1857 in rail transport
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1857.
- February 2 – With the approach of the Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth line of the Great Western Railway (GWR), the Bristol and Exeter Railway's Yeovil branch line is extended from Hendford across Yeovil to the GWR station at Pen Mill, coinciding with the GWR line from Frome to Yeovil.
- February 9 - The Central Pacific Railroad is incorporated in Nebraska Territory to build a railroad from the Missouri River through the Rocky Mountains to Washington Territory.
- February 18 - The Galena and Illinois River Railroad, a predecessor of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, is incorporated in Illinois.
- April 11 - The Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée railway company (PLM) is formed in France by amalgamation of the Chemin de fer de Lyon à la Méditerranée (LM) and the Chemin de fer de Paris à Lyon (PL) companies.
- June 4 - The first central connection to the Mississippi River is made when the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad connects Cincinnati, Ohio, to St. Louis, Missouri.
- June 11 - Norwegian railway director Carl Abraham Pihl is demanded by a Royal Decree to instruct a terrain investigation of the area along the river Drammenselva from Drammen to Randsfjorden.
- June 28 - The Lewisham rail crash (1857) in England kills 11 people.
- June 29 – The Cape Town Railway and Dock Company is granted approval to construct a 57-mile long (92-kilometre) railway between Cape Town and Wellington.
- August 30 - Opening of first railway in Argentina, from Buenos Aires to the suburb of Floresta (10 km (6.2 mi) of 5 ft 6in (1676 mm) gauge).[page needed]
- October - Charles Moran succeeds Homer Ramdell as president of the Erie Railroad.
- October 12 - Completion of the Milan–Venice railway in Italy with opening of the section between Bergamo and Treviglio, following inauguration of the bridge over the Oglio at Palazzolo.
- December 15 - George S. Griggs is awarded U.S. Patent 18,883 for a steam locomotive fire arch developed by Matthew Baird.
Unknown date events
- Aretas Blood succeeds O. W. Bayley as superintendent of American steam locomotive builder Manchester Locomotive Works.
- Daniel Drew joins the Board of Directors for the Erie Railroad.
- The first shipment of dressed beef by rail is sent from the Chicago Stockyards; the beef is packed in ice and shipped in conventional boxcars.
- Ginery Twichell becomes president of the Boston and Worcester Railroad in U.S.
- Locomotion No. 1 is placed on display in Darlington, England, the first historic steam locomotive to be publicly preserved.
- The first rails made from steel were made by Robert Forester Mushet early in 1857, and were laid experimentally at Derby railway station on the Midland Railway in England. The rails proved far more durable than the iron rails they replaced and remained in use until 1873.
- January 31 - George Jackson Churchward, Chief mechanical engineer of the Great Western Railway of England 1902-1922 (d. 1933).
- November 17 - William Benson Storey, president of Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway 1920-1933 (d. 1940).
Unknown Date Deaths
- Jasper Grosvenor, American financier who partnered with Thomas Rogers and Morris Ketchum to form Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor (b. 1794).
- "An Act to Incorporate the Central Pacific Railroad Company". The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. 1858. Retrieved May 18, 2006.
- Morris, J. C., ed. (December 31, 1902). Ohio Railway Report: Annual Report of the Commissioner of Railroads and Telegraphs; Part II. History of the Railroads of Ohio. Retrieved February 18, 2010.
- Berntsen, Ulf; Lund, Thure; Lunner, Dagfinn (1997). På sporet med Krøderkippen (in Norwegian). Norwegian Railway Club / Krøderen Line Foundation. p. 27. ISBN 82-90286-20-1.
- Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1943). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter I - The Period of the 4 ft. 8½ in. Gauge. South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, June 1943. pp. 437-440.
- Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness Books. ISBN 0-8511-2359-7. OCLC 24175552.
- "Erie Railroad presidents". Retrieved March 15, 2005.
- "Chronological overview of the opening of railway lines from 1839 to 31 December 1926" (in Italian). Trenidicarta.it. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- The Guinness Book of Rail Facts & Feats, Marshall John (1979), ISBN 0-900424-56-7
- Rogers, H. C. B. (1975). G. J. Churchward: a locomotive biography. London: George Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0-04-385069-3.
- "W. B. Storey Dies". New York Times. October 30, 1940. Retrieved August 19, 2005.
- Waters, Lawrence L. (1950). Steel Trails to Santa Fe. Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press. pp. 43–44.
- Kay, Peter (1991). Exeter–Newton Abbot: a railway history. Sheffield: Platform 5. ISBN 1-872524-42-7.