1991 in rail transport
|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1991.
- April 7 – The Empire Connection opens in New York City, allowing Amtrak trains from Upstate New York to reach Pennsylvania Station. Scheduled Amtrak service to Grand Central Terminal ends.
May 14 – The Shigaraki train disaster occurred in Shigaraki (now Koka), Shiga Prefecture, Japan. A Shigaraki Kōgen Railway (SKR) train and a West Japan Railway Company (JR West) train collided head-on, killing 42 people and injuring 614 others.
- June 1 – The last remaining Trans-Europ Express trains operate for the last time on this date. However, TEE service was revived on one route in 1993 (and then lasted until 1995).
- June – The Tōhoku Shinkansen in Japan is extended from Ueno Station to Tokyo Station.
- July 16 – Indian Railways inaugurates the Lifeline Express (Jeevan Rekha) hospital train.
- July 21 – Newton (South Lanarkshire) rail accident killed 4 people at Newton station south east of Glasgow, Scotland.
- July 29 – The European Council adopts directive 91/440/CEE relating to the development of European railroads.
- September 18 – The last train out of Mahone Bay, Nova Scotia, departs with six Canadian National Railway diesel locomotives pulling 64 railroad cars and caboose number 79822.
- September – A 400 Series Shinkansen train set a speed record of 345 km/h (214.4 mph) on the Joetsu Shinkansen line between Tokyo and Niigata, Japan.
- October 15–20 – Following passage of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, five high-speed rail corridors are designated for the first time in the United States: The Midwest, Florida, California, the Southeast, and the Pacific Northwest. However, funding for these projects would remain elusive until $8 billion was released in 2010 under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
- December 12 – Amtrak and the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) begin the Capitol Corridor passenger rail route, connecting the Sacramento region of the Central Valley with Oakland and San Jose in the San Francisco Bay Area.
- December 30 – The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine issues a decree on to build the new underground metro system in Donetsk.
- The Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad is merged into CSX Transportation.
- Ferrocarriles Argentinos, the state railway system of Argentina, is split with the metropolitan lines around Buenos Aires becoming Ferrocarriles Metropolitanos and most of the remaining lines becoming Belgrano Cargas.
- See also Railroad Development Corporation
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- Indian Railways Fan Club, IR History: Part V (1970–1995). Retrieved July 12, 2005.
- Smith, Ivan (1998), Significant Dates in Nova Scotia's Railway History. Retrieved September 18, 2005.
- "Chronology of High-Speed Rail Corridors". Federal Railroad Administration. Department of Transportation. July 7, 2009. Archived from the original on 17 March 2010. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- Zach Rosenberg (February 1, 2010). "At Long Last, Clear Messages for High-Speed Rail". Autopia. Wired Blogs. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
- The Capitol Corridor Performance Report (2005). Retrieved July 31, 2007.