Wildlife of Algeria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Saharan jackals are a possible distinct species of jackal.
Barbary Lions have not been seen in Algeria since 1922.
Barbary Sheep
The African Wild Dogs' presence in Algeria is unconfirmed.

The wildlife of Algeria is composed of its flora and fauna.

The varied vegetation of Algeria includes coastal, mountainous, chotts, wetlands and grassy desert-like regions which all support a wide range of wildlife. Many of the creatures comprising the Algerian wildlife live in close proximity to civilisation. The most commonly seen animals include the wild boars, jackals, and gazelles, although it is not uncommon to spot fennecs (foxes), and jerboas. Algeria also has a few leopard and cheetah populations but these are seldom seen.

A variety of bird species make the country an attraction for bird watchers. Barbary macaques are the sole native monkey. Snakes, monitor lizards, and numerous other reptiles can be found living among an array of rodents throughout the semi arid regions of Algeria.

Endangered species and conservation[edit]

Algeria is also home to a number of endangered species which are currently protected under Algerian law. The country's most endangered animal is the serval, a beautiful, wild feline which is larger than a domestic cat but smaller than a leopard. The serval has the longest legs in the cat family and its coat is characterized by leopard-like spots. Very few of these elegant creatures still exist in the northern parts of Algeria.

Another creature that is endangered in Algeria is the Mediterranean monk seal. These seals live in caves and in rocky outcrops along the coast of Algeria and their numbers have been made scarce by over-fishing and pollution. Monk seals do not give birth often and usually have only one pup, which means attempts to increase the seal population are slow and difficult. Besides the serval and seals, Algerian wild dogs and a species of bat are also considered to be endangered.

Flowers[edit]

In the north some of the native flowers includes Macchia scrub, oaks, cedars and other conifers.[1] The grape vine is indigenous to the coast.

In the Sahara region some oases have palm trees. Acacias with wild olives are the predominant flowers in the remainder of the Sahara.

Fauna[edit]

Mammals[edit]

There are 104 mammal species in Algeria, of which 3 are critically endangered, 2 are endangered, 10 are vulnerable, and 3 are near-threatened. 1 of the species listed for Algeria is extinct and 1 can no longer be found in the wild.

Reptile fish, amphibian birds and marine mammals[edit]

Insects[edit]

Prehistoric period[edit]

Prehistoric mammals[edit]

Dinosaurs[edit]

Prehistoric reptiles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Audubon Society (2009). Field Guide to African Wildlife. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 43–44. ISBN 0-679-43234-5.