Wikipedia:Template messages/Cleanup

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The following template messages may be added to articles needing a cleanup. Their purposes are to foster improvement of the encyclopedia by alerting editors to changes that need to be made. Cleanup tags are meant to be temporary notices that lead to an effort to fix the problem, not a permanent badge of shame to show that you disagree with the article or a method of warning the readers against the article.

Unless otherwise noted, the cleanup messages, or tags, should be placed at the top—before other templates, images, or infoboxes, but after hatnotes (see WP:Hatnote#Placement). Certain tags can be placed at the top of an individual section, and others can be placed within the text itself (inline).

  • Avoid tagging articles if you can easily and confidently fix the problem. The goal is an improved article, not a tagged article.
  • Avoid "drive-by" tagging: tags should be accompanied by a comment on the article's talk page explaining the problem and beginning a discussion on how to fix it, or, for simpler problems, a remark using the reason parameter as shown below
  • Don’t insert tags that are similar or redundant. For example, most articles that read like essays have an inappropriate tone, and in fact they end up being automatically grouped in the same category, so it is unnecessary to tag with both {{tone}} and {{essay-like}}.
  • If an article has many problems, tag only the highest priority issues. A lengthy list is often less helpful than a shorter one. (See also: tag bombing and over-tagging)
  • Don't add tags for trivial or minor problems, especially if an article needs a lot of work. For example, there is little point in polishing the grammar of a section that needs to be dramatically re-written to comply with content policies. Focus on the biggest one, two, or three problems.

A date parameter is added by a bot, or you can add it yourself with |date=October 2014.

Does the article meet inclusion requirements?[edit]

Before placing templates on a page it is worthwhile to cast a critical eye over the page to determine whether it should, in fact, be included in Wikipedia. Some articles can be tagged for speedy deletion or nominated for a deletion discussion at article for deletion.

Best practices in obscure or unpopular articles[edit]

On pages that have received little attention from editors or readers, cleanup templates can be used as a way to call attention to problems that need to be addressed by editors. Editors who want to help address these problems should look through the various cleanup categories such as maintenance and articles with content issues and try to address the problems so that the templates can be removed. Editors who do a lot of tagging of articles should also address the backlogs.

Best practices in heavily monitored articles[edit]

On pages that are being edited by a number of users, cleanup templates are used to inform readers and editors of ongoing discussions and attempts to fix the problems on the page. Such templates can be used to attract uninvolved users to discussions and cleanup efforts, and they can also serve as a warning to casual readers that the article may have problems and be subject to dramatic changes. In general, an editor who places a template message to indicate a problem like this should explain their rationale fully on the talkpage of the article. If the consensus of the other editors is that there is a problem or an editorial dispute that deserves such a clean-up template, then the editors should work to fix the problem as quickly and cleanly as possible so the template message can be removed. If the consensus is that there is no problem, then the message can be removed immediately. For heavily monitored articles, please do not add or remove template messages of this sort without using the talk page.

Use in sections[edit]

Many of these cleanup tags require you to place |article as the first parameter when you use the tag at the top of an article. When you want the template to refer to just one section, however, you replace |article with |section (where the | is a pipe key found on most keyboards as a shift-backslash (\). See the specific template below to determine if such "section use" is supported and appropriate.

Tag consolidation[edit]

If too many tags are put at the top of an article, the article can become eclipsed by the tags, especially with short or stub articles. Consider consolidating the tags into the {{multiple issues}} template.

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{multiple issues}}
links talk edit
  • Include only those maintenance templates directly relevant to the issues of the particular article or section. Also, do not use this template without any templates.
  • Use |section=y if placing the template in a particular section.

Cleanup[edit]

General cleanup[edit]

Use one of these general tags when none of the more specific tags fits.

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{cleanup}}
category links talk edit
  • This applies to general problems not addressed by other tags.
  • Please consider using specific cleanup tags first, as specific tags help other editors to easily identify problems in an article.
  • Use the reason parameter: cleanup|reason= to specify issues identified (it may be a link to comments on the talk page).
{{cleanup AfD}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this tag where an AFD discussion closes with a consensus of "keep and cleanup."
{{cleanup-remainder}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this tag where the remaining sections of an article need cleanup.
{{cleanup-rewrite}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this tag where the whole article needs extensive revision.

Copy editing[edit]

Some articles just need someone with a good grasp of editing technique to give them a once-over.

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{copy edit}}
category links talk edit
{{copy edit-section}}
category links talk edit
{{verify spelling}}
links talk edit
[spelling?]

Cleanup of specific subjects[edit]

These templates are all "general cleanup" templates, but tie into a specific subject matter or WikiProjects.

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{CIA}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup-book}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup Congress Bio}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup-film}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup-school}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup-university}}
category links talk edit
{{game guide}}
category links talk edit
{{game trivia}}
category links talk edit
{{local}}
category links talk edit
{{metricate}}
category links talk edit
{{USRD-wrongdir}}
category links talk edit

Fiction[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{all plot}}
category links talk edit
{{fiction}}
category links talk edit
  • This is not for factual or accuracy disputes.
{{in-universe}}
category links talk edit
{{More plot}}
category links talk edit
{{No plot}}
category links talk edit
{{plot}}
category links talk edit

Inline with article text[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{need-IPA}}
category links talk edit
[needs IPA]

Style of writing[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{abbreviations}}
category links talk edit
{{advert}}
category links talk edit
{{buzzword}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup-tense}}
category links talk edit
{{crystal}}
category links talk edit
{{debate}}
category links talk edit
{{editorial}}
category links talk edit
{{essay-like}}
category links talk edit
{{example farm}}
category links talk edit
{{howto}}
category links talk edit
{{inappropriate person}}
category links talk edit
{{like resume}}
category links talk edit
{{news release}}
category links talk edit
{{obituary}}
category links talk edit
{{manual}}
category links talk edit
{{over-quotation}}
category links talk edit
{{peacock}}
category links talk edit
{{pro and con list}}
category links talk edit
{{repetition}}
category links talk edit
{{review}}
category links talk edit
{{story}}
category links talk edit
{{technical}}
category links talk edit
{{tone}}
category links talk edit
{{travel guide}}
category links talk edit
{{verbosity}}
category links talk edit

Structure, formatting, and sections[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{cleanup-reorganize}}
category links talk edit
{{condense}}
category links talk edit
{{duplication}}
category links talk edit
{{importance-section}}
category links talk edit
{{organize section}}
category links talk edit
{{overcoloured}}
category links talk edit
{{sections}}
category links talk edit
{{spacing}}
links talk edit
{{too many see alsos}}
category links talk edit
{{trivia}}
links talk edit
{{very long}}
links talk edit

Introduction[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{inadequate lead}}
category links talk edit
{{lead missing}}
category links talk edit
{{lead rewrite}}
category links talk edit
{{lead too long}}
category links talk edit
{{lead too short}}
category links talk edit
{{POV-lead}}
category links talk edit

Potentially unwanted content[edit]

Message boxes[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{cleanup-list}}
category links talk edit
  • For use in articles or sections where potentially unwanted lists need to be salvaged before being deleted
{{cleanup red links}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup-spam}}
category links talk edit
{{close paraphrasing}}
category links talk edit
{{copypaste}}
category links talk edit
{{criticism section}}
category links talk edit
{{external links}}
category links talk edit
{{further reading cleanup}}
category links talk edit
{{in popular culture}}
category links talk edit
{{MOS}}
category links talk edit
{{non-free}}
category links talk edit
{{overlinked}}
category links talk edit
{{schedule}}
category links talk edit
{{trivia}}
category links talk edit

Inline with article text[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{peacock term}}
links talk edit
[peacock term]
{{spam link}}
category links talk edit
[spam link?]
{{weasel-inline}}
links talk edit
[weasel words]

Context and detail[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{context}}
category links talk edit
{{generalize}}
category links talk edit
{{overly detailed}}
category links talk edit
{{specific}}
category links talk edit
{{time-context}}
category links talk edit

Off-topic[edit]

Articles occasionally contain content which is otherwise valid, but appears unrelated to the nominal topic of the article. However, such stray may be subject of interpretation and must not lead to common understanding.

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{off-topic}}
category links talk edit
  • Also takes "other article" parameter

Expand and add[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{biblio}}
category links talk edit
  • Place {{biblio|date=October 2014}} at the head of the relevant section(s).
{{cleanup-biography}}
category links talk edit
{{expand section}}
category links talk edit
  • When calling this template, you may pass it a parameter. A template call like {{expand section | examples and additional citations}} generates: "This section requires expansion with: examples and additional citations."
{{formula missing descriptions}}
category links talk edit
{{ISBN}}
category links talk edit
  • Place {{ISBN|date=October 2014}} at the head of the relevant section(s). Remember that books published before 1974 may not have ISBNs (though more recent editions should).
{{kmposts}}
category links talk edit
{{lacking overview}}
category links talk edit
{{mileposts}}
category links talk edit
{{missing information}}
category links talk edit
  • When calling this template, you must pass it a parameter. A template call like {{Missing information | why bananas are yellow}} generates "This article is missing information about why bananas are yellow."

Expert needed[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{expert-subject}}
category links talk edit
  • Before adding this template, start a section on the article discussion page describing what you wish the expert to address, and put the section name in the |talk= parameter. {{Expert-talk}} may be used on the talk page for this purpose.

Time-sensitive[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{time-context}}
category links talk edit
{{update}}
category links talk edit
{{update|inaccurate=y}}
category

Inline with article text[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{clarify timeframe}}
links talk edit
For tagging WP:DATED problems
[timeframe?]
{{update after}}
category links talk edit
For facts that need updating now or at a specific future date
[dated info]
{{update inline}}
links talk edit
For facts that need updating
[needs update]

Contradiction and confusion[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{confusing}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this tag in articles that need broad cleanup to eliminate confusion and discrepancies.
{{contradict}}
links talk edit
{{contradict-other}}
links talk edit
{{contradict-other-multiple}}
links talk edit
  • Use these tags in articles that appear to contradict themselves or eachother.
{{incoherent}}
links talk edit
{{misleading}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this tag when the article is not factually wrong, but leads the reader to draw incorrect conclusions.
{{unclear date}}
category links talk edit

Inline with article text[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{contradiction-inline}}
category links talk edit
[contradiction]
  • Use this for specific sentences which contradict themselves or a nearby sentence.
{{expand acronym}}
links talk edit
[expand acronym]
  • Use this to mark acronyms and abbreviations that are not written in full at first occurrence.
{{inconsistent}}
category links talk edit
[inconsistent]
  • Use this to mark statements that are inconsistent with other parts of the article.
{{vague}}
category links talk edit
[vague]
  • Use this for specific sentences needing clarification.

Content forks[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{bad summary}}
category links talk edit

Importance and notability[edit]

See also: WP:What Wikipedia is not (importance conveyed by sources) and WP:Notability (coverage by sources).
Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{notability}}
category links talk edit
{{importance-section}}
links talk edit
{{importance-inline}}
links talk edit
[importance?]

Neutrality and factual accuracy[edit]

Message boxes[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{autobiography}}
category links talk edit
{{cherry picked}}
category links talk edit
{{coat rack}}
category links talk edit
{{COI}}
category links talk edit
{{disputed}}
category links talk edit
{{disputed-section}}
category links talk edit
{{excessive advocacy}}
category links talk edit
{{geographical imbalance}}
links talk edit
{{globalize}}
category links talk edit
{{partisan}}
category links talk edit
{{peacock}}
category links talk edit
{{POV}}
category links talk edit
{{POV-check}}
category links talk edit
{{POV-lead}}
category links talk edit
{{POV-section}}
category links talk edit
{{POV-title}}
category links talk edit
{{recentism}}
category links talk edit
{{unbalanced}}
category links talk edit
{{undue}}
category links talk edit
{{weasel}}
category links talk edit

Inline with article text[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{according to whom}}
links talk edit
For weasel words ("It was said..." It was thought...")
[according to whom?]
{{clarify}}
links talk edit
[clarification needed]
{{dubious}}
links talk edit
[dubious ]
{{editorializing}}
links talk edit
[editorializing]
{{lopsided}}
links talk edit
[unbalanced opinion]
{{OR}}
links talk edit
[original research?]
{{POV-statement}}
links talk edit
[neutrality is disputed]
{{undue-inline}}
links talk edit
[undue weight? ]
{{when}}
links talk edit
For ambiguous or vague time references of various kinds.
[when?]
{{who}}
links talk edit
For weasel words ("Many say..." Some people think...")
[who?]

Verifiability and sources[edit]

Message boxes[edit]

  • For quotations used out of context, references to unrelated material, and other misuse of citations.
  • Message boxes may be used at the top of an article, or in a specific section of an article.
  • Individual message boxes may be combined.
Combined message boxes[edit]
Tag Multiple issues combined (top of an article)
{{multiple issues}}
links talk edit
Tag Multiple issues combined (section of an article)
{{multiple issues}}

links talk edit

Individual message boxes[edit]
Tag Individual message boxes, text that will be shown, and usage notes.
(Boxes for both the top of an article, or a specific section of an article)
{{BLP IMDb refimprove}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP primary sources}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP self-published}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP sources}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP sources section}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP unsourced}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP unsourced section}}
category links talk edit
{{citation style}}
category links talk edit
{{more footnotes}}
category links talk edit
{{no footnotes}}
category links talk edit
{{citations broken}}
category links talk edit
{{cite check}}
category links talk edit
{{cleanup-bare URLs}}
category links talk edit
{{film IMDb refimprove}}
category links talk edit
{{format footnotes}}
category links talk edit
{{ibid}}
category links talk edit
{{medref}}
links talk edit
{{one source}}
category links talk edit
{{original research}}
category links talk edit
{{page numbers improve}}
category links talk edit
{{page numbers needed}}
category links talk edit
{{primary sources}}
category links talk edit
{{refimprove}}
category links talk edit
{{refimprove section}}
category links talk edit
{{refimprove science}}
category links talk edit
{{speculation}}
category links talk edit
{{religious text primary}}
category links talk edit
{{self-published}}
category links talk edit
{{third-party}}
category links talk edit
{{unreferenced}}
category links talk edit
{{unreferenced section}}
category links talk edit
{{unreliable sources}}
category links talk edit

Inline with article text[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{according to whom}}
links talk edit
[according to whom?]
{{attribution needed}}
links talk edit
[attribution needed]
{{better source}}
links talk edit
[better source needed]
{{by whom}}
links talk edit
[by whom?]
{{chronology citation needed}}
links talk edit
[chronology citation needed]
{{citation broken}}
links talk edit
[broken citation]
{{citation needed}}
links talk edit
[citation needed]
{{citation needed span}}
links talk edit
[citation needed]
{{citation needed (lead)}}
links talk edit
[not verified in body]
{{cite quote}}
links talk edit
[this quote needs a citation]
{{clarify}}
links talk edit
[clarification needed]
{{copyvio link}}
links talk edit
[copyright violation?]
{{dead link}}
links talk edit
[dead link]
{{disambiguation needed}}
links talk edit
[disambiguation needed]
{{dubious}}
links talk edit
[dubious ]
{{elucidate}}
links talk edit
[further explanation needed]
{{examples}}
links talk edit
[examples needed]
{{failed verification}}
links talk edit
[not in citation given]
{{full}}
links talk edit
[full citation needed]
{{medical citation needed}}
links talk edit
[medical citation needed]
{{medrs}}
links talk edit
[unreliable medical source?]
{{nonspecific}}
links talk edit
[not specific enough to verify]
{{OR}}
links talk edit
[original research?]
{{page needed}}
links talk edit
[page needed]
{{primary source-inline}}
links talk edit
[non-primary source needed]
{{quantify}}
links talk edit
[quantify]
{{registration required}}
links talk edit
(registration required)
{{request quotation}}
links talk edit
[need quotation to verify]
{{season needed}}
links talk edit
[season & episode needed]
{{self-published inline}}
category links talk edit
[self-published source?]
{{specify}}
category links talk edit
[specify]
{{subscription required}}
links talk edit
(subscription required)
{{synthesis-inline}}
links talk edit
[improper synthesis?]
{{third-party-inline}}
links talk edit
[third-party source needed]
{{unreliable medical source}}
links talk edit
[unreliable medical source?]
{{update after}}
links talk edit
[dated info]
{{vague}}
links talk edit
[vague]
{{verify credibility}}
links talk edit
[unreliable source?]
{{verify source}}
links talk edit
[verification needed]
{{volume needed}}
links talk edit
[volume & issue needed]
{{when}}
links talk edit
[when?]
{{where}}
links talk edit
[where?]
{{which}}
links talk edit
[which?]
{{who}}
links talk edit
[who?]
{{whose quote}}
links talk edit
[who said this?]
{{why}}
links talk edit
[why?]
{{year missing}}
links talk edit
[year missing] Use when the year of publication of a source is needed
{{year needed}}
links talk edit
[year needed] Use when the date of an event is needed

Links for search[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{find sources}}
links talk edit
Find sources: "example" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR · free images
{{find sources 3}}
links talk edit
Find sources: Gnews · Gnewspapers · Gbooks · Gscholar · NYT · Wikipedia Reference Search
{{search}}
links talk edit

(wp gwp g bwp b | eb 1911 co gct sw)

Categories[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{category unsourced}}
category links talk edit
{{check category}}
category links talk edit
{{disputed-category}}
category links talk edit
{{improve categories}}
category links talk edit
{{recategorize}}
category links talk edit
{{uncategorized}}
category links talk edit
  • Place this at the bottom of an uncategorized article/category if you are unsure of which categories apply.
{{uncategorized stub}}
category links talk edit
  • Place this at the bottom of an article if it is only categorized into a stub category and you are unsure of which categories apply.

Images and other media[edit]

For tips on requesting images see: WP:Requested pictures.

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{cleanup-gallery}}
links talk edit
{{cleanup-images}}
category links talk edit
{{diagram requested}}
links talk edit
  • This template should be used on talk pages.
{{image requested}}
links talk edit
  • This template should be used on talk pages. Please add one or more subject categories into the template.
  • Use of= to add detailed information on the request.
  • Use in= to define locations.
{{map requested}}
links talk edit
  • This template should be used on talk pages.
{{too many photos}}
category links talk edit
{{audio requested}}
links talk edit

Lists[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{cleanup-list}}
category links talk edit
  • For use in non-list articles or sections where potentially unwanted lists need to be salvaged before being deleted
{{create-list}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this tag where an article needs to be changed into list format.
{{disputed-list}}
category links talk edit
  • To identify a list on Wikipedia that has content whose truth, factual nature, and/or relevance to the topic is in dispute.
{{example farm}}
category links talk edit
  • For use in non-list articles where too much of the content is composed of "examples", "references in popular culture", and the like.
{{famous}}
category links talk edit
  • For use in articles with unclear criteria for a list of "famous" or "notable" persons.
{{famous players}}
category links talk edit
  • For use in articles with unclear criteria for a list of "famous" or "notable" sports persons.
{{fiction trivia}}
category links talk edit
  • For use in fiction-specific articles that have way too many trivial examples. (Ex.: For an article specifically about famous fictional horses that mentions the fact that Sesame Street once told kids how to spell "horse", or that one of the animals you can kill in an online game is a horse.)
{{in popular culture}}
category links talk edit
  • For use when a nonfiction article has become overcrowded with too many references to fiction or other pop culture. (Ex.: Article on horses having a long section of TV shows, movies, video games, etc. that have "horse" in the name or feature horses in some way.)
{{list to table}}
category links talk edit
  • For use where lists could be better presented as tables.
{{MOSLOW}}
category links talk edit
{{prose}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this tag where a list needs cleanup.

Wiki tech[edit]

Most of these issues are covered in the main Manual of Style.

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{cleanup-HTML}}
category links talk edit
  • If the article needs HTML changed into wiki-markup
{{cleanup-lang}}
category links talk edit
  • If the article has non-English text but lacks {{Lang}} template(s)
{{dead end}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this to mark articles or sections that completely lack internal links.
{{disambiguation cleanup}}
category links talk edit
{{incoming links}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this to mark disambiguation pages with a large number of incoming links.
{{more-specific-links}}
links talk edit
  • Use this on a page with general links that should be more specific.
{{orphan}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this for articles that aren't linked to from any other pages.
{{uncategorized}}
category links talk edit
  • Place this at the bottom of an uncategorized article/category if you are unsure of which categories apply.
{{underlinked}}
category links talk edit
  • Use this to mark articles or sections with too few internal links.

Infobox needed[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{infobox requested}}
category links talk edit
  • This template should be used on talk pages.
  • Also has functionality to indicate that only a section in a page needs one. See the template page for more info.
{{new infobox}}
category links talk edit
  • This template should be used on talk pages.
{{single infobox request}}
category links talk edit
  • This template should be used on talk pages.

Infobox cleanup needed[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{cleanup-infobox}}
category links talk edit

Other article tags[edit]

There are also tags available for:

See also[edit]