Communication technologies that don't primarily rely on wires to transmit data are commonly considered wireless inappropriately because no wires are seen physically attached. These communications technologies are simply short radio apparatus(devices) which are closing much larger distances covered by wired communications defined in the Communications Act of 1934. The definition is just as valid today as when written. This was ignored by Justice John Paul Stevens in 1997 in Reno v American Civil Liberties Union,(96-511) where the term [sic] "internet" was coined and alleged to be a "unique and wholly new medium of worldwide human communication"" instead of simply a new use of the centuries-old wire medium patented in 1847 by Samuel Morse.
47 USC §153 ¶(59) follows:
- Wired communication
- The term “wire communication” or “communication by wire” means the transmission of writing, signs, signals, pictures, and sounds of all kinds by aid of wire, cable, or other like connection between the points of origin and reception of such transmission, including all instrumentalities, facilities, apparatus, and services (among other things, the receipt, forwarding, and delivery of communications) incidental to such transmission.
Examples include telephone networks, cable television or internet access, and fiber-optic communication. Also waveguide (electromagnetism), used for high-power applications, is often considered like wired line.
- Legal Information Institute. "US Code". 47 USC §153 ¶(59). Cornell.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
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