Zoeb bin Moosa

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Zoeb (al-Dhu’ayb) bin Musa al-Wadei al Hamdani (died-10 Moharram ul Haram, 546 AH/ 1151 AD Hooth, Yemen) is the first Dai al-Mutlaq, a position of spiritual authority in Musta‘lī Ismaili Bohra Islam. He was appointed to the position by Queen Arwa al-Sulayhi of Yemen on 22 Shabanul Karim, 532 AH.

Appointment as Dai al-Mutlaq by Arwa al-Sulayhi[edit]

Main articles: Dai al-Mutlaq and Dawah

Arwa al-Sulayhi had been named "Hujja" by Ma'ad al-Mustansir Billah, the Fatimid Imam. Dai was the intermediary between the Imam (whose headquarters were at Cairo and Yemen), and called Dai al-balagh (not having absolute authority). Dai Lamak ibn Malik and his son Dai Yahya ibn Lamak (d. 1126 AD) were the dai of that era.[1] After the death of the twentieth Ismaili imam Al-Amir, his child At-Tayyib Abi l-Qasim, only a few years old, became the twenty-first Imam. As Tayyib was not in a position to run the Ismaili dawah ("mission"), Al-Amir authorised Arwa al-Sulayhi to run it. She empowered Zoeb bin Moosa to manage the dawah in Yemen under instruction of Imam Amir and extend its influence in India. The Dai had become the Dai al-Mutlaq ("dai with absolute authority") and was made independent from political activity. Because of the independence of the dai, the Fatimid dawat could survive even after Arwa al-Sulayhi's Sulayhid dynasty had lost power in Yemen[2]

His life[edit]

Zoeb lived in Haus, Yemen, and that was where he died, after being Dai al-Mutlaq for 14 years. His ma'dhūn, or assistant, was Syedna Khattab bin Hasan, and Mukasire Dawat was Syedna Ibrahim bin Hasan Alhamedi. He was titled as "Misbahul Yemen va Kavkaboha" and "Farrasul Kutub". Books like " Kitabun Nafse fi Marefatul Jussat" and "Risalatul Harje fi Marefatul Mavjudaat" was written by him.

Zoeb appointed Maulai Yaqoob as the wali ("representative" or "caretaker") of the Fatimid Dawat in India. Moulai Yaqoob was the first person of Indian origin to receive this honour. He was the son of Moulai Bharmal, minister of King Siddhraja Jaya Singha, who ruled in Anhalwara, Patan, and Gujrat from 1094 to 1133 AD. They all, along with minister Moulai Tarmal, had honoured the Fatimid dawat along with their fellow citizens on the call of Moulai Abadullah. Moulai Fakhruddin Shaheed, son of Moulai Tarmal was sent to western Rajasthan, India.[clarification needed]

The lineage of Zoeb's successors as Dai continues to the present day, as leaders of the Dawoodi Bohra in India[citation needed].

See also[edit]

References and external links[edit]

  • List of Syednas (according to Dawoodi Bohras)
  • The Ismaili, their history and doctrine by Farhad Daftary(Chapter -Mustalian Ismailism-p. 300-310)
  • Religion,learning and science by Young Lathan
  • Medieval Islamic civilisation by Joseph w. Meri, Bacharach
  • Sayyida Hurra: The Isma‘ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemenby Dr Farhad Daftary
  • The Uyun al-akhbar is the most complete text written by an Ismaili/Tayyibi/Dawoodi 19th Dai Sayyedna Idris bin Hasan on the history of the Ismaili community from its origins up to the 12th century CE period of the Fatimid caliphs al-Mustansir (d. 487/1094), the time of Musta‘lian rulers including al-Musta‘li (d. 495/1101) and al-Amir (d. 524/1130), and then the Tayyibi Ismaili community in Yemen.
  1. ^ http://www.iis.ac.uk/SiteAssets/pdf/sayyida_hurra[1].pdf, Sayyida Hurra: The Isma'ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemen,Farhad Daftary, page 4, 'having now been appointed as the chief da'i of Yemen. Lamak, designated as da`i al-balagh, henceforth acted as the executive head of the Yemenite da'wa'
  2. ^ http://www.iis.ac.uk/SiteAssets/pdf/sayyida_hurra[1].pdf, Sayyida Hurra: The Isma'ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemen,Farhad Daftary, page 7 ,8.