Portal:Algeria

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The Algeria Portal - بوابة الجزائر

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Algeria (Formal Arabic: الجزائر, al-Jazā’ir; in Tamazight: Dzayer; French: Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country located in North Africa. In terms of land area, it is the largest country on the Mediterranean Sea, the largest on the African continent, and the tenth-largest in the world.

Algeria is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, a few kilometers of the Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara in the southwest, Morocco in the west and northwest, and the Mediterranean Sea in the north. Its size is almost 2,400,000 km2, and it has an estimated population of about 35,700,000 as of January 2010. The capital of Algeria is Algiers.

Algeria is a member of the United Nations, African Union, and OPEC. It also contributed towards the creation of the Maghreb Union.

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Pied-Noir emblem

Pied-Noir ("Black-Foot"), plural Pieds-Noirs, pronounced [pje.nwaʁ], is a term used to refer to colonists of French Algeria until the Algerian independence in 1962. Specifically, Pieds-Noirs were French nationals, including those of European descent, Sephardic Jews, and settlers from other European countries such as Spain, Italy, and Malta, who were born in Algeria. From the French invasion in 18 June 1830, until attaining independence, Algeria formed three départements (Algiers, Oran and Constantine) and was considered a part of France. By independence, the Pieds-Noirs accounted for 1,025,000 people, or roughly 10 percent of the total population.

The Pieds-Noirs are known in reference to the Algerian War, which saw the deaths of 24,000 French Nationals and at least 153,000 Algerians, with estimates varying due to differing statistical analyses. The Algerian War was fought by nationalist groups such as the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) against the colonial French government in response to political and economic inequalities as well as their perceived "alienation" from the French settlers. The conflict contributed to the fall of the French Fourth Republic and the mass migration of French Nationals to France.

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Hoggar caravane2.jpg
Credit: W. Robrecht

Man on his camel in the Ahaggar Mountains, Algeria.

Did you know ...

edit ...that the Rustamid dynasty was the first Muslim state to have its capital in Algeria?

... That Algerian soldiers fought for the French freedom, against Nazi-Germany and thousands of them died during the fights?

...that Chakib Khelil went to the same university as Gene Wolfe?

...that the Saharan oasis of Tabelbala, in Bechar, has its own unique language, called Korandje?

...that Jacques Gaillot's Partenia is a former Algerian city consumed by the Sahara?

...that Zinedine Zidane is actually Algerian?

...that Algeria became the first African team to defeat an European team at the 1982 FIFA World Cup (2-1 against West Germany in the first round)?

...that the Algerian athlete Hassiba Boulmerka, became the first African woman to win an athletics world title, and the first Algerian to win an Olympic title?

...that in 1861, the impressionism painter Claude Monet joined the First Regiment of African Light Cavalry in Algeria where he stayed for two years?

Oran Santa Cruz.JPG

... that in defying Spanish dominance, locals built a chapel at a higher elevation next to Fort Santa Cruz (pictured) in Oran, Algeria?

Algiers cathedral 1899.jpg

... that Ketchaoua Mosque (pictured) in Algiers is a "mosque-turned-cathedral-turned-mosque"?

... that the name of Ghardaïa in northern-central Algeria has its origins in a female saint named Daïa who lived in a cave (ghār) in the M'zab valley?

Grande mosquée Alger.jpg

... that the Great Mosque of Algiers (pictured) is the oldest mosque in Algiers and is said to be the second oldest mosque in Algeria?

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Adel Abdessemed in 2009.jpg

Adel Abdessemed', (born 1971 in Constantine, Algeria) is a conceptual artist who lives and works in Paris, France. He is represented by David Zwirner, New York, Dvir Gallery, Tel Aviv and Christine König Galerie, Vienna. Abdessemed attended the École des Beaux-Arts de Batna, and Algiers, Algeria from 1987 to 1994. Due to political unrest in Algeria, he moved to Lyon, France in 1994. He continued his fine arts education at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyon, before completing his studies in Paris, France in 2000. The following year, he enrolled at the International Studio Program at the P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center in New York.


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