Elections in Algeria

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria

Algeria elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. People's National Assembly (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani/Assemblé Populaire Nationale) has 380 members, elected for a five-year term in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation. Eight seats in the national assembly are reserved for Algerians abroad. The Council of the Nation (Majlis al-Umma/Conseil de la Nation) has 144 members, 96 members elected by communal councils and 48 members appointed by the president. Algeria has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. According to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Algerian elections are generally free and fair.[citation needed] According to a US Embassy cable, the 2009 presidential elections were "carefully choreographed and heavily controlled", with the official turnout figure "exaggerated" by at least 45%.[1]

Until 12 November 2008, presidents were limited to two terms; on this date, amendments to the constitution were passed with removed the term limits.[2]

The next legislative election is scheduled for 2017.

Latest elections[edit]

2009 presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 April 2009 Algerian presidential election results
Candidates and parties votes %
Abdelaziz BouteflikaNational Liberation Front 12,911,705 90.24
Louisa HanouneWorkers' Party 604,258 4.22
Moussa TouatiAlgerian National Front 330,570 2.31
Djahid YounsiMovement for National Reform 176,674 1.37
Ali Fawzi RebaineAhd 54 133,129 0.93
Mohammed SaidParty of Justice and Liberty 132,242 0.92
Invalid votes 1,042,727 7.25
Total (turnout 74.54%) 15,351,305  
Source: presse-dz.com

2012 legislative elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 10 May 2012 People's National Assembly of Algeria election results
Parties Leader Votes % Seats +/–
National Liberation Front Abdelmalek Sellal 1,324,363 17.35 208 +72
National Rally for Democracy Ahmed Ouyahia 524,057 6.86 68 +7
Green Algeria Alliance (MSPNahdaIslah) Bouguerra Soltani 475,049 6.22 49 –11
Front of Socialist Forces Hocine Aït Ahmed 188,275 2.47 27 +27
Workers' Party Louisa Hanoune 283,585 3.71 24 –2
Algerian National Front Moussa Touati 198,544 2.60 9 –4
Justice and Development Party Abdallah Djaballah 232,676 3.05 8 +8
Algerian Popular Movement Amara Benyounes 165,600 2.17 7 +7
New Dawn Tahar Benbaibeche 132,492 1.74 5 +5
Front of Change 173,981 2.28 4 +4
National Party for Solidarity and Development Dalila Yalaqui 114,372 1.50 4 +2
National Front for Social Justice 140,223 1.84 3 +3
Ahd 54 Ali Fawzi Rebaine 120,201 1.57 3 +1
Union of Democratic and Social Forces 114,481 1.50 3 +3
National Republican Alliance Redha Malek 109,331 1.43 3 –1
Future Front 174,708 2.29 2 +2
Dignity Party 129,427 1.70 2 +2
National Movement of Hope 119,253 1.56 2 ±0
Algerian Rally 117,549 1.54 2 +1
Republican Patriotic Rally 114,651 1.50 2 ±0
Party of Youth Hamana Boucharma 102,663 1.34 2 +2
Algerian Light Party 48,943 0.64 2 +2
Party of Algerian Renewal 111,218 1.46 1 –3
El-Infitah Movement Naima Farhi 116,384 1.52 1 –2
Movement of Free Citizens 115,631 1.51 1 +1
National Front of Independents for Understanding 107,833 1.41 1 –2
National Democratic Front 101,643 1.33 1 ±0
Others 1,306,656 17.12 0 –22
Independents 671,190 8.79 18 –15
Valid votes 7,634,979 100.00
Invalid votes 1,704,047 18.25
Total 9,339,026 100 462
Registered voters/turnout 21,645,841 43.14
Sources: El Watan, Adam Carr's Election Archive, IPU

2007 legislative elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 17 May 2007 People's National Assembly of Algeria election results
Parties President Votes % Seats +/–
National Liberation Front (Jabhat at-Taḥrīr al-Waṭaniyy / Front de Libération Nationale) Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Abdelaziz Belkhadem
Khalida Toumi
1,315,686 22.98 136 –63
National Rally for Democracy (at-Tajammu` al-Waṭaniyy ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyy / Rassemblement National Démocratique) Ahmed Ouyahia 591,310 10.33 61 +14
Independents 562,986 9.83 33 +3
Movement of Society for Peace (Ḥarakat Mujtama` as-Silm / Mouvement de la Societé pour la Paix) Bouguerra Soltani 552,104 9.64 52 +14
Workers' Party (Ḥizb al-`Ummāl / Parti des Travailleurs) Louisa Hanoune 291,312 5.08 26 +5
Algerian National Front (al-Jabhah al-Waṭaniyyah al-Jazā'iriyyah / Front National Algérien) Farida Haddouche 239,563 4.18 13 +5
Islamic Renaissance Movement (Ḥarakat an-Nahḍah / Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique) ????? 194,067 3.39 5 +4
Rally for Culture and Democracy(at-Tajammu` min 'ajl aṯ-Ṯaqāfah wad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah / Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Démocratie) Saïd Sadi 192,490 3.36 19 +19
Movement for National Reform (Mouvement Islah) Abdallah Djaballah 144,880 2.53 3 –40
El-Infitah Movement (Mouvement El Infitah) Naima Farhi 143,936 2.51 3 +3
Movement for Youth and Democracy (Mouvement pour la Jeunesse et la Démocratie) ????? 132,268 2.31 5 +5
Ahd 54 Ali Fawzi Rebaine 129,300 2.26 2 +2
National Republican Alliance (Alliance Nationale Républicaine) Redha Malek 126,444 2.21 4 +4
Movement of National Understanding (Ḥarakat al-Wifāq al-Waṭaniyy / Mouvement de l'Entente Nationale) ????? 122,501 2.14 4 +3
National Party for Solidarity and Development (Parti National pour la Solidarité et le Developpement) Dalila Yalaqui 119,353 2.08 2 +2
National Movement for Nature and Democracy (Mouvement National pour la Nature et la Démocratie) ????? 114,767 2.00 7 +7
National Front of Independents for Understanding (Front National des Indépendants pour la Conc....C) ????? 112,321 1.96 3 +3
Party of Algerian Renewal (Ḥizb at-Tajdīd al-Jazā'iriyy / Parti du Rénouveau Algérien) ????? 103,328 1.80 4 +3
Algerian Rally (Rassemblement Algérien) ????? 100,079 1.75 1 +1
National Movement of Hope (Mouvement National d'Esperance) ????? 99,179 1.73 2 +2
Republican Patriotic Rally (Rassemblement Patriotique Républicain) ????? 84,348 1.47 2 +2
Progressive Republican Party (Parti Républicain Progressiste) ????? 81,046 1.42 0 ±0
National Democratic Front (Front National Démocratique) ????? 78,865 1.38 1 +1
Democratic and Social Movement (Mouvement Démocratique et Social) El Hachemi Chérif 51,219 0.89 1 +1
Socialist Workers' Party (Parti Socialiste des Travailleurs) ????? 42,735 0.75 0 ±0
Total (turnout 35.65%) 5,726,087 100.0 389
Algerian Interior Ministry

These elections were marked by a turnout of 35%, the lowest of any Algerian election to date ([3][4]). The former ruling party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), obtained the largest number of seats, with 136. It was followed by its two governing partners, the National Rally for Democracy (RND), with 61, and the Islamist Movement of Society for Peace (MSP), with 52 seats. The latter parties gained seats at the expense of the FLN, which lost 38 seats in comparison with its result in 2002.

The radical leftist Workers' Party (PT) led by Louiza Hannoune obtained 26 seats, becoming the largest force in parliament after the governing coalition; the secularist Berber Rally for Culture and Democracy (RCD) obtained 19 seats, reentering parliament after a boycott in 2002 had left the party without representation there. The other Islamist party, Islah (split, with one wing calling for a boycott of the election), lost heavily, maintaining only 3 seats, versus 43 in the previous parliament. Independents, with 33 seats (3 more than in the previous parliament), and a number of smaller parties shared the rest of the seats.

Several groups, notably the leftist Front of Socialist Forces,[5] leading members of the former Islamic Salvation Front (notably Abbassi Madani[6] and Ali Belhadj), and the newly formed organisation Rachad[7] called on their supporters to boycott these elections. The Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb also issued a video calling participation in the elections "a great sin".

2004 presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 8 April 2004 Algerian presidential election results
Candidates - Nominating parties votes %
Abdelaziz Bouteflika - National Rally for Democracy 8,651,723 85.0
Ali Benflis - National Liberation Front 653,951 6.4
Abdallah Djaballah - Movement for National Reform 511,526 5.0
Said Sadi - Rally for Culture and Democracy 197,111 1.9
Louisa Hanoune - Workers' Party 101,630 1.0
Ali Fawzi Rebaine - Ahd 54 63,761 0.6
Total (turnout 58.1 %) 10,179,702  

2002 parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 30 May 2002 Algerian People's National Assembly election results
Parties Votes % of Votes Seats
National Liberation Front (Jabhat at-Taḥrīr al-Waṭaniyy / Front de Libération National) 2.618.003 34.3 199
Movement for National Reform (Ḥarakat al-Iṣlāḥ al-Waṭaniyy / Mouvement du Renouveau National) 705.319 9.5 43
National Rally for Democracy (at-Tajammu` al-Waṭaniyy ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyy / Rassemblement National Démocratique) 610.461 8.2 47
Movement for the Society of Peace (Ḥarakat Mujtama` as-Silm / Mouvement de la Société pour la Paix) 523.464 7.0 38
Workers' Party (Ḥizb al-`Ummāl / Parti des Travailleurs) 245.770 3.3 21
Algerian National Front (al-Jabhah al-Waṭaniyyah al-Jazā'iriyyah / Front National Algérien) 113.700 1.6 8
Islamic Renaissance Movement (Ḥarakat an-Nahḍah / Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique) 48.132 0.6 1
Party of Algerian Renewal (Ḥizb at-Tajdīd al-Jazā'iriyy / Parti du Renouveau Algérien) 19.873 0.3 1
Movement of National Understanding (Ḥarakat al-Wifāq al-Waṭaniyy / Mouvement de l'Entente Nationale) 14.465 0.2 1
Non-partisans 365.594 4.9 30
Front of Socialist Forces (Jabhat al-Quwā al-Ištirākiyyah / Front des Forces Socialistes)

Rally for Culture and Democracy (at-Tajammu` min 'ajl aṯ-Ṯaqāfah wad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah / Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Démocratie)
Movement for Democracy in Algeria (al-Ḥarakah min 'ajl ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah fī al-Jazā'ir / Mouvement pour la démocratie en Algérie)

boycott
Total (turnout 46.2%)     389

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]