Vrhbosna

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Vrhbosna was the medieval name of a small region in today's central Bosnia and Herzegovina, centered on an eponymous settlement that would later become part of the city of Sarajevo.[1][2][3][4]

The meaning of the name of this Slavic župa is "the peak of Bosnia". The only known fortification in the area at the time was Hodidjed.[3] The existence of a significant individual settlement of Vrhbosna was recorded in the 14th and 15th centuries.[4] Vrhbosna was first attacked by the Ottoman Empire in 1416,[4] and it was finally taken in 1451.[1][2][3][4]

Vrhbosna persisted shortly after the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia, but soon the name went out of use.[3][4] In 1550, a Venetian traveller Caterino Zeno was the first westerner to use the term Sarraglio (Italianized form of Sarajevo) instead of Vrhbosna to describe the place.[4]

Its name is preserved in the name of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vrhbosna.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb (1997). The Encyclopaedia of Islam: SAN-SZE. Brill. p. 29. ISBN 9004104224. Retrieved 2012-09-11. 
  2. ^ a b Roger Cohen (1998). Hearts grown brutal: sagas of Sarajevo. Random House. p. 115. Retrieved 2012-09-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d Hazim Šabanović (1959). Bosanski pašaluk: postanak i upravna podjela (in Serbo-Croatian). Naučno društvo NR Bosne i Hercegovine. pp. 28–37. UDC 94(497.6)"14/17". Retrieved 2012-09-11. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mihovil Mandić (December 1927). "Postanak Sarajeva". Naroda starina (in Croatian) (Croatian State Archives) 6 (14): 4–13. Retrieved 2012-09-11.