Census in Pakistan

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Pakistan Census
مردم شماری پاکستان
The Bureau of Statistics conducts the census in the country.
Location(s) Plot #21, Mauve Area
Islamabad, G-9/1
Country  Pakistan
Inaugurated 1951 (age 65–66)
Previous event March 14, 2017 (2017-03-14)
Next event 2027 (2027)
People Asif Bajwa[1]
(Chief Statistician/Chief Census Commissioner)

The Census in Pakistan (Urdu: مردم شماری پاکستان‎), is a decennial census and a descriptive count of Pakistan's population on Census Day, and of their dwellings, conducted and supervised by the Bureau of Statistics of the Ministry of Finance and Statistics.[2] The 2017 Census in Pakistan marks the first census to take place in Pakistan since 1998. The next census is scheduled for 2027.


A national census is mandated by the Constitution of Pakistan to be held every ten years.[3] After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the first census took place in 1951 under Finance Minister Sir Malik Ghulam, serving under Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan.[4] Since 1951, there have been only 6 nationwide censuses (1961, 1972, 1981, 1998 and 2017). Delays and postponements have often been due to politicization. Pakistan's last completed census took place in 1998. The next national census was scheduled to take place in 2001 and later 2008,[5][6] and again in 2010, but none of those plans could materialize.[7][better source needed] There were multiple census counts completed for the latest round in April 2012,[8][9] but were subsequently thrown out as being "unreliable". A UN led census was to be conducted with staff training and GPS digitisation.[10] As of 2015, the population of Pakistan is estimated at 191.71 million.[11][12] As of 2016, the population of religious minorities in Pakistan have increased to 3 million.[13]

Pakistan population density



According to the 1951 census, the population of Pakistan was 75 million, with 33.7 million residing in West Pakistan and 42 million residing in East Pakistan.[14][15] Hindus constituted 12.9% of the population, which made Pakistan the second largest Hindu country in the world - West Pakistan had 1.6% of the Hindu population, while East Pakistan had 22.05%.[16]


According to the 1961 census, the population of Pakistan was 93 million, with 42.8 million residing in West Pakistan and 50 million residing in East Pakistan.[14][15][15] The literacy was 19.2%, in which East Pakistan had a literacy rate of 21.5% while West Pakistan had a literacy rate of 16.3%.[17] Hindus in East Pakistan were 18.4%[16] while the population growth rate was 2.4%.


The scheduled 1971 Census was postponed due to the political crisis of 1970 followed by the War of 1971 and subsequent loss of East Pakistan.[18][19]


According to the 1972 census, the population of Pakistan was 65.3 million.[20] [21] After 1972, the Census Organization was merged into the Ministry of Interior.[22]


According to the 1981 census, the population of Pakistan was 83.782 million.


According to the 1998 census, the population of Pakistan was 130,857,717.[23] With the inclusion of the population of Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, the population was 134,714,017 in 1998.


The sixth national population census began on 15 March 2017 and will end on 25 May 2017.[24] This census will be held after a period of 19 years.[25] The transgender community will be included in the national population census. Census of 2017 is of very important due to the social-economical position of Pakistan after the flagship contact of One Belt One Road project and also the distribution of resources among the provinces and the new constituencies will be decided on these statistical information collected by this census for the elections of 2018. After completion of many military operations and some are still being operated in the North Waziristan and in the whole country against the terrorist and the some groups affiliated with the ISIS and Al-QAEDA. Entertaining the Afghan refugees for the last 12 years in the country after the Afghan-US war, will also affect the census. Many afghan refugees have the Pakistani nationality and are now the citizens of Pakistan and earn their living here. Rest of the unregistered refugees will be sent back to their mother land (Afghanistan). Many political parties have the concern regarding the transparency of census being conducted due to the issues of the internally displaced persons (IDP's) and some have concerns related to the new constituencies and the transfer of voters from one particular area to any other constituency.


The seventh national census is scheduled to take place in 2027.


  1. ^ et,al, Govt.Pakistan. "Chief Statistician/Chief Census Commissioner, PBS | Pakistan Bureau of Statistics". www.pbs.gov.pk. Chief Statistician, Govt. of Pakistan. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Civil service clerks, et.al. "Population Census" (html). www.pbs.gov.pk. Islamabad, Pakistan: Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  3. ^ [Article 9] in PART II of Fourth Schedule: Federal Legislative List of Constitution of Pakistan.
  4. ^ "Population count: NADRA records cannot substitute for census, says Ravi Pinjani". 
  5. ^ "Plan to hold census in 2008: Cabinet okays F-16 purchase". dawn.com. 
  6. ^ "The census that may reveal too much?". 
  7. ^ "Population, housing census in Pakistan after Eid". Pakistan Times. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  8. ^ uzairakhan. "Pakistan's population up by 46.9 per cent since 1998". dawn.com. 
  9. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011". The Times of India. 
  10. ^ "The Government of Pakistan, Statistics Division in collaboration with UN-Habitat and UNFPA reaffirm their support for the forthcoming Census". ReliefWeb. 
  11. ^ "Population, Labour Force and Employment PAKISTAN ECONOMIC SURVEY 2014–15" (PDF). 
  13. ^ Minorities’ vote bank reaches close to 3m
  14. ^ a b "Migration from East Pakistan(1951–1961)" (PDF). 
  15. ^ a b c http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/other/pocket_book2006/2.pdf
  16. ^ a b D'Costa, Bina (2011), Nationbuilding, Gender and War Crimes in South Asia, Routledge, pp. 100–, ISBN 978-0-415-56566-0 
  17. ^ "East Wing beats West Wing in literacy rate". 
  18. ^ "Why a census counts". 
  19. ^ "Population survey: PM gives green light for sixth census". 
  20. ^ "2.1 Population of Pakistan" (PDF). 
  21. ^ "Census & labour data". 
  22. ^ "Population Census Pakistan". 
  23. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011". 
  24. ^ http://www.dnd.com.pk/6th-population-and-housing-census-of-pakistan-starts-from-march-15/125628
  25. ^ "In pictures: Census teams go door-to-door for Pakistan's first nationwide headcount in 19 years". DAWN.COM. 2017-03-15. Retrieved 2017-03-21.