|City of Westmorland|
City Hall of Westmorland
|Motto: "Today's Roadrunners Tomorrow's Leaders"|
Location in Imperial County and the state of California
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||June 30, 1934|
|• Total||0.590 sq mi (1.529 km2)|
|• Land||0.590 sq mi (1.529 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||-164 ft (−50 m)|
|• Density||3,800/sq mi (1,500/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652812, 2412239|
Westmorland (formerly, Westmoreland) is a city in Imperial County, California. Westmorland is located 8.5 miles (14 km) southwest of Calipatria. The population was 2,225 at the 2010 census, up from 2,131 in 2000. It is part of the El Centro Metropolitan Area.
Westmorland is on State Route 86, which was upgraded to a new six-lane highway to reduce its infamous auto accident and fatality risk, while it connects with Brawley, El Centro and Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico.
From the 1920s through the 1950s Westmorland was the site of illegal gaming establishments and many brothels, but these were later destroyed in an attempt to improve the town's image.[when?]
Westmorland has dealt with the image of high poverty rates, and prior to the 1990s North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) economic boom, a nearly dormant farm food shipping industry.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all land.
Westmorland is below sea level and sits behind a number of active earthquake faults. Seismic activity has been recorded several times during the twentieth century, with tremors occurring in 1907, 1916, 1925, 1940, 1948, 1965 and 1979. The 1987 Superstition Hills event caused serious damage in Westmorland and the Imperial Valley.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Westmorland had a population of 2,225. The population density was 3,769.7 people per square mile (1,455.5/km²). The racial makeup of Westmorland was 1,038 (46.7%) White, 21 (0.9%) African American, 38 (1.7%) Native American, 11 (0.5%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 1,042 (46.8%) from other races, and 75 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,938 persons (87.1%).
The Census reported that 2,225 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 631 households, out of which 336 (53.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 299 (47.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 174 (27.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 61 (9.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 61 (9.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 4 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 89 households (14.1%) were made up of individuals and 42 (6.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.53. There were 534 families (84.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.82.
The population was spread out with 765 people (34.4%) under the age of 18, 234 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 527 people (23.7%) aged 25 to 44, 449 people (20.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 250 people (11.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.2 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
There were 678 housing units at an average density of 1,148.7 per square mile (443.5/km²), of which 299 (47.4%) were owner-occupied, and 332 (52.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 1,066 people (47.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,159 people (52.1%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,131 people, 625 households, and 501 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,263.6 people per square mile (2,057.0/km²). There were 667 housing units at an average density of 1,647.5 per square mile (643.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.8% White, 1.0% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 39.4% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. 82.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 625 households out of which 47.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.4 and the average family size was 3.9.
In the city the population was spread out with 35.8% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,365, and the median income for a family was $26,667. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $19,107 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,941. About 27.3% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.9% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.
Westmorland children (grades K-8) are part of the Westmorland Elementary School District, while high-school age students are members of the neighboring Brawley Union High School District.
Westmorland has one of the smallest police departments in California, with a chief and five full-time officers with only five patrol cars. The Imperial County Fire Department provides fire and paramedic services.
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- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1481. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
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- "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
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