926 276 /km2 (715 /sq mi) 48.08 km2 (18.56 sq mi) Location of Rijnwaarden
Rijssen-Holten 1742 Overijssel 37,696 399 /km2 (1,033 /sq mi) 94.38 km2 (36.44 sq mi) Location of Rijssen-Holten
Rijswijk 0603 South Holland 47,680 3,344 /km2 (8,661 /sq mi) 14.49 km2 (5.59 sq mi) Location of Rijswijk
Roerdalen 1669 Limburg 20,808 239 /km2 (619 /sq mi) 88.7 km2 (34.25 sq mi) Location of Roerdalen
Roermond 0957 Limburg 57,030 923 /km2 (2,391 /sq mi) 71.1 km2 (27.45 sq mi) Location of Roermond
Ronde Venen, DeDe Ronde Venen 0736 Utrecht 42,648 426 /km2 (1,103 /sq mi) 116.98 km2 (45.17 sq mi) Location of De Ronde Venen
Roosendaal 1674 North Brabant 76,930 728 /km2 (1,886 /sq mi) 107.16 km2 (41.37 sq mi) Location of Roosendaal
Rotterdam 0599 South Holland 618,467 2,952 /km2 (7,646 /sq mi) 325.79 km2 (125.79 sq mi) Location of Rotterdam
Rozendaal 0277 Gelderland 1,500 54 /km2 (140 /sq mi) 27.92 km2 (10.78 sq mi) Location of Rozendaal
Rucphen 0840 North Brabant 22,213 347 /km2 (899 /sq mi) 64.47 km2 (24.89 sq mi) Location of Rucphen
Schagen 0441 North Holland 46,016 273 /km2 (707 /sq mi) 187.28 km2 (72.31 sq mi) Location of Schagen
Schermer 0458 North Holland 5,521 89 /km2 (231 /sq mi) 64.39 km2 (24.86 sq mi) Location of Schermer
Scherpenzeel 0279 Gelderland 9,496 679 /km2 (1,759 /sq mi) 13.81 km2 (5.33 sq mi) Location of Scherpenzeel
Schiedam 0606 South Holland 76,487 4,230 /km2 (10,956 /sq mi) 19.86 km2 (7.67 sq mi) Location of Schiedam
Schiermonnikoog 0088 Friesland 938 21 /km2 (54 /sq mi) 199.07 km2 (76.86 sq mi) Location of Schiermonnikoog
Schijndel 0844 North Brabant 23,360 554 /km2 (1,435 /sq mi) 41.66 km2 (16.09 sq mi) Location of Schijndel
Schinnen 0962 Limburg 12,961 549 /km2 (1,422 /sq mi) 24.12 km2 (9.31 sq mi) Location of Schinnen
Schoonhoven 0608 South Holland 11,896 1,884 /km2 (4,880 /sq mi) 6.92 km2 (2.67 sq mi) Location of Schoonhoven
Schouwen-Duiveland 1676 Zeeland 33,821 148 /km2 (383 /sq mi) 488.21 km2 (188.5 sq mi) Location of Schouwen-Duiveland
Simpelveld 0965 Limburg 10,844 681 /km2 (1,764 /sq mi) 16.02 km2 (6.19 sq mi) Location of Simpelveld
Sint Anthonis 1702 North Brabant 11,696 119 /km2 (308 /sq mi) 99.76 km2 (38.52 sq mi) Location of Sint Anthonis
Sint-Michielsgestel 0845 North Brabant 28,186 481 /km2 (1,246 /sq mi) 59.34 km2 (22.91 sq mi) Location of Sint-Michielsgestel
Sint-Oedenrode 0846 North Brabant 17,944 278 /km2 (720 /sq mi) 64.94 km2 (25.07 sq mi) Location of Sint-Oedenrode
Sittard-Geleen 1883 Limburg 93,806 1,196 /km2 (3,098 /sq mi) 80.53 km2 (31.09 sq mi) Location of Sittard-Geleen
Sliedrecht 0610 South Holland 24,528 1,888 /km2 (4,890 /sq mi) 14.01 km2 (5.41 sq mi) Location of Sliedrecht
Slochteren 0040 Groningen 15,535 103 /km2 (267 /sq mi) 158.87 km2 (61.34 sq mi) Location of Slochteren
Sluis 1714 Zeeland 23,795 85 /km2 (220 /sq mi) 307.16 km2 (118.6 sq mi) Location of Sluis
Smallingerland 0090 Friesland 55,496 469 /km2 (1,215 /sq mi) 126.17 km2 (48.71 sq mi) Location of Smallingerland
Soest 0342 Utrecht 45,430 986 /km2 (2,554 /sq mi) 46.43 km2 (17.93 sq mi) Location of Soest
Someren 0847 North Brabant 18,700 231 /km2 (598 /sq mi) 81.5 km2 (31.47 sq mi) Location of Someren
Son en Breugel 0848 North Brabant 16,241 610 /km2 (1,580 /sq mi) 26.51 km2 (10.24 sq mi) Location of Son en Breugel
Spijkenisse 0612 South Holland 72,562 2,763 /km2 (7,156 /sq mi) 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi) Location of Spijkenisse
Stadskanaal 0037 Groningen 32,793 280 /km2 (725 /sq mi) 119.94 km2 (46.31 sq mi) Location of Stadskanaal
Staphorst 0180 Overijssel 16,365 121 /km2 (313 /sq mi) 135.69 km2 (52.39 sq mi) Location of Staphorst
Stede Broec 0532 North Holland 21,474 1,467 /km2 (3,800 /sq mi) 16.37 km2 (6.32 sq mi) Location of Stede Broec
Steenbergen 0851 North Brabant 23,409 159 /km2 (412 /sq mi) 159.14 km2 (61.44 sq mi) Location of Steenbergen
Steenwijkerland 1708 Overijssel 43,372 150 /km2 (388 /sq mi) 321.59 km2 (124.17 sq mi) Location of Steenwijkerland
Stein 0971 Limburg 25,348 1,211 /km2 (3,136 /sq mi) 22.62 km2 (8.73 sq mi) Location of Stein
Stichtse Vecht 1904 Utrecht 63,823 655 /km2 (1,696 /sq mi) 106.82 km2 (41.24 sq mi) Location of Stichtse Vecht
Strijen 0617 South Holland 8,678 174 /km2 (451 /sq mi) 57.7 km2 (22.28 sq mi) Location of Strijen
Súdwest-Fryslân 1900 Friesland 84,258 183 /km2 (470 /sq mi) 841.56 km2 (324.93 sq mi) Location of Súdwest-Fryslân
Terneuzen 0715 Zeeland 54,711 218 /km2 (565 /sq mi) 317.76 km2 (122.69 sq mi) Location of Terneuzen
Terschelling 0093 Friesland 4,769 55 /km2 (142 /sq mi) 673.99 km2 (260.23 sq mi) Location of Terschelling
Texel 0448 North Holland 13,566 85 /km2 (220 /sq mi) 463.16 km2 (178.83 sq mi) Location of Texel
Teylingen 1525 South Holland 35,723 1,250 /km2 (3,237 /sq mi) 33.49 km2 (12.93 sq mi) Location of Teylingen
Tholen 0716 Zeeland 25,398 174 /km2 (451 /sq mi) 254 km2 (98.07 sq mi) Location of Tholen
Tiel 0281 Gelderland 41,729 1,287 /km2 (3,333 /sq mi) 34.81 km2 (13.44 sq mi) Location of Tiel
Tilburg 0855 North Brabant 210,382 1,770 /km2 (4,584 /sq mi) 119.18 km2 (46.02 sq mi) Location of Tilburg
Tubbergen 0183 Overijssel 21,216 144 /km2 (373 /sq mi) 147.44 km2 (56.93 sq mi) Location of Tubbergen
Twenterand 1700 Overijssel 33,939 319 /km2 (826 /sq mi) 108.14 km2 (41.75 sq mi) Location of Twenterand
Tynaarlo 1730 Drenthe 32,506 225 /km2 (583 /sq mi) 147.7 km2 (57.03 sq mi) Location of Tynaarlo
Tytsjerksteradiel 0737 Friesland 31,980 215 /km2 (557 /sq mi) 161.41 km2 (62.32 sq mi) Location of Tytsjerksteradiel
Ubbergen 0282 Gelderland 9,432 278 /km2 (720 /sq mi) 38.88 km2 (15.01 sq mi) Location of Ubbergen
Uden 0856 North Brabant 40,934 609 /km2 (1,577 /sq mi) 67.53 km2 (26.07 sq mi) Location of Uden
Uitgeest 0450 North Holland 13,242 672 /km2 (1,740 /sq mi) 22.29 km2 (8.61 sq mi) Location of Uitgeest
Uithoorn 0451 North Holland 28,407 1,552 /km2 (4,020 /sq mi) 19.42 km2 (7.5 sq mi) Location of Uithoorn
Urk 0184 Flevoland 19,487 1,644 /km2 (4,258 /sq mi) 109.91 km2 (42.44 sq mi) Location of Urk
Utrecht 0344 Utrecht 328,577 3,353 /km2 (8,684 /sq mi) 99.21 km2 (38.31 sq mi) Location of Utrecht
Utrechtse Heuvelrug 1581 Utrecht 47,939 365 /km2 (945 /sq mi) 134.09 km2 (51.77 sq mi) Location of Utrechtse Heuvelrug
Vaals 0981 Limburg 9,682 409 /km2 (1,059 /sq mi) 23.87 km2 (9.22 sq mi) Location of Vaals
Valkenburg aan de Geul 0994 Limburg 16,668 461 /km2 (1,194 /sq mi) 36.92 km2 (14.25 sq mi) Location of Valkenburg aan de Geul
Valkenswaard 0858 North Brabant 30,353 557 /km2 (1,443 /sq mi) 56.49 km2 (21.81 sq mi) Location of Valkenswaard
Veendam 0047 Groningen 27,795 367 /km2 (951 /sq mi) 78.68 km2 (30.38 sq mi) Location of Veendam
Veenendaal 0345 Utrecht 63,207 3,222 /km2 (8,345 /sq mi) 19.72 km2 (7.61 sq mi) Location of Veenendaal
Veere 0717 Zeeland 21,882 165 /km2 (427 /sq mi) 206.63 km2 (79.78 sq mi) Location of Veere
Veghel 0860 North Brabant 37,550 480 /km2 (1,243 /sq mi) 78.92 km2 (30.47 sq mi) Location of Veghel
Veldhoven 0861 North Brabant 44,136 1,383 /km2 (3,582 /sq mi) 31.93 km2 (12.33 sq mi) Location of Veldhoven
Velsen 0453 North Holland 67,231 1,503 /km2 (3,893 /sq mi) 63.05 km2 (24.34 sq mi) Location of Velsen
Venlo 0983 Limburg 100,381 800 /km2 (2,072 /sq mi) 128.99 km2 (49.8 sq mi) Location of Venlo
Venray 0984 Limburg 43,120 263 /km2 (681 /sq mi) 165 km2 (63.71 sq mi) Location of Venray
Vianen 0620 Utrecht 19,573 499 /km2 (1,292 /sq mi) 42.39 km2 (16.37 sq mi) Location of Vianen
Vlaardingen 0622 South Holland 71,059 3,005 /km2 (7,783 /sq mi) 26.69 km2 (10.31 sq mi) Location of Vlaardingen
Vlagtwedde 0048 Groningen 15,899 97 /km2 (251 /sq mi) 170.55 km2 (65.85 sq mi) Location of Vlagtwedde
Vlieland 0096 Friesland 1,097 31 /km2 (80 /sq mi) 315.8 km2 (121.93 sq mi) Location of Vlieland
Vlissingen 0718 Zeeland 44,450 1,302 /km2 (3,372 /sq mi) 344.83 km2 (133.14 sq mi) Location of Vlissingen
Vlist 0623 South Holland 9,706 182 /km2 (471 /sq mi) 56.51 km2 (21.82 sq mi) Location of Vlist
Voerendaal 0986 Limburg 12,447 402 /km2 (1,041 /sq mi) 31.52 km2 (12.17 sq mi) Location of Voerendaal
Voorschoten 0626 South Holland 24,941 2,179 /km2 (5,644 /sq mi) 11.56 km2 (4.46 sq mi) Location of Voorschoten
Voorst 0285 Gelderland 23,801 193 /km2 (500 /sq mi) 126.47 km2 (48.83 sq mi) Location of Voorst
Vught 0865 North Brabant 25,626 770 /km2 (1,994 /sq mi) 34.44 km2 (13.3 sq mi) Location of Vught
Waalre 0866 North Brabant 16,804 737 /km2 (1,909 /sq mi) 22.66 km2 (8.75 sq mi) Location of Waalre
Waalwijk 0867 North Brabant 46,515 719 /km2 (1,862 /sq mi) 67.65 km2 (26.12 sq mi) Location of Waalwijk
Waddinxveen 0627 South Holland 25,520 906 /km2 (2,347 /sq mi) 29.4 km2 (11.35 sq mi) Location of Waddinxveen
Wageningen 0289 Gelderland 37,511 1,215 /km2 (3,147 /sq mi) 32.36 km2 (12.49 sq mi) Location of Wageningen
Wassenaar 0629 South Holland 25,786 506 /km2 (1,311 /sq mi) 62.37 km2 (24.08 sq mi) Location of Wassenaar
Waterland 0852 North Holland 17,154 326 /km2 (844 /sq mi) 115.66 km2 (44.66 sq mi) Location of Waterland
Weert 0988 Limburg 48,727 466 /km2 (1,207 /sq mi) 105.52 km2 (40.74 sq mi) Location of Weert
Weesp 0457 North Holland 18,231 879 /km2 (2,277 /sq mi) 21.83 km2 (8.43 sq mi) Location of Weesp
Werkendam 0870 North Brabant 26,400 253 /km2 (655 /sq mi) 121.76 km2 (47.01 sq mi) Location of Werkendam
West Maas en Waal 0668 Gelderland 18,391 237 /km2 (614 /sq mi) 85.21 km2 (32.9 sq mi) Location of West Maas en Waal
Westerveld 1701 Drenthe 18,902 69 /km2 (179 /sq mi) 282.74 km2 (109.17 sq mi) Location of Westerveld
Westervoort 0293 Gelderland 15,147 2,168 /km2 (5,615 /sq mi) 7.84 km2 (3.03 sq mi) Location of Westervoort
Westland 1783 South Holland 103,335 1,282 /km2 (3,320 /sq mi) 90.58 km2 (34.97 sq mi) Location of Westland
Weststellingwerf 0098 Friesland 25,487 117 /km2 (303 /sq mi) 228.45 km2 (88.21 sq mi) Location of Weststellingwerf
Westvoorne 0614 South Holland 13,977 261 /km2 (676 /sq mi) 97.48 km2 (37.64 sq mi) Location of Westvoorne
Wierden 0189 Overijssel 23,906 251 /km2 (650 /sq mi) 95.39 km2 (36.83 sq mi) Location of Wierden
Wijchen 0296 Gelderland 41,010 613 /km2 (1,588 /sq mi) 69.56 km2 (26.86 sq mi) Location of Wijchen
Wijdemeren 1696 North Holland 23,170 487 /km2 (1,261 /sq mi) 76.36 km2 (29.48 sq mi) Location of Wijdemeren
Wijk bij Duurstede 0352 Utrecht 23,031 485 /km2 (1,256 /sq mi) 50.25 km2 (19.4 sq mi) Location of Wijk bij Duurstede
Winsum 0053 Groningen 13,843 138 /km2 (357 /sq mi) 102.53 km2 (39.59 sq mi) Location of Winsum
Winterswijk 0294 Gelderland 28,873 210 /km2 (544 /sq mi) 138.81 km2 (53.59 sq mi) Location of Winterswijk
Woensdrecht 0873 North Brabant 21,654 237 /km2 (614 /sq mi) 91.91 km2 (35.49 sq mi) Location of Woensdrecht
Woerden 0632 Utrecht 50,607 560 /km2 (1,450 /sq mi) 92.92 km2 (35.88 sq mi) Location of Woerden
Wolden, DeDe Wolden 1690 Drenthe 23,592 106 /km2 (275 /sq mi) 226.35 km2 (87.39 sq mi) Location of De Wolden
Wormerland 0880 North Holland 15,751 407 /km2 (1,054 /sq mi) 45.18 km2 (17.44 sq mi) Location of Wormerland
Woudenberg 0351 Utrecht 12,386 329 /km2 (852 /sq mi) 36.82 km2 (14.22 sq mi) Location of Woudenberg
Woudrichem 0874 North Brabant 14,407 292 /km2 (756 /sq mi) 51.7 km2 (19.96 sq mi) Location of Woudrichem
Zaanstad 0479 North Holland 150,911 2,007 /km2 (5,198 /sq mi) 83.24 km2 (32.14 sq mi) Location of Zaanstad
Zaltbommel 0297 Gelderland 27,207 336 /km2 (870 /sq mi) 89.04 km2 (34.38 sq mi) Location of Zaltbommel
Zandvoort 0473 North Holland 16,588 519 /km2 (1,344 /sq mi) 43.97 km2 (16.98 sq mi) Location of Zandvoort
Zederik 0707 South Holland 13,661 182 /km2 (471 /sq mi) 76.5 km2 (29.54 sq mi) Location of Zederik
Zeevang 0478 North Holland 6,368 167 /km2 (433 /sq mi) 55.21 km2 (21.32 sq mi) Location of Zeevang
Zeewolde 0050 Flevoland 21,543 86 /km2 (223 /sq mi) 268.86 km2 (103.81 sq mi) Location of Zeewolde
Zeist 0355 Utrecht 61,337 1,262 /km2 (3,269 /sq mi) 48.65 km2 (18.78 sq mi) Location of Zeist
Zevenaar 0299 Gelderland 32,254 609 /km2 (1,577 /sq mi) 58 km2 (22.39 sq mi) Location of Zevenaar
Zoetermeer 0637 South Holland 123,614 3,540 /km2 (9,169 /sq mi) 37.05 km2 (14.31 sq mi) Location of Zoetermeer
Zoeterwoude 0638 South Holland 8,089 384 /km2 (995 /sq mi) 21.96 km2 (8.48 sq mi) Location of Zoeterwoude
Zuidhorn 0056 Groningen 18,767 149 /km2 (386 /sq mi) 128.37 km2 (49.56 sq mi) Location of Zuidhorn
Zuidplas 1892 South Holland 40,878 685 /km2 (1,774 /sq mi) 62.42 km2 (24.1 sq mi) Location of Zuidplas
Zundert 0879 North Brabant 21,374 176 /km2 (456 /sq mi) 121.17 km2 (46.78 sq mi) Location of Zundert
Zutphen 0301 Gelderland 47,154 1,150 /km2 (2,978 /sq mi) 42.93 km2 (16.58 sq mi) Location of Zutphen
Zwartewaterland 1896 Overijssel 22,148 267 /km2 (692 /sq mi) 87.86 km2 (33.92 sq mi) Location of Zwartewaterland
Zwijndrecht 0642 South Holland 44,546 2,187 /km2 (5,664 /sq mi) 22.77 km2 (8.79 sq mi) Location of Zwijndrecht
Zwolle 0193 Overijssel 123,211 1,091 /km2 (2,826 /sq mi) 119.36 km2 (46.09 sq mi) Location of Zwolle

Special municipalities[edit]

Municipality Capital Population[d][27] Population density[e] Area[f][28] Map
Bonaire Kralendijk 17,408 700160000000000000060 /km2 (160 /sq mi) 7002288000000000000288 km2 (111 sq mi) Location of Bonaire
Saba The Bottom 1,991 7002153000000000000153 /km2 (400 /sq mi) 700113000000000000013 km2 (5.0 sq mi) Location of Saba
Sint Eustatius Oranjestad 3,897 7002186000000000000186 /km2 (480 /sq mi) 700121000000000000021 km2 (8.1 sq mi) Location of Sint Eustatius

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Population as of January 2014
  2. ^ Population density as of 2012
  3. ^ Area as of 2012
  4. ^ Population as of January 2013
  5. ^ The population density is calculated by dividing the population by the area for each special municipality.
  6. ^ Area as of 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central government, provinces, municipalities and water authorities". government.nl. Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  2. ^ OECD E-Government Studies: Netherlands 2007. Paris: OECD Publishing. 28 May 2007. p. 40. ISBN 978-92-64-03029-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  3. ^ A.H.M. Dölle; D.J. Elzinga; J.W.M. Engels (20 September 2004). "Algemene bevoegdheids- en omgangsbepalingen" [General power and communication clauses]. Handboek van het Nederlandse gemeenterecht [Manual of Dutch municipal law] (in Dutch). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer. pp. 143–170. ISBN 978-90-268-4169-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Figee, Edward; Eigeman, Jean; Hilterman, Frank (December 2007). "Local Government in The Netherlands" (PDF). VNG. The Hague: Drukkerij Excelsior. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Wet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba, Act No. 345 of 10 October 2010 (in Dutch). Retrieved on 5 April 2013.
  6. ^ Article 129, Constitution of the Netherlands. Retrieved on 24 April 2013.
  7. ^ Article 8, Gemeentewet [Municipalities Act], Act No. 96 of 14 February 1992 (in Dutch). Retrieved on 8 April 2013.
  8. ^ Article 61.1 and 35.1, Gemeentewet [Municipalities Act], Act No. 96 of 14 February 1992 (in Dutch). Retrieved on 8 April 2013.
  9. ^ A.H.M. Dölle; D.J. Elzinga; J.W.M. Engels (20 September 2004). "De samenstelling van het college" [Members of the board]. Handboek van het Nederlandse gemeenterecht [Manual of Dutch municipal law] (in Dutch). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer. pp. 233–252. ISBN 978-90-268-4169-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Municipal government". government.nl. Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Ekamper, Peter; van der Erf, Rob; van der Gaag, Nicole; Henkes, Kène; van Imhoff, Evert; van Poppel, Frans (2003). "Chapter: Provincies en gemeenten, 1850-2000" [Provinces and municipalities, 1850-2000] (link to PDF). Bevolkingsatlas van Nederland: demografische ontwikkelingen van 1850 tot heden [Population atlas of the Netherlands: demographic developments from 1850 to now] (in Dutch). Rijswijk: Uitgeverij Elmar. pp. 21–27. ISBN 9038913648. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "Gemeentelijke indeling op 1 januari 2014" [Municipalities on 1 January 2014]. CBS Classifications (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Beeckman, Duncan; van der Bie, Ronald (2005). "Een eeuw gemeentelijke herindelingen" [A century of municipal mergers]. Bevolkingstrends (in Dutch) (Heerlen/Voorburg: CBS) 53 (2): 63–64. ISSN 1571-0998. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  14. ^ "Gemeentelijke herindeling" [Municipal mergers]. rijksoverheid.nl (in Dutch). Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  15. ^ Wet van 7 februari 2013 tot wijziging van de Gemeentewet en enige andere wetten in verband met het afschaffen van de bevoegdheid van gemeentebesturen om deelgemeenten in te stellen, Act No. 76 of 28 February 2013 (in Dutch). Retrieved on 10 April 2013.
  16. ^ "Amsterdam stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Amsterdam. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  17. ^ "Rotterdam deelgemeenten" (in Dutch). Gemeente Rotterdam. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "The Hague stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente The Hague. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  19. ^ "Almere stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Almere. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  20. ^ "Eindhoven stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  21. ^ "Groningen stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Groningen. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  22. ^ "Nijmegen stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Website www.nijmegencity.nl. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  23. ^ "Kerncijfers Wijken en Buurten" [Key figures for districts and neighbourhoods]. Methods:Data collection (in Dutch). CBS. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  24. ^ "Regionale Kerncijfers Nederland" [Regional key figures for the Netherlands]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  25. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  27. ^ "Population of Dutch Caribbean (1 January); sex, age". CBS Statline. CBS. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  28. ^ Referentiekader Caribisch Nederland met bijlagen [Reference frame Caribbean Netherlands with appendices] (PDF) (Technical report) (in Dutch). IdeeVersa. 20 February 2012. pp. 25–27. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 

External links[edit]