1844 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1844.
- March–July – Alexandre Dumas, père's historical adventure story The Three Musketeers (Les Trois Mousquetaires) is serialized in the Paris newspaper Le Siècle.
- August 28 – Alexandre Dumas, père's near-recent historical adventure story The Count of Monte Cristo (Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) begins serialization in the Paris newspaper Journal des débats (continuing through January 1846); book publication also begins this year.
- October – George W. M. Reynolds begins publication of the bestselling "penny dreadful" city mysteries series The Mysteries of London.
- Autumn – Margaret Fuller joins Horace Greeley's New-York Tribune as literary critic, becoming the first full-time female book reviewer in American journalism.
- December 2 – Emily Brontë writes the poem "A Death-Scene".
- The first volumes of the Patrologia Latina, a 217-volume collection of works in Latin, are published in Paris by Jacques Paul Migne. The initial volumes include the writings of Tertullian and Cyprian, among other authors.
- José de Alencar – Os contrabandistas (unpublished, lost)
- Honoré de Balzac – Les Paysans
- Charles Dickens
- Benjamin Disraeli – Coningsby
- Alexandre Dumas
- Charles Lever – Tom Burke of Ours
- Joaquim Manuel de Macedo – A Moreninha
- G. W. M. Reynolds – The Mysteries of London
- Eugène Sue – Le Juif Errant
- William Makepeace Thackeray – The Luck of Barry Lyndon
- Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna – The Wrongs of Women
- Émile Augier – La Ciguë
- Christian Friedrich Hebbel – Maria Magdalene
- José Zorilla – Don Juan Tenorio
- Elizabeth Barrett Browning – Poems
- Heinrich Heine – Neue Gedichte
- James Russell Lowell – Poems
- Coventry Patmore – Poems
- Robert Chambers (published anonymously) – Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation
- Friedrich Engels – Condition of the Working Classes in England
- Joseph Ennemoser – Geschichte der Magie (History of Magic)
- Søren Kierkegaard – The Concept of Anxiety
- Karl Marx – On the Jewish Question
- John Stuart Mill – Essays on Some Unsettled Questions of Political Economy
- Arthur Penrhyn Stanley – Life of Arnold
- Max Stirner – The Ego and Its Own
- Henry Fox Talbot – The Pencil of Nature (first book illustrated with photographs from a camera)
- March 30 – Paul Verlaine, French lyric poet (died 1896)
- April 2 – George Haven Putnam, American author, publisher (died 1930)
- April 16 – Anatole France, French writer (died 1924)
- July 22 – William Archibald Spooner, English academic and instigator of spoonerisms (died 1930)
- July 28 – Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (died 1889)
- August 29 – Edward Carpenter, English socialist poet and philosopher (died 1929)
- September 9 – Maurice Thompson, American novelist (died 1901)
- October 15 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (died 1900)
- October 22 or 23 – Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (died 1923)
- October 23 – Robert Bridges, English poet (died 1930)
- October 25 – Joseph Marmette, Canadian novelist and historian (died 1895)
- October 27 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist (died 1916)
- Unknown dates
- January 4 – Maria Hack, English educational writer (born 1777)
- January 27 – Charles Nodier, French novelist (born 1780)
- February 11 – Tamenaga Shunsui, Japanese novelist (born 1790)
- February 12 – Jan Nepomuk Štěpánek, Czech dramatist (born 1783)
- May 2 – William Thomas Beckford, English novelist and travel writer (born 1760)
- June 11 – Urban Jarnik, Slovene poet and historian (born 1784)
- June 15 – Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (born 1777)
- July 11 – Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet and philosopher (born 1800)
- August 14 – Henry Cary, Gibraltar-born Irish author and translator (born 1772)
- September 18 – John Sterling, Scottish novelist and poet (born 1806)
- October 28 – Sándor Kisfaludy, Hungarian poet and dramatist (born 1772)
- November 4 – Barbara Hofland, English children's and schoolbook author (born 1770)
- November 21 – Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (born 1769)
- Hatfield, C. W., ed. (1941). The Complete Poems of Emily Jane Brontë. Columbia University Press.