1662 in science
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- February 16 – John Evelyn presents the basic text of his Sylva, or A Discourse of Forest-Trees and the Propagation of Timber to the College for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematical Experimental Learning, probably the earliest treatise on forestry (it is published in book form in 1664).
- First attempt to manufacture graphite drawing sticks from powdered graphite (mixed with sulphur and antimony), in Nuremberg, Germany.
- Robert Boyle publishes Boyle's law, in the second edition of his New Experiments Physico-Mechanicall, Touching The Spring of the Air, and its Effects (Oxford).
- John Graunt, in one of the earliest uses of statistics, publishes information about births and deaths in London.
- July 15 – The Royal Society of London receives its royal charter. Robert Hooke becomes its Curator of Experiments this year.
- April 22 – John Tradescant the Younger, English botanist (born 1608)
- August 19 – Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and physicist (born 1623)
- West, J. B. (October 1999). "The original presentation of Boyle's law". Journal of Applied Physiology. 87 (4): 1543–1545. doi:10.1152/jappl.19220.127.116.113. ISSN 8750-7587. PMID 10517789.
- "Robert Hooke". www.ucmp.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
- "Ashmolean Museum: British Archaeology Collections - Rationalisation and Enhancement Project - The Collectors Tradescant". britisharchaeology.ashmus.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
- "Blaise Pascal | Biography, Facts, & Inventions". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-01-28.