Willie Mitchell (musician)
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
March 1, 1928|
Ashland, Mississippi, United States
|Origin||Memphis, Tennessee, United States|
|Died||January 5, 2010
Memphis, Tennessee, United States
|Genres||Soul, R&B, rock and roll, pop, funk|
|Occupations||Singer, bandleader, record producer, arranger|
Willie L. Mitchell (March 1, 1928 – January 5, 2010) was an American soul, R&B, rock and roll, pop and funk record producer and arranger, who ran Royal Studios in Memphis, Tennessee. He was best known for his Hi Records label of the 1970s, which released albums by a large stable of popular Memphis soul artists, including Mitchell himself, Al Green, O. V. Wright, Syl Johnson and Ann Peebles.
Born and raised in Ashland, Mississippi, Mitchell moved to Memphis when he was in high school. He attended Rust College. At the age of eight, he began to play the trumpet. While in high school, he was a featured player in popular local big bands. He later formed his own combo, which from time to time included musicians such as trumpeter Booker Little, saxophonists Charles Lloyd, and George Coleman, and pianist Phineas Newborn, Jr.
Known at the recording studio as "Papa Willie", Mitchell earned his nickname by taking over the reins of Hi Records in 1970 and guiding it through its most successful period. Mitchell's productions have been much noted for featuring a hard-hitting kick drum sound (usually played by pioneering Memphis drummer Al Jackson, Jr. of Booker T. & the M.G.'s).
A trumpeter and bandleader in his own right, Mitchell released a number of popular singles for Hi Records as an artist in the 1960s, including "Soul Serenade." It peaked at #43 in the UK Singles Chart in April 1968.
He and Al Green revived their successful recording partnership in 2003 when Green recorded I Can't Stop, his first collaboration with Mitchell since 1985's He is the Light. Their 2005 follow-up project was Everything's OK.
His final work was producing the final Solomon Burke studio album, Nothing's Impossibile, released in June 2010.
- 1963: Sunrise Serenade
- 1964: 20-75
- 1965: It's Dance Time
- 1966: It's What's Happenin
- 1967: Ooh Baby, You Turn Me On
- 1967: The Hit Sound of Willie Mitchell
- 1968: Willie Mitchell Live at the Royal
- 1968: On Top 1969
- 1969: Solid Soul
- 1969: Soul Bag
- 1970: Robbin's Nest
- 1970: The Many Moods of Willie Mitchell
- 1971: Hold It
- 1971: Listen Dance
- 1977: Willie Mitchell Live
- 1981: Willie Willie Willie
- 1986: That Driving Beat
- 2003: Walkin' With Willie
- 2008: Best Damn Fool (with Buddy Guy)
- Howard, David N. (2004). Sonic Alchemy: Visionary Music Producers and Their Maverick Recordings, pp. 150–51. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 0-634-05560-7.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 372. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Willie Mitchell interview by Pete Lewis, 'Blues & Soul' October 1987
- The New York Times, 6 January 2010
- Allmusic.com biography
- Musician Willie Mitchell dead at 82
- Willie Mitchell's Lasting Tribute memorial page
- Famed musician, record producer Willie Mitchell dies