William Ormsby-Gore, 4th Baron Harlech
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Harlech
KG GCMG PC
|Secretary of State for the Colonies|
28 May 1936 – 16 May 1938
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Preceded by||James Henry Thomas|
|Succeeded by||Malcolm MacDonald|
|Born||11 April 1885|
|Died||14 February 1964|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Beatrice Gascoyne-Cecil (1891-1980)|
Harlech sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Denbigh Boroughs from 1910 to 1918 and for Stafford from 1918 until 1938 and served as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1922 to 1929 (with a brief interruption during the short-lived Labour government of 1924). He was British representative to the Permanent Mandates Commission of the League of Nations from 1921 to 1922. In 1927 he was admitted to the Privy Council. Harlech also held office in the National Government as Postmaster-General in 1931, as First Commissioner of Works from 1931 to 1936 and as Colonial Secretary between 1936 and 1938.
In 1938 he succeeded his father as fourth Baron Harlech and entered the House of Lords. During the Second World War he was High Commissioner to South Africa from 1941 to 1944. After retiring from politics he served on the board of Midland Bank, owner of a banking house founded by his family. He also held the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Merionethshire between 1938 and 1957. In 1948 he was made a Knight of the Garter.
According to Scott Anderson in Lawrence in Arabia (Doubleday, 2013, at p. 254), Ormsby-Gore by 1916 had become a convert to Judaism and was one of the primary figures in the British government who favoured the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Lord Harlech married Lady Beatrice Edith Mildred, daughter of James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury, in 1913. His eldest son Owen Gerard Cecil Ormsby-Gore predeceased him. Harlech died in February 1964, aged 78, and was succeeded in the barony by his second son David, who followed him into politics and served as British Ambassador to the United States in the 1960s. Lady Harlech died in 1980.
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2013)|
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
- Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Ormsby-Gore