William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

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William IV
Guillaume IV of Luxembourg.png
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Reign 17 November 1905 – 25 February 1912
Predecessor Adolphe
Successor Marie-Adélaïde
Spouse Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal
Issue Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Hilda, Princess of Schwarzenberg
Antoinette, Crown Princess of Bavaria
Elisabeth, Princess Ludwig Philipp of Thurn and Taxis
Sophie, Princess Ernst Heinrich of Saxony
House House of Nassau-Weilburg
Father Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau
Mother Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Born (1852-04-22)22 April 1852
Biebrich Palace, Wiesbaden
Died 25 February 1912(1912-02-25) (aged 59)
Berg Castle, Colmar-Berg
Burial Schlosskirche (“Castle Church”) in Weilburg since 1953
Religion Calvinism

William IV (22 April 1852 – 25 February 1912) reigned as the sovereign Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 17 November 1905 until his death. He succeeded his father, Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg. He also held the titular title of Duke of Nassau.[1]

William IV was a Protestant, the religion of the House of Nassau. He married Princess Marie Anne of Portugal, believing that a Roman Catholic country ought to have a Roman Catholic monarch. Thus since William IV all other Grand Dukes have been Catholic.

At the death of his uncle, Prince Nikolaus-Wilhelm in 1905, the only other legitimate male in the House of Nassau-Weilburg was William's cousin, Georg Nikolaus, Count of Merenberg, the product of a morganatic marriage. So in 1907, William declared the Counts of Merenberg non-dynastic, naming his own eldest daughter Marie-Adélaïde (1894–1924) as heiress-presumptive to the grand ducal throne. She became Luxembourg's first reigning female monarch upon her father's death in 1912, and upon her own abdication in 1919, was succeeded by her younger sister Charlotte (1896–1985). Charlotte's descendants have reigned until the present day.

He was the last monarch of Luxembourg to die in office.

Family[edit]

On 21 June 1893 in Fischhorn Castle, Zell am See, he married Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal, daughter of the deposed king Miguel I of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. The couple had six daughters, but no sons:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha (1901), article "Luxembourg"
  2. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/schwarzenberg.html Princely House of Schwarzenberg
  3. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/thurn.html Princely House of Thurn and Taxis
  4. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/saxony.html Royal House of Saxony
  5. ^ a b Miroslav MAREK. "Hesse-Homburg", 2003-05-02. Retrieved on 2009-03-05

External links[edit]

William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Cadet branch of the House of Nassau
Born: 12 April 1852 Died: 25 February 1912
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Adolphe
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1905–1912
Succeeded by
Marie-Adélaïde