West Japan Railway Company
|Nishi-nihon Ryokaku Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha|
lit. "West Japan Passenger Railway Stock Company"
|Predecessor||Japanese National Railways (JNR)|
|Founded||Osaka, Japan (1 April 1987, privatization of JNR)|
4-24 Shibata 2-chome, Kita-ku, Osaka, 530-8341,
|Takayuki Sasaki (Executive Chairman of the Board)|
Seiji Manabe (Representative Director and President)
|Products||ICOCA (a rechargeable contactless smart card)|
|Revenue||¥1,298,913 million (FY 2013)|
|¥129,497 million (FY 2013)|
|¥60,198 million (FY 2013)|
|Total assets||¥2,613,743 million (FY 2013)|
|Total equity||¥768,174 million (FY 2013)|
|Owners||Investment trusts (TMTBJ 5.52%, JTSB 4.74%)|
MUFG Bank (3.27%)
Nippon Life (2.08%)
As of 31 March 2018
Number of employees
|West Japan Railway Company|
|National railway||Japan Railways Group|
|Infrastructure company||Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency|
|Ridership||1.778 billion per year|
|Passenger km||52.614 billion per year|
|Total||5,012.7 km (3,114.7 mi)|
|Double track||2,253.2 km (1,400.1 mi) (44.9%)|
|Electrified||3,385.7 km (2,103.8 mi) (67.5%)|
|High-speed||644.0 km (400.2 mi) (12.8%)|
|Main||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|High-speed||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)|
|Main||1,500 V DC overhead catenary 2,447 km (1,520 mi)|
|20 kV AC 60 Hz overhead||278.0 km (172.7 mi) |
Hokuriku Main Line
(Tsuruga - Itoigawa)
|25 kV AC 60 Hz overhead||644.0 km (400.2 mi) |
|Tunnel length||667 km (414 mi)|
|Longest tunnel||The Shin-Kanmon Tunnel |
18,713 metres (61,394 ft)
(Shin-Shimonoseki - Kokura)
|Longest bridge||The Yoshii River Bridge |
669 m (2,195 ft)
(Okayama - Aioi)
The West Japan Railway Company, also referred to as JR West (JR西日本, Jeiāru Nishi-Nihon), is one of the Japan Railways Group (JR Group) companies and operates in western Honshu. It has its headquarters in Kita-ku, Osaka. It is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange, is a constituent of the TOPIX Large70 index, and is also one of only three Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index: the others are JR East and JR Central. It was also listed in the Nagoya and Fukuoka stock exchanges until late 2020.
- Officially not a Shinkansen
JR-West's highest-grossing line is the Sanyo Shinkansen high-speed rail line between Osaka and Fukuoka. The Sanyo Shinkansen alone accounts for about 40% of JR-West's passenger revenues. The company also operates Hakata Minami Line, a short commuter line with Shinkansen trains in Fukuoka.
The "Urban Network" is JR-West's name for its commuter rail lines in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. These lines together comprise 610 km of track, have 245 stations and account for about 43% of JR-West's passenger revenues. Urban Network stations are equipped to handle ICOCA fare cards. Train control on these lines is highly automated, and during peak hours trains run as often as every two minutes.
JR-West's Urban Network competes with a number of private commuter rail operators around Osaka, the "Big 4" being Hankyu Railway/Hanshin Railway (Hankyu bought Hanshin in April 2005), Keihan Railway, Kintetsu, and Nankai Railway. JR-West's market share in the region is roughly equal to that of the Big 4 put together, largely due to its comprehensive network and high-speed commuter trains (Special Rapid Service trains on the Kobe and Kyoto lines operate at up to 130 km/h).
Those in italics are announcement names.[clarification needed]
- Officially Katamachi Line
- Officially Tōkaidō Main Line, San'yō Main Line
- Officially Tōkaidō Main Line
- Officially San'in Main Line
- Man-yo Mahoroba Line
- Officially Sakurai Line
- Officially Fukuchiyama Line
- Officially Kansai Main Line
- Officially Sakurajima Line
Intercity and regional lines
A number of other lines account for more than half of JR-West's track mileage. These lines mainly handle business and leisure travel between smaller cities and rural areas in western Japan. They account for about 20% of the company's passenger revenues.
- Includes JR Takarazuka Line.
- Includes Biwako Line.
- Honshi-Bisan Line, Chayamachi — Kojima
- Nicknamed Seto-Ōhashi Line
- Kansai Main Line, Kameyama — JR Namba
- Includes Yamatoji Line.
- Kisei Main Line, Shingū — Wakayamashi
- Includes Kinokuni Line.
- Includes Sagano Line.
- San'yō Main Line, Kobe — Shimonoseki, Hyōgo — Wadamisaki.
- Includes JR Kobe Line.
- Includes Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line, and JR Kobe Line.
- Nicknamed Kuzuryū Line
- Fukuen Line
- Gantoku Line
- Geibi Line
- Himi Line
- Imbi Line
- Jōhana Line
- Kabe Line
- Kakogawa Line
- Kibi Line
- Kishin Line
- Kisuki Line
- Kure Line
- Includes Setouchi Sazanami Line
- Kusatsu Line
- Maizuru Line
- Mine Line
- Nanao Line
- Obama Line
- Ōito Line, Minami-Otari — Itoigawa
- Onoda Line
- Sakai Line
- Tsuyama Line
- Ube Line
- Uno Line
- Yamaguchi Line
JR-West subsidiaries include the following.
- West Japan Railway Hotel Development Company - Owns Hotel Granvia Kyoto, Hotel Granvia Osaka, Hotel Granvia Wakayama, Hotel Granvia Okayama, Hotel Granvia Hiroshima, Nara Hotel, Sannomiya Terminal Hotel and Hotel Hopinn Aming
- West Japan Railway Isetan - A joint venture with Isetan Mitsukoshi Holdings Ltd; operates the Isetan department store in Kyoto Station
- West JR Bus Company - Intercity bus operator
- Chūgoku JR Bus Company - Intercity bus operator
- Japan Railway West Trading Co.
- Nippon Travel Agency Co., Ltd
- Sagano Scenic Railway
- JR-West Miyajima Ferry Company - operator of JR Miyajima Ferry service to the island of Miyajima
JR-West was incorporated as a business corporation (kabushiki kaisha) on April 1, 1987 as part of the breakup of the state-owned Japanese National Railways (JNR). Initially, it was a wholly owned subsidiary of the JNR Settlement Corporation (JNRSC), a special company created to hold the assets of the former JNR while they were shuffled among the new JR companies.
For the first four years of its existence, JR-West leased its highest-revenue line, the Sanyō Shinkansen, from the separate Shinkansen Holding Corporation. JR-West purchased the line in October 1991 at a cost of 974.1 billion JPY (about US$7.2 billion) in long-term debt.
JNRSC sold 68.3% of JR-West in an initial public offering on the Tokyo Stock Exchange in October 1996. After JNRSC was dissolved in October 1998, its shares of JR-West were transferred to the government-owned Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation (JRCC), which merged into the Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (JRTT) as part of a bureaucratic reform package in October 2003. JRTT offered all of its shares in JR-West to the public in an international IPO in 2004, ending the era of government ownership of JR-West. JR-West is now listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, Nagoya Stock Exchange, Osaka Securities Exchange and Fukuoka Stock Exchange.
Accidents and incidents
- Shigaraki train disaster
- A collision between a JR West and a Shigaraki Kōgen Railway train in Shigaraki (now Koka), Shiga Prefecture on May 14, 1991, killed 42 people.
- Amagasaki derailment
- A train derailment in Amagasaki, Hyōgo Prefecture on April 25, 2005, killed 107 people.
- West Japan Railway Company. "JR West 2013 Annual Business Report (Japanese)" (PDF). Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- West Japan Railway Company. "2011 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 April 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- West Japan Railway Company. "JR West 2013 Earnings Summary (Japanese)" (PDF). Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- West Japan Railway Company (April 27, 2012). "Supplemental Data Fiscal Year ended March 31, 2011" (PDF). Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- West Japan Railway Company. "Company Profile 2007-2008 ebook". Retrieved July 6, 2009.
- 西日本旅客鉄道株式会社, Nishi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha, lit. "West Japan Passenger Railway Share Company"