1805 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1805.
- January–September – Samuel Taylor Coleridge serves as Acting Public Secretary in Malta.
- Early – Jacob Grimm is invited to Paris as an assistant to Friedrich Karl von Savigny.
- New Theatre Royal, Bath, opens in England, replacing the Old Orchard Street Theatre.
- Henry Thomas Colebrooke makes the first translation into English of the Aitareya Upanishad.
- Eugenia de Acton – The Nuns of the Desert
- Sophie Ristaud Cottin – Mathilde (translated as The Saracen; or Matilda and Malek Adhel: A Crusade Romance)
- Charlotte Dacre – Confessions of the Nun of St. Omer
- Robert Charles Dallas – The Morlands
- Maria Edgeworth – The Modern Griselda
- Jean-Baptiste Cousin de Grainville – Le Dernier Homme
- Elizabeth Helme:
- The Chronicles of Christabelle de Mowbray
- The Pilgrims of the Cross
- William Henry Ireland – Gondez the Monk
- Matthew Gregory Lewis – The Bravo of Venice
- Mary Meeke – The Wonder of the Village
- Anna Maria Porter – A Sailor's Friendship, and A Soldier's Love
- Catherine Selden – Villa Nova
- Ivan Pnin – God
- Walter Scott – The Lay of the Last Minstrel
- Martin Archer Shee – Rhymes on Art
- Robert Southey – Madoc
- Hosea Ballou – A Treatise on Atonement
- James Belcher – "Treatice (sic) on Boxing by Mr. J. Belcher" (article in George Barrington: New London Year)
- Henry Thomas Colebrooke
- Denis Diderot (posthumously) – Rameau's Nephew (in a German translation by Goethe)
- William Henry Ireland – The Confessions of William Henry Ireland
- Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool – Treatise on the Coins of the Realm
- Ellis Cornelia Knight – Description of Latium or La Campagna di Roma
- Richard Payne Knight – An Analytical Inquiry into the Principles of Taste
- Jane Marcet (anonymously) – Conversations on Chemistry
- Mercy Otis Warren – History of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the American Revolution
- February 4 – William Harrison Ainsworth, English historical novelist (died 1882)
- April 2 – Hans Christian Andersen, Danish writer (died 1875)
- July 29 – Alexis de Tocqueville, French writer (died 1859)
- August 29 – F. D. Maurice, English theologian and novelist (died 1872)
- September 19 – John Stevens Cabot Abbott, American historian (died 1877)
- December 23 – Joseph Smith, American founder and prophet of the Latter Day Saint movement (killed 1844)
- February 24 – Ralph Broome, English pamphleteer (born 1742)
- March 29 – Jean Elliot, Scottish poet (born 1727)
- May 9 – Friedrich Schiller, German playwright (born 1759)
- May 25 – William Paley, English philosopher (born 1743)
- June 18 – Arthur Murphy (Charles Ranger), Irish writer (born 1727)
- July 27 – Brian Merriman (Brian Mac Giolla Meidhre), Irish-language poet (born c. 1749)
- August 3 – Christopher Anstey, English poet (born 1724)
- Early September – Mary Deverell, English religious writer, essayist and poet (born 1731)
- September 3 – Johann Martin Abele, German publisher (born 1753)
- Unknown dates
- Benito Pérez Galdós' novel Trafalgar (1872) is set at this time.
- Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace (1869), entitled The Year 1805 in an earlier version, opens in this year.